Wilmore, Pennsylvania

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Wilmore, Pennsylvania
Borough
Wilmore, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Wilmore, Pennsylvania
Wilmore, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°23′14″N 78°43′05″W / 40.38722°N 78.71806°W / 40.38722; -78.71806Coordinates: 40°23′14″N 78°43′05″W / 40.38722°N 78.71806°W / 40.38722; -78.71806
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Cambria
Settled 1831
Incorporated 1859
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 1,556 ft (474 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 252
 • Density 745.7/sq mi (287.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15962
Area code(s) 814

Wilmore is a borough in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 252 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Wilmore is located about 17.5 miles (28.2 km) WSW of Altoona, Pennsylvania.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 405
1870 393 −3.0%
1880 310 −21.1%
1890 350 12.9%
1900 264 −24.6%
1910 314 18.9%
1920 438 39.5%
1930 346 −21.0%
1940 410 18.5%
1950 390 −4.9%
1960 339 −13.1%
1970 386 13.9%
1980 299 −22.5%
1990 277 −7.4%
2000 252 −9.0%
2010 225 −10.7%
Est. 2012 222 −1.3%
Sources:[1][2][3]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 252 people, 89 households, and 64 families residing in the borough. The population density was 745.7 people per square mile (286.2/km²). There were 96 housing units at an average density of 284.1 per square mile (109.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 100.00% White.

There were 89 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the borough the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 14.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,719, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $30,357 versus $17,813 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $12,075. About 4.8% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 5.0% of those sixty five or over.

History[edit]

In the book Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania by William J. Switala. Switala makes reference to Wilmore, Pennsylvania being a part of this anti slavery movement. - Johnstown -Wilmore-Ebensburg-Burnside Route. "From Johnstown, the fugitive slaves moved northeasterly through the heavily wooded valleys and gullies of the Appalacian Mountains. The more well known of the two routes … proceeds from Johnstown all the way to Ebensburg, following the trace that eventually became I-219. Blockson mentions a stop along the route at the hamlet of Wilmore, a small black community located about eight miles south of Ebensburg and near Portage. Godfrey Wilmore, a former slave from Maryland, is reported to have founded the community."

Godfrey Wilmore was born 1751 in or near Cumberland, Allegheny County, Maryland [8] and died April 2, 1815 in Wilmore, Pennsylvania; buried St. Michael’s Cemetery, Loretto, Pennsylvania. Godfrey married Mary Higgins, who was born 1747 in Ireland and died Aug 28, 1822 in Wilmore, PA; buried St. Michael’s Cemetery, Loretto, Pennsylvania.

Godfrey was a freed slave of African descent. Mary was either an indentured servant or a redemptioner and was of Irish descent. Both his and Mary Higgins’ servitude was documented within Harford County, Maryland. Godfrey is said to have been a man of above average intellect, who could read and write. This is referenced numerous times within Cambria County, Pennsylvania documents by the notation that Godfrey Wilmore wrote the document and witnessed it by his signature, whereas the other parties sign by their mark “ X “. In that he was a slave, the fact that he could read and write is remarkable and suggests that he may have been a “house slave” or a supervisory slave laborer. Even more remarkable is that it is further said that he was an energetic man who worked enough extra, outside of his servitude, that he was able to buy his freedom. Documents go on to say that he then bought the remaining time of indentured servitude of his white wife Mary Higgins. Further it is also noted that due to his education, Godfrey becomes the first teacher in the area that surrounds Wilmore Pennsylvania.

According to the "Souvenir of St. Michael's Parish, Loretto, Pa." - On or about 1800 (?), this family traveled from Harford Co., Maryland, along the Conocacheague Valley (pronounced by the early settlers Con-eck e-jig), west word through Cumberland, Maryland, and eventually coming to settle in a place then known as "Jimmy Rhey Place" (1909- John Mangus resides). This Family was a charter pioneer in the formation of Summerhill Township (1810) and very likely a charter pioneer in the formation of Cambria County (1804). The family moved but once more, to a farm approx. 1 mile south of the town of Wilmore (1909- James H. White Farm). Godfrey built the first sawmill in this section of the County on the Little Conemaugh River, below the town of Wilmore, Pennsylvania. This water driven saw mill was subsequently washed away and rebuilt about 800 yards east of the present (1910) Pennsylvania Railroad Depot. Mary (Higgins) Wilmore was a Catholic. Godfrey Wilmore, on the other hand, was a Baptist and well acquainted with the Sacred Scriptures. Father Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin, a Catholic priest, who was a former Russian prince, visited the Wilmore household with a view to reconciling the differences of religion within the family and it was said that they had many earnest, controversial conversations, which eventually resulted in Godfrey's conversion to Catholicism.

In 1829, Sylvester Welch's Corps of Engineers was running the lines of the Allegheny Portage Railroad through Summerhill Township and they came across “… a little village which they marked on their map "Guinea", an appellation which the Irish laborers who built the road adopted until the matter was made a subject of complaint to Fr. Gallitzin, who from the altar denounced this insult to a family for whom he had the greatest respect.

It was said that he Father Gallitzin would chastise any person who would call the town by that opprobrious name and he declared that it should be known as Jefferson..." in honor of our third President. This is further referenced within the will of Bernard Wilmore, the oldest son of Godfrey and Mary Wilmore, that he lists the town of Jefferson as his home.

It was Bernard, with the help of his nephew Martin Wilmore (son of James and Catharine Wilmore) who laid out the town-site of then Guinea, changing the name, because of the promptings of Father Gallitzin, to Jefferson (June 4, 1831). On June 10, 1831 the contract was let for Section 15 of the Old Portage Railroad, which ran through Jefferson. By the time of its completion in 1834.

Jefferson, as the name of the town, never caught on. The 6th Post Office in the County, established in Aug. 1832 along with the train depot were forever referred to, by the residents, as Wilmore's Post Office and Wilmore's Station respectively. In 1859 the town was formally incorporated into a Borough under the name of Wilmore and there were 20 homes.

Mary Wilmore,who was a daughter of Godfrey and Mary Wilmore, married James Young. He was educated, could read and write and was a contractor and the person who built St. Bartholomew's Church- the present day Gothic structure in Wilmore which replaced the small stone church. St. Bartholomew's Church was built in 1854. Even though Bernard Wilmore, at the time of his death (1844), had left a small parcel of land, in the center of town, to Father Gallitzin to be used as a church. Father Gallitzin's executors sold the property and it is currently where the Evangelical Lutheran Church now stands.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.