A medical wiki is a wiki, or collaboratively-editable website, that focuses on medical information. A number of high-visibility medical wikis have been created; these usually take the form of an encyclopedia, with a separate article for each medical term. Notable medical wikis include AskDrWiki, Ganfyd, Radiopaedia, WikiDoc and WikEM. Some of these websites, such as WikiDoc and Radiopaedia, are editable by anyone, while others, such as Ganfyd, have editing restricted to professionals. The majority of current medicine-focused wikis have content available only in English.
Type of site
|Expert medical wiki project|
|Registration||Required with credentialing|
|Owner||Open Access Medical Informatics Group|
|Created by||Kenny Civello, Brian Jefferson|
|Current status||Online, but mostly inactive. In November 2013, there were 2,111 pages and 1,408 content pages. In February 2015, there were still the same number of pages.|
AskDrWiki is a medical wiki encyclopedia created by Cleveland Clinic Cardiology Fellows Kenny Civello and Brian Jefferson. The project was started as a response to the lack of free online medical information found in several community hospitals and was created to form a repository of cardiovascular information that could be readily accessed for reference. It was launched in August 2006. The site now holds medical review articles, clinical notes, pearls, and medical images. The wiki allows anyone with a medical background to contribute or edit medical articles, of which there are over 2,000 as of 2013.
The purpose of the site is to provide reliable and easily accessed health information for the medical community including physicians, nurses, and medical students. The information published on the site is not meant to supersede medical training but to serve as a repository of medical review articles to give medical professionals an online source where they can review medical topics. The website is similar to Wikipedia because it runs on MediaWiki software allowing users to add and edit articles, but differs in that all users must be credentialed based on their medical training before they are allowed to publish. Its goal is not to compete with Wikipedia regarding consumer heath-related topics, but to serve as an expert medical wiki and provide a source of up-to-date medical information for healthcare providers.
In December 2006, AskDrWiki was referenced in a British Medical Journal article, "How Web 2.0 is Changing Medicine", as one of the early adopters of using video hosting sites such as YouTube and Google Video to host medical videos. It was also discussed in a 2007 Nature Medicine article on medical wikis. AskDrWiki has been featured in other media including The Plain Dealer, Medical Economics and The American Medical Association News.
As of February 2015, although still online, the wiki had minimal ongoing contributions, with only 3 edits in 2014.
Type of site
|Current status||November 2013: Had 17,293 pages and 8,374 content pages|
Ganfyd is a medical wiki community and encyclopedia, created in November 2005 by a group of doctors working in the United Kingdom. Only registered medical practitioners or persons working under their direction, and a small number of invited non-medical specialists, may edit Ganfyd articles. The intention was to make the material reliable enough for professional medical use. As of 2013 it has over 8000 content pages.
Type of site
|Professional medical reference wiki|
|Registration||Free; editing requires credentialing|
|Created by||Peter Yang, MD|
HemOnc.org is a hematology/oncology wiki which was originally created by oncologists to fulfill a need for a free, publicly available medical reference which contained up-to-date and complete information about chemotherapy regimens and hematology/oncology medications. Its contributors are practicing physicians and other medical professionals, and as of February 2015, it is actively being updated. Its current focus is to provide clinicians with complete and fully referenced information about chemotherapy regimens, medications used in hematology/oncology, and to allow medical professionals to share any useful references or medical information with each other to improve their clinical & academic practice.
HemOnc.org runs on MediaWiki software and also Semantic MediaWiki. Anyone may sign up for an account and suggest additional information to be added. Editing privileges are activated for account holders whose credentials are verified.
Data about HemOnc.org has been presented at the 2013 ASCO Quality Care Symposium, and it has been profiled in the oncology press. Due to it being the most comprehensive known collection of chemotherapy regimens, the website's chemotherapy regimen database has also been used for academic research projects.
Type of site
|Owner||UBM medica network|
|Current status||November 2013: Had 6187 articles with 13522 images|
Radiopaedia is a bespoke wiki-based international collaborative radiology educational resource with reference articles, radiology images, and patient cases. It is aimed at registrars, residents and consultant radiology staff. An iPhone/iPad application was released in 2009.
