The original Clinic building opened its doors in 1921
|Location||9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States|
|Affiliated university||Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University|
|Lists||Hospitals in the United States|
|Other links||List of hospitals in the United States|
The Cleveland Clinic (formally known as the Cleveland Clinic Foundation) is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. The Cleveland Clinic is currently regarded as one of the top 4 hospitals in the United States as rated by U.S. News & World Report. The Cleveland Clinic was established in 1921 by four physicians for the purpose of providing patient care, research, and medical education in an ideal medical setting. One of the largest private medical centers in the world, the Cleveland Clinic saw more than 3,200,000 patient visits in 2009, with almost 80,000 hospital admissions. Patients arrive at the Cleveland Clinic from all 50 states and more than 100 nations. The Cleveland Clinic's approximately 2,800 staff physicians and scientists and 1,300 residents represent 120 medical specialties and subspecialties. The Cleveland Clinic was ranked number one in America for cardiac care from 1994 to 2012.
Cleveland Clinic is also an Ohio nonprofit corporation which as of December 2010 had 10 regional hospitals in Northeast Ohio, a hospital and family health center in Florida, and a health center in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, a specialty center in Las Vegas, and a hospital in Abu Dhabi opening in 2013.
The Cleveland Clinic was founded in February 1921 by four renowned Cleveland physicians. Three of the founders, George Washington Crile, Frank Bunts, and William Lower, were surgeons who had worked together in an army medical unit in France during World War I.
Upon their return to the United States, they desired to establish a group practice and invited an internist, John Phillips, to join in their endeavor. The concept of group practice in medicine was relatively new at the time. Only the Mayo Clinic, Marshfield Clinic and military units were known to follow this model. The founders established the Clinic with the vision: “Better care of the sick, investigation of their problems, and further education of those who serve.” Dr. Crile was a surgeon of national prominence and attracted patients from around the country, especially for his expertise in thyroid surgery. The Clinic saw rapid growth in its early years but suffered a major setback in 1929 that almost closed its doors permanently. On May 15, 1929, a fire started in the basement of the hospital caused by nitrocellulose x-ray film that spontaneously ignited. The fire claimed 125 lives, including that of one of the founders, Dr. Phillips. Following this fire and the subsequent Great Depression, the Cleveland Clinic regained momentum and eventually obtained national recognition especially in cardiovascular disease. In the decades since World War II, the Clinic has grown to become internationally prominent and is currently the second-largest medical group practice in the world, after the Mayo Clinic.[dubious ]
The Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute is home to all laboratory-based, translational and clinical research at Cleveland Clinic, having total annual research expenditures exceeding $258 million from the National Institutes of Health and other funding sources in 2008. With more than 1,300 residents and fellows, the Cleveland Clinic’s graduate medical education program is one of the largest in the country. A new medical school, the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, was opened in 2004. The program's curriculum was devised by Cleveland Clinic staff physicians to train and mentor a new generation of physician-investigators.
The Cleveland Clinic was ranked as the fourth best hospital in America for complex and demanding situations according to the 2010 U.S. News & World Report America's Best Hospitals report and ranked number one for cardiac care for 16 years in a row. The urology, nephrology, and gastroenterology departments were ranked best in the country. The Clinic's Glickman Urological Institute has the largest full-time urology faculty in the United States.
Altogether, fifteen specialties at the Cleveland Clinic were ranked among the best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2010: heart (cardiology) and cardiac surgery (#1); digestive disorders (gastroenterology) (#2); urology (#1); rheumatology (#2); orthopedic surgery (#4); nephrology (#1); respiratory disorders (pulmonology) (#3); neurology and neurosurgery (#6); endocrinology (#6); gynaecology (#4); ophthalmology (#10); otolaryngology (#8); cancer (oncology) (#6); geriatrics (#10); and psychiatry (#22).
Cleveland Clinic is known for its technological efficiency, and was described by Newsweek as "a hospital trying to be a Toyota factory", and when Newsweek contacted a dozen hospitals for data on cancer patient outcomes, Cleveland Clinic was the only one which could provide its own data in detail and open to the public.
