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The original Clinic building opened its doors in 1921
|Location||9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States|
|Affiliated university||Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University|
|Lists||Hospitals in the United States|
|Other links||List of hospitals in the United States|
The Cleveland Clinic (formally known as The Cleveland Clinic Foundation) is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. The Cleveland Clinic is regarded as one of the top four hospitals in the United States by U.S. News & World Report. The hospital was established in 1921 for the purpose of providing patient care, research, and medical education. The Cleveland Clinic was ranked number one in America for cardiac care from 1994 to 2014.
Cleveland Clinic is also an Ohio nonprofit corporation which as of December 2010 had 10 regional hospitals in Northeast Ohio, a hospital and family health center in Florida, a health center in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and a specialty center in Las Vegas.
The Cleveland Clinic was founded in February 1921 by four Cleveland physicians. Three of the founders, Frank Emory Bunts, senior member, George Washington Crile, and William Edgar Lower, shared a medical practice on the west side in 1892. They desired to establish a group practice and invited an internist, John Phillips, to join in their endeavor. With loans from Cleveland Trust Company, as well as personal guarantees, the founders established the Cleveland Clinic Foundation to fund and operate the hospital under the guidance of Edward C. Daoust, son-in-law of Dr. Frank Emory Bunts.
The four doctors assumed positions as officers in the hospital in February 1921.
The hospital grew over time. It suffered a major setback in 1929 which almost closed its doors permanently. On May 15, 1929, a fire started in the basement of the hospital caused by nitrocellulose x-ray film that spontaneously ignited. The fire claimed 125 lives, including that of one of the founders, Dr. Phillips. Following this fire and the subsequent Great Depression, the Cleveland Clinic regained momentum and eventually obtained national recognition, especially in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. In the decades since World War II, the hospital has grown further.
The Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute is home to all laboratory-based, translational and clinical research at Cleveland Clinic, having total annual research expenditures of about $250 million from the National Institutes of Health and other funding sources in 2008. With about 1,500 residents and fellows, the Cleveland Clinic’s graduate medical education program is one of the largest in the country. A medical school, the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, was opened in 2004.
The Cleveland Clinic was ranked as the fourth best hospital in America for complex and demanding situations according to the 2013 U.S. News & World Report America's Best Hospitals report and ranked number one for cardiac care for 20 years in a row.
Altogether, fourteen specialties at the Cleveland Clinic were ranked among the best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2014: heart (cardiology) and cardiac surgery (#1); digestive disorders (gastroenterology) (#2); urology (#1); rheumatology (#2); orthopedic surgery (#3); nephrology (#2); respiratory disorders (pulmonology) (#3); neurology and neurosurgery (#6); endocrinology (#2); gynaecology (#3); ophthalmology (#7); otolaryngology (#6); cancer (oncology) (#13); and geriatrics (#9).
Cleveland Clinic strives for its technological efficiency, and was described by Newsweek as "a hospital trying to be a Toyota factory". When Newsweek contacted a dozen hospitals for data on cancer patient outcomes, Cleveland Clinic was the only one which could provide its own data in detail and open to the public.
On February 23, 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed Cleveland Clinic under the 50 Best Hospitals in America.
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The Cleveland Clinic has been the site of numerous medical firsts, including:
- isolation of serotonin (involved in depression) by Dr. Irvine Page
- first coronary angiography by F. Mason Sones in 1958
- first coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) by René Favaloro in 1967
- first successful larynx transplant
- discovery of first gene linked to juvenile macular degeneration
- discovery of first gene linked to familial coronary artery disease
- first percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)
- identification of carpal tunnel syndrome
- first face transplant in the U.S.
- first completed transvaginal kidney removal (2009)
- first successful pregnancy through the single-sperm freezing technique (2011)
Campus and location
The main campus of the Cleveland Clinic consists of 41 buildings on about 140 acres (57 ha) near University Circle, in the Fairfax neighborhood of Cleveland. The Cleveland Clinic operates 14 family health and ambulatory surgery centers in surrounding communities, a multispecialty hospital and family health center in Weston, Florida, and an outpatient clinic in Toronto, Ontario.
The Cleveland Clinic serves its community through ten northeast Ohio hospitals plus affiliates:
- Main Campus, Cleveland, Ohio
- Euclid Hospital, Euclid, Ohio
- Fairview Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio
- Hillcrest Hospital, Mayfield Heights, Ohio
- Lakewood Hospital, Lakewood, Ohio
- Lutheran Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio
- Marymount Hospital, Garfield Heights, Ohio
- Medina Hospital, Medina, Ohio
- South Pointe Hospital, Warrensville Heights, Ohio
- Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida
- Cleveland Clinic Florida - West Palm Beach, West Palm Beach, Florida
- Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Las Vegas, Nevada
In September 2006, the Clinic announced plans to operate a specialty hospital in UAE, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, to be built and owned by the UAE government. This facility is scheduled to open in early 2015. The current president and CEO of the Clinic, Delos M. "Toby" Cosgrove, M.D., recently indicated plans to expand into other markets abroad including Austria and Singapore.
The Clinic has about 35,000 employees across the United States and revenues exceeding $4.4 billion annually. In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed the Cleveland Clinic as number two on the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $9.14 billion in gross revenue.
The Cleveland Clinic has treated many famous patients. Some of these include:
- List of hospitals in the United States
- List of hospitals in Ohio
- Artificial heart
- Medical centers in the United States
- aling.org/magnet/index.html ANCC Magnet Recognition Program
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- February 2009, Cleveland Plain Dealer
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