Users of the site are free to add and edit content as well as to maintain their own case library. In an attempt to reduce vandalism and peer-review content, a panel of section editors are appointed from time to time to review changes and ensure that the presented material is as accurate and relevant as possible.
Type of site
|Created by||C. Michael Gibson|
|Current status||November 2013: Had 205,019 pages and 109,199 content pages.|
WikiDoc (alternatively spelled Wiki Doc) is a medical wiki encyclopedia where contributors are not required to have credentials in a biomedical field. WikiDoc was started in December 2005 by C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D., of Harvard Medical School. The original content came from Dr. Gibson's chief residency notes, board review notes, and content from a variety of copyleft sources including The National Library of Medicine, the Centers for Disease Control, Wikipedia and Ask Dr Wiki. WikiDoc differs from Wikipedia in the following ways: it is oriented more to medical professionals, and has medical news, expanded images and videos, greatly expanded differential diagnoses in a list format and a differential diagnosis project, a toolbar to search internet on the right hand side to gather articles, guidelines and slides, a toolbar on the left to see what page most people looked at next, a board review course (in Beta testing), and editors who watch over the content.
There is bidirectional flow of content between WikiDoc and Wikipedia.
Type of site
|Created by||Ross Donaldson|
|Current status||September 2014: Had 4,354 pages|
WikEM, The Global Emergency Medicine Wiki is a wiki-based website and point-of-care phone application for emergency medicine clinicians. WikEM started as a database created from notes and checklists passed from each resident class to the next at the Harbor-UCLA emergency medicine residency program, but is now open to all clinical providers. WikEM was launched in its current form in 2009. WikEM's mobile applications are available in both iOS and Android, allowing for quick mobile usage, as well as offline use in austere environments and disaster situations.
Screenshot of WikiLectures.eu
Type of site
|Wiki for medical students|
|Available in||English, Czech|
|Owner||Medical Faculties Network|
|Current status||November 2013: Had 5,830 pages and 702 content pages|
WikiLectures is a collaborative project focused on creating and storing medical study materials. It is developed by students and teachers from various Czech and Slovak medical faculties. WikiLectures is part of the project MEFANET, a network linking medical schools in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Editors of WikiLectures take care of promoting the authors, editorial process contributions, technical support, WikiLectures structure and ensure the safety of the project. WikiLectures contain articles, notes, prepared exam topics, guides for practitioners, and study books. WikiLectures are constantly growing. The articles are written by medical students, faculty professionals and doctors. The administration and security is provided by the editorial board. Articles in WikiLectures are regularly checked by editors and experts in various branches of medicine. Articles checked by teachers are always marked by a special sign.
The Encyclopaedia of Medical Imaging was a wiki encyclopedia of medical imaging used in radiology and radiography. Its online version is called Medcyclopaedia. As of December 2012, the site no longer exists.
The encyclopedia was the result of a collaboration of the Nycomed Amersham Intercontinental Continuing Education in Radiology Institute (NICER Institute), Sweden, Department of Radiology, Lund University, Sweden, and Amersham Health, Oslo, Norway. It was provided and copyrighted by the healthcare unit of General Electric corporation. Retrieval of images (other than thumbnails) required registration.
The website contained 3,600 pages.
Type of site
|Owner||Medpedia Inc., Ooga Labs|
|Launched||17 February 2009|
|2,211,327 (April 2014[update])|
|Current status||Closed January 2013|
Medpedia was a collaborative project launched on 17 February 2009. Its aim was to create an open access medical wiki encyclopedia in association with Harvard Medical School, Stanford School of Medicine, Berkeley School of Public Health, University of Michigan Medical School, the United Kingdom's National Health Service (NHS) as well as other contributors. Content was licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-BY-SA) license and ran on modified MediaWiki software. Harvard Medical School did not have a role in, nor was it responsible for, the content that appeared in the “wiki” section of Medpedia.