On February 23, 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed Cleveland Clinic under the 50 Best Hospitals in America.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
|Wikinews has related news: Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US's first face transplant|
The Cleveland Clinic has been the site of numerous medical firsts, including:
- synthesis of angiotensin II (involved in high blood pressure)
- isolation of serotonin (involved in depression) by Dr. Irvine Page
- development of "no-touch" colorectal surgery
- promotion of conservative surgery for breast cancer in America
- invention of "washing-machine artificial kidney" dialysis machine
- first coronary angiography by F. Mason Sones in 1958
- first coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) by René Favaloro in 1967
- first minimally invasive aortic valve surgery
- first successful larynx transplant
- discovery of first gene linked to juvenile macular degeneration
- discovery of first gene linked to familial coronary artery disease
- first percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)
- identification of carpal tunnel syndrome
- use of sodium nitroprusside in the clinical setting (for hypertension)
- first mitral valve repair and Maze procedure in the same operation
- first endovascular tricuspid valve implant
- first face transplant in the U.S. performed by a team led by Maria Siemionow
- first completed transvaginal Nephrectomy in 2009
- First successful pregnancy through the single-sperm freezing technique in 2011.
Campus and location
The main campus of the Cleveland Clinic consists of 41 buildings on more than 140 acres (57 ha) near University Circle, in the Fairfax neighborhood of Cleveland. The Cleveland Clinic operates 14 family health and ambulatory surgery centers in surrounding communities, a multispecialty hospital and family health center in Weston, Florida, and an outpatient clinic in Toronto, Ontario.
The Cleveland Clinic serves its community through ten northeast Ohio hospitals plus affiliates:
- Main Campus
- Euclid Hospital
- Fairview Hospital
- Hillcrest Hospital
- Huron Hospital (closed in 2011)
- Lakewood Hospital
- Lutheran Hospital, a 204-bed acute care facility
- Marymount Hospital
- Medina Hospital
- South Pointe Hospital
Ashtabula County Medical Center (ACMC) is one of the affiliates of the Cleveland Clinic. The Cleveland Clinic has a children's hospital located within the main campus and at its Shaker Campus. On October 23, 2008, the Clinic opened a new facility to house its number-one-ranked heart center, building the Miller Family Heart and Vascular Institute and the Glickman Urological Institute, in the Glickman Tower and the Sydell and Arnold Miller Family Pavilion. In addition, a 4,000-space parking garage for staff and visitors was also built.
To help ensure its growth, the Cleveland Clinic announced in 2006 a historic 5-year philanthropic campaign to raise $1.25 billion. The Clinic is also looking to expand its presence to other locations in the United States as well as abroad. In September 2006, the Clinic announced plans to operate a world-class specialty hospital in UAE, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, to be built and owned by the UAE government. This facility is scheduled to open in 2013. The current CEO and President of the Clinic, Delos M. "Toby" Cosgrove, M.D., recently indicated plans to expand into other markets abroad including Austria and Singapore.
The Cleveland Clinic is heavily involved in efforts to expand Cleveland's economy and produce growth for the region. The Clinic is the largest private employer in northeast Ohio, and the third largest in the state of Ohio, with over 36,000 employees all over the United States and revenues exceeding $4.4 billion annually. At $2.7 billion, the Clinic's endowment rivals those of top American universities. In addition to its clinical facilities and research institute, the Clinic operates a startup incubator known as CCF Innovations. CCF Innovations is charged with commercializing Clinic research and creating successful startup companies with such research. In addition to CCF Innovations, the Cleveland Clinic was awarded the State of Ohio's first "Wright Mega-Center for Innovation" award, totalling $60 million, to build a Global Cardiovascular Innovation Center. This center, funded as part of the state's "Third Frontier" program to generate economic growth for the state, will be charged with generating companies, jobs, and economic growth for the region based on the Clinic's expertise in heart disease. The clinic has provided funding to bring the HealthCorps program to Cleveland in an effort to combat teen obesity and improve the general health of local teens. The Economist magazine has reported on the hospital's impact on Cleveland.
In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed the Cleveland Clinc as number two on the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $9.14 billion in gross revenue.
The Cleveland Clinic has treated many famous patients. Some of these include:
- List of hospitals in the United States
- List of hospitals in Ohio
- Artificial heart
- Medical centers in the United States
- aling.org/magnet/index.html ANCC Magnet Recognition Program
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- Becker's Hospital Review
- Meyer, Bill. "Having his say: Larynx transplant patient progresses, even feels strong enough to sing". THE PLAIN DEALER. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
- Wang, L; Fan, C., Topol, S.E., Topol, E.J., and Q.Wang (November 2008). "Mutation of MEF2A in an inherited disorder with features of coronary artery disease". Science 302 (5650): 1578–1581. doi:10.1126/science.1088477. PMC 1618876. PMID 14645853.
