Downtown Winnfield is known for its wide streets.
|Elevation||128 ft (39 m)|
|Area||3.3 sq mi (8.5 km2)|
|- land||3.3 sq mi (9 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||1,733.4 / sq mi (669.3 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Winnfield is a small city in and the parish seat of Winn Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 4,840 at the 2010 census. The population had been 5,749 at the 2000 census. It has long been associated with the Long faction of the Louisiana Democratic Party and was home to three governors of Louisiana.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.6 km²), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,749 people, 2,172 households, and 1,446 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,733.4 people per square mile (668.6/km²). There were 2,554 housing units at an average density of 770.1 per square mile (297.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.29% White, 49.83% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.
There were 2,172 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 24.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $19,342, and the median income for a family was $25,201. Males had a median income of $27,123 versus $14,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,180. About 25.2% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.5% of those under age 18 and 28.9% of those age 65 or over.
When Winn Parish was officially formed by the state legislature in 1852, Winnfield was established as the parish seat. During the Civil War, the area around Winnfield was the site of some minor skirmishes. Confederate forces defeated a Union detachment sent to destroy the salt works in the area. Many Civil War bandits made the region their home. Among these were the West and Kimbrill Clans which at one time included the Frank & Jesse James.
Winnfield was the home of three Louisiana governors: Huey "Kingfish" Long, Oscar K. Allen and Earl K. Long. Huey became Governor, U.S. Senator, and challenged Franklin Roosevelt for Presidency in 1932. He was killed in 1935. O.K. Allen was elected governor in 1932. Earl "the Louisiana Longshot" held more state jobs than any other Louisianan and was elected governor in 1939, 1948 and 1956. He was elected to Congress in 1960 but died before he could assume office.
Winn Parish School Board operates local public schools.
Schools serving Winnfield include:
- 9-12:Winnfield Senior High School (Unincorporated area)
- 6-8: Winnfield Middle School (Unincorporated area)
- 4-5: Winnfield Intermediate School (Winnfield)
- 1-3: Winnfield Primary School (Winnfield)
- PK-K: Winnfield Kindergarten School (Winnfield)
- Louisiana Technical College—Huey P. Long campus
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- Winn Parish Enterprise
- KVCL-FM 92.1
- Morris N. Abrams - educator
- Oscar K. Allen - Governor of Louisiana
- Bryant W. Bailey - politician
- Harriet Belchic - Republican politician
- James W. Bolton - banker in Alexandria, Louisiana
- Harley Bozeman - tree farmer, politician, historian, confidant of Huey and Earl Long
- Ossie Brown - district attorney
- P. J. Brown - professional basketball player
- James R. Fannin - Louisiana state representative
- Gerald Long - Louisiana state senator
- Gillis William Long - member of the United States House of Representatives
- Earl K. Long - Governor of Louisiana
- Huey Pierce Long, Jr. - Governor of Louisiana
- Charlton Lyons - "father of the modern Republican Party in Louisiana"
- Floyd W. Smith, Jr. - mayor of Pineville, Louisiana
- Kenneth Michael "Mike" Smith - member of the Louisiana State Senate
- P.K. Smith - member of the Louisiana House of Representatives
- Anthony Thomas - professional American football player
- William Stewart Walker - Major, United States Army
- Lil Snupe - Rap Artist who was signed to Dream Chasers Records
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "The City of Winnfield, Louisiana welcomes you to our home on the world wide web." City of Winnfield. Retrieved on February 10, 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Internet Movie Database".
- "Abrams, Morris Newton". Louisiana Historical Association, A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.org). Retrieved December 24, 2010.
- Harley Bozeman obituary, Winn Parish Enterprise-News-American, May 20, 1971
- Advocate Obituaries: Ossie Brown", Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, August 30, 2008: http://www.legacy.com/theadvocate/DeathNotices.asp?Page=Lifestory&PersonId=116574977
- "Charlton H. Lyons," Louisiana Historical Association, A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, Vol. 1 (1988), pp. 528-529
- "Bret H. McCormick, "Floyd W. Smith, Jr., former mayor of Pineville, dies at 77"". Alexandria Daily Town Talk. Retrieved February 12, 2010.[dead link]
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