William Peel, 1st Earl Peel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable
The Earl Peel
GCSI GBE PC TD
Earl Peel cropped.jpg
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
1 April 1921 – 19 March 1922
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by The Earl of Crawford
Succeeded by William Sutherland
Secretary of State for India
In office
19 March 1922 – 22 January 1924
Monarch George V
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Andrew Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu
Succeeded by The Lord Olivier
In office
18 October 1928 – 4 June 1929
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by The Earl of Birkenhead
Succeeded by William Wedgwood Benn
Personal details
Born 7 January 1867 (1867-01-07)
London
Died 28 September 1937 (1937-09-29)
East Meon, near Petersfield, Hampshire
Nationality British
Political party Liberal Unionist
Conservative
Spouse(s) Hon. Eleanor Williamson
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford
Lord Peel in the entrance of the King David Hotel, 1936.

William Robert Wellesley Peel, 1st Earl Peel GCSI, GBE, PC, TD (7 January 1867 – 28 September 1937) was a British politician.

Background and education[edit]

The eldest son of Arthur Wellesley Peel, 1st Viscount Peel and Adelaide Dugdale, Peel was born in London in 1867. His father was the fifth and youngest son of Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel. He was educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford,[1] where he was secretary of the Oxford Union.[2] In 1893 he was called to the bar at the Inner Temple, and practised as a barrister before taking the position of special correspondent for the Daily Telegraph during the Greco-Turkish War of 1897.[1][2]

Political career[edit]

In 1900 Peel was appointed a member of the Royal Commission formed to inquire into the operation of the Port of London. In the same year he began his political career when he was elected to the London County Council.[1] He was a member of the pro-Conservative grouping on the council that became the Municipal Reform Party. He was leader of the Party from 1908 to 1910 and chairman of the county council from 1914 to 1916.[1][2] He had begun his Parliamentary career when he was elected as Liberal Unionist MP for Manchester South at a by-election. At the next general election in 1906 he stood unsuccessfully at Harrow. He returned to the Commons in 1909, when elected as Conservative MP for Taunton at a by-election.[2] He inherited his father's viscountcy in 1912, and moved to the House of Lords.

Peel was appointed a Deputy lieutenant of Bedfordshire[3] and lieutenant-colonel of the Bedfordshire Yeomanry in 1912, and on the outbreak of the First World War moved to France with his regiment. Due to ill health he returned to Britain in 1915. In 1918 he received his first government post as Joint Parliamentary Secretary at the Department of National Service. In 1919 he became Under-Secretary of State for War and a member of the Privy Council.[1][2] Two years later he became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for Transport.

He entered the cabinet in 1922 as Secretary of State for India as part of the coalition government of David Lloyd-George but continued in the post after the downfall of the Coalition during the premierships of Bonar Law and Baldwin. Baldwin's Government fell in January 1924, but after a brief spell in opposition was returned to power at the 1924 General Election. Peel was appointed First Commissioner of Works in the Conservative administration formed by Stanley Baldwin. In 1928 he briefly returned to the India Office before the Conservatives lost power at 1929 general election.[2] The latter year he was created Viscount Clanfield, of Clanfield in the County of Southampton, and Earl Peel in the Dissolution Honours.[1] When a Conservative-dominated National Government was formed after the 1931 election he became Lord Privy Seal. He only held this office for two months, leaving government in November.[2]

In 1932 he was appointed chairman of the Wheat Commission, and in 1934 chaired the Royal Commission on the Common Law.[2] In 1936-1937 Lord Peel was the chairman of the Peel Commission which presented for the first time in its period the British Mandate of Palestine as the solution of partition for the Jewish - Arab conflict in Palestine.[2]

Family[edit]

Lord Peel married the Hon. Eleanor, daughter of James Williamson, 1st Baron Ashton, in 1899. They had two children. In 1929 Lord Ashton died and Peel succeeded him as chairman of James Williamson and Company. He was also a director of Barclays Bank and of the Great Northern Railway.[1][2] Lord Peel died aged 70 at his home in East Meon, near Petersfield, Hampshire in 1937 after a long illness.[1][2] He was succeeded in his titles by his son, Arthur.

References[edit]

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Lord Peel, Family Tradition Of Statesmanship, The Times, September 30, 1937, p. 14
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Alex May (2004). "Peel, William Robert Wellesley, first Earl Peel (1867–1937)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28638. p. 6288. 23 August 1912.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Marquess of Lorne
Member of Parliament for Manchester South
19001906
Succeeded by
Arthur Haworth
Preceded by
Sir Edward Boyle, Bt
Member of Parliament for Taunton
19091912
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Wills, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
Cyril Cobb
Chairman of the London County Council
1914 – 1915
Succeeded by
Cyril Jackson
Preceded by
The Earl of Crawford
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Sir William Sutherland
Preceded by
Eric Campbell Geddes
Minister of Transport
1921–1922
Succeeded by
The Earl of Crawford
Preceded by
Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu
Secretary of State for India
1922–1924
Succeeded by
The Lord Olivier
Preceded by
Frederick William Jowett
First Commissioner of Works
1924–1928
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Londonderry
Preceded by
The Earl of Birkenhead
Secretary of State for India
1928–1929
Succeeded by
William Wedgwood Benn
Preceded by
Thomas Johnston
Lord Privy Seal
1931
Succeeded by
The Lord Snowden
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl Peel
1929–1937
Succeeded by
Arthur Peel
Preceded by
Arthur Wellesley Peel
Viscount Peel
1912–1937