- PHALEN GS, GARDNER WJ, LA LONDE AA (January 1950). "Neuropathy of the median nerve due to compression beneath the transverse carpal ligament". J Bone Joint Surg Am 32A (1): 109–12. PMID 15401727.
- Phalen GS (March 1966). "The carpal-tunnel syndrome. Seventeen years' experience in diagnosis and treatment of six hundred fifty-four hands". J Bone Joint Surg Am 48 (2): 211–28. PMID 5934271.
- Altman, Lawrence K. (December 16, 2008). "First Face Transplant Performed in the U.S.". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- Cleveland Clinic. "Cleveland Clinic performs first transvaginal kidney removal, plans a second". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- Townsend, Angela (April 9, 2012). "Single-sperm freezing technique at Cleveland Clinic results in first successful pregnancy". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- February 2009, Cleveland Plain Dealer
- Posted on Tue, Nov 29, 2011 @ 10:23 AM (2011-11-29). "4 Ways the Cleveland Clinic Represents the Model for Hospital and Healthcare Innovation". Globalpartnersinc.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- Ohio Department of Development statistics
- "Charity Navigator Rating - Yale University". Charitynavigator.org. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- "Healthiest Nation". Healthiest Nation. 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- "The hopeful laundry". The Economist. January 7, 2010.
- Oh, Jaimie (2011-08-29). "100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America | Lists". Beckershospitalreview.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4155/is_20050524/ai_n14648402. Missing or empty
- Transplant Week – Your Online Transplant Newsletter
- Ilham Aliyev Visits His Father in Cleveland
- "Brazil's President Flies To U.S. For Heart Tests". The New York Times. October 18, 1981. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
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- "Bob Dole to undergo surgery to correct enlarged aorta". CNN. June 26, 2001. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- "Bob Dole has surgery to treat aneurysm". USA Today via Associated Press. June 27, 2001. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
- WBNS-10TV, Central Ohio's News Leader – News – Restaurant Company Founder Bob Evans Enters Cleveland Clinic
- Falwell resting after tests at Cleveland Clinic | wkyc.com
- "CNN.com – Glazer recovers from second stroke – May 20, 2006". CNN. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- "Hamilton Has Cancer Surgery". The New York Times. June 25, 1997. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- "Reps: Chuck Hayes has no heart issue". ESPN.com. December 22, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- "Press: Forest City Fusion". Time. October 10, 1932. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- "Minnesota Wild forward Dany Heatley will miss remainder of the NHL season". NHL.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
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- "King Hussein in Cleveland". The New York Times. February 4, 1984. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- Ring TALK
- "Andrei Markov - Montreal Canadiens". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- Walter Mercado: Vendo de la Tumba. Patricia Vargas. El Nuevo Dia. San Juan, Puerto Rico. February 15, 2012. Page 74.
- Vendo de la Tumba. vLex Puerto Rico. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- "Liza Minnelli hospitalized with viral encephalitis". CNN. October 23, 2000. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- Kindred, Dave (June 18, 1981). "A Trip to Cleveland Tonic for Nicklaus".
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- "Heart Procedure for Parcells". The New York Times. April 17, 1992. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- Lyons, Richard D. (May 8, 1984). "Cleveland Clinic For World's Powerful". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- "A Clinic That Caters To Foreign Celebrities". The New York Times. March 28, 1984. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- Shenouda III (Gayyid) of Alexandria – OrthodoxWiki
- Northeast Ohio. "Omar Suleiman, former Egyptian spy chief and vice president, dies at Cleveland Clinic". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- GOVERNOR RELEASED.(NEWS) – The Cincinnati Post (Cincinnati, OH) – HighBeam Research
- "N.F.L. Training Camp Report". The New York Times. August 16, 1995. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- Suttell, Scott (July 28, 2011). "If you're flying out of Cleveland or Akron, you're probably paying more". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved 2011-07-31. See the heading "Bad news, delivered from Cleveland" at the bottom of the posting.
- "Robin Williams' heart surgery goes 'extremely well'". CNN. March 23, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- O'Donnell, Patrick (May 12, 2008). "Oprah Winfrey addresses Cleveland Clinic staff". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
|Wikinews has related news: US clinic plans first face transplant|
- The Cleveland Clinic
- U.S. News & World Report – Best Hospitals 2007 Rankings
- U.S. News & World Report – Best Hospitals 2006 Rankings
- Facts & Figures about The Cleveland Clinic