Anyone with medical knowledge was welcome to become part of Medpedia's community. However, to qualify to edit or contribute to the main content, approved editors needed an M.D., D.O., or Ph.D. in a biomedical field. Others could contribute by writing in suggestions for changes to the site using the "Make a suggestion" link at the top of each page. An approved editor could review and potentially add submitted suggestions.
Medpedia was composed of three primary components:
- A collaborative encyclopedia (also referred to as the "knowledge base")
- A Network & Directory for health professionals and organizations
- Communities of Interest where medical professionals and non-professionals come together to discuss topics of interest.
A 2012 literature review of 50 academic journal articles about the use of social media by clinicians remarked that Medpedia had "launched in 2009 with substantial institutional backing" but that the authors "did not find articles reporting success metrics" for it.
Around January 2013 the site abruptly closed. Medpedia’s founder James Currier acknowledged that this was permanent in a blog post in July 2013.
Type of site
|Owner||International Journal of Surgery|
|Current status||November 2013: Not operating|
WikiSurgery is a collaboratively-built online encyclopedia hosted by the International Journal of Surgery. As of November 2013, the site's homepage is still up but none of the rest of the website is viewable.
- "How Web 2.0 is Changing Medicine"
- Keim, B (Mar 2007). "WikiMedia.". Nature Medicine 13 (3): 231–3. doi:10.1038/nm0307-231. PMID 17342106.
- A Wikipedia-style site for Medical Information
- Wiki for Physicians Gains Foothold
- Physician Wikis:Do-it-Yourself Textbooks
- Ask Dr Wiki's recent changes page, accessed 2/8/2015, showing only 3 edits in 2014 and none since July 2014.
- Ginn S (August 2010). "Evidence based mental health and Web 2.0". Evid Based Ment Health 13 (3): 69–72. doi:10.1136/ebmh.13.3.69. PMID 20682812.
- List of recent changes on HemOnc.org, accessed 2/8/2015
- Peter C. Yang, Andrew Cowan, Jeremy Warner. Usability evaluation of HemOnc.org, a collaborative online hematology/oncology reference. J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl 31; abstr 244). 2013 ASCO Quality Care Symposium abstract 244.
- Oncology Times: How Health IT is Changing the Practice of Oncology: HemOnc.org —Sharing Oncology Information Easily., accessed 2/8/2015.
- Warner J, Yang P, Alterovitz G. Automated synthesis and visualization of a chemotherapy treatment regimen network. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;192:62-6.
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- "Radiopaedia: a wiki for radiology". ScienceRoll.
- WikiDoc Editorial Board
- Daniel S. Mojon; Melissa L. Rethlefsen; Rothman, David J. (2008). Internet Cool Tools for Physicians. Berlin: Springer. p. 114. ISBN 3-540-76381-3.
- Acknowledgement and Attribution Regarding Sources of Content, WikiDoc
- "WikEM". www.wikem.org. OpenEM Foundation. April 29, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Castro, Harvey (April 2010). "Wikipedia and the iPhone". Emergency Medicine News (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.). Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Lewis, Tom (January 10, 2013). "WikEM app brings free emergency medicine notes to all". iMedicalApps. iMedicalApps. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- The Encyclopaedia of Medical Imaging. 8 vols, Lund, Sweden: NICER Institute/ISIS Medical Media, 2001. ISBN 82-91942-00-5. Hardcover
- Book review: "The Encyclopaedia of Medical Imaging. 8 vols", doi:10.1148/radiol.2272032510
- Medcyclopaedia - Medcyclopaedia 2007/08
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- Cross, Michael (2008-07-24). "NHS Choices will need to justify its £80m price tag". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- Moore, Matthew (2008-07-23). "Medpedia, the medical Wikipedia, allows patients to diagnose themselves". London: telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- Nye, Calley (2008-07-22). "MedPedia Is Wikifying the Medical Search Space". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- von Muhlen, M., & Ohno-Machado, L. (2012). Reviewing social media use by clinicians. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, 19(5), 777–81. doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2012-000990
- "Medpedia, the Medical Wikipedia, is Dead. And we Missed its Funeral… Laika's MedLibLog 12 July 2013".
- Top Fifty (50) Medical Wikis You Might (Want to) Know. HLWIKI International.