Wind farm management

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Wind farm management covers the operation and maintenance and administration of wind farms.

Wind power managing owners[edit]

Over the past few years the global trend is toward public utilities and large Independent Power Producers (IPPs) developing and owning large scale (normally about 20 to 500 MW) wind farms. Wind power managing owners, along with other financing parties and equity partners, typically sell the electricity generated from wind farms to other public utilities under long-term (typically 20 years) Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) where they receive a fixed or annually adjusted price for the electricity. Renewable energy incentives (which vary by country) also play a role in the revenue stream of a managing owner.

Largest managing owners in the world[edit]

According to the April 2008 press release from Emerging Energy Research,[1] Spain-based Iberdrola (with its acquisition of Scottish Power and its 2nd-ranking U.S. developer PPM Energy) surpassed U.S.-based FPL Energy to become the world's largest wind owner with over 6,900 MW of capacity. After Iberdrola and FPL, the largest wind owners in the world are Energias de Portugal (EDP), Spain-based Acciona, Australian investment bank Babcock & Brown, Longyuan, German utility E.ON, Spanish utility Endesa, U.K.-based IPP International Power, and EDF Energies Nouvelles.

Largest managing owners in the U.S.[edit]

The largest wind power managing owners in the United States as of May 2008 are given in the table below:[2]

Managing Owner MW under managing ownership
FPL Energy 5076.5
Iberdrola 1644.5
Horizon-EdP 1142.2
Babcock & Brown 1120
MidAmerican 933
AES 716.1
Edison Mission Group 562.9
enXco 511.7
Invenergy 448.5
Puget Sound Energy 378
Caithness 346
Shell 317
AEP 310.5
Catamount Energy 283.1
E.On (formerly Airtricity) 1420
Last Mile Electric Coop 204.7

Research and development[edit]

Despite growing worldwide demand for wind energy, present wind technology is not optimized and there are still significant challenges. Most of the research has occurred in industry, and is not always easily shared. According to a research agenda from a coalition of researchers from universities, industry, and government, supported by the Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future, wind energy research requires a drastic transformation. According to the report:

The gains that we are seeking require new innovations in fluid dynamics, control, materials, manufacturing, structures, and electric power distribution, as well of new ways of engaging the public in appreciating and accepting this technology, the associated transmission infrastructure and its effects on reducing climate change. Design and analysis tools need to be developed. Common computer codes need to be shared and refined in an open collegial way that cannot occur in industry. Researchers need to disseminate, debate, and share results openly, accelerating innovation in the subject.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Press Releases - Emerging Energy
  2. ^ rankings draft 1.indd
  3. ^ Zehnder and Warhaft, Alan and Zellman. "University Collaboration on Wind Energy". Cornell University. Retrieved 17 August 2011.