World Golf Championships
The World Golf Championships (WGC) are a group of four annual events for professional golfers created by the International Federation of PGA Tours. All four WGC tournaments are official money events on the PGA Tour, European Tour, and the Japan Golf Tour, and officially sanctioned by the Asian Tour, Sunshine Tour, and PGA Tour of Australasia.
All four WGC events exceed the major championships in prize money. In the pantheon of golf events, some rank WGCs immediately below the major championships and above all other competitions; however, others would put The Players Championship, the so-called "Fifth Major," above WGC events. The winner of a WGC event earns a three year PGA Tour exemption.
|WGC-Cadillac Championship (1999–)||Stroke play|
|WGC-Cadillac Match Play Championship (1999–)||Match play|
|WGC-Bridgestone Invitational (1999–)||Stroke play|
|WGC-HSBC Champions (2009–)||Stroke play|
The first three events all began in 1999, although the Bridgestone Invitational is the direct successor of the World Series of Golf, which began in 1976.
The Cadillac Championship originally travelled to different venues around the world. After 2006 it superseded the Doral Open, a long-standing event at the Doral Resort in Florida.
In April 2011, the Sunshine Tour announced that it would host a fifth WGC event. The event, to be known as the Tournament of Hope, was to be linked to awareness of poverty and HIV/AIDS in Africa. In early 2012 it was announced that the tournament would be played in 2013. However later in 2012 it was announced that the tournament would be played but that it would not be a WGC event. The event never took place.
The WGC concept was introduced to create a larger group of golf tournaments with a high global profile by bringing the leading golfers from different tours together on a more regular basis, rather than just for the major championships. At the time the publicity spoke of a "World Tour" which might develop on the basis of the World Championships and the majors. That concept seems to have been dropped, but the four events usually attract entries from almost all of the elite players who are eligible to compete and they rank among the most prestigious and high profile events outside of the majors. The prize money on offer is very close to being the highest for any professional golf tournament. Winners generally receive 70 to 78 Official World Golf Ranking Points, the most awarded for any tournament apart from the major championships, which carry 100 points, and The Players Championship, which is allocated 80. Tiger Woods has dominated these tournaments, winning 16 of the first 32 events and winning at least one event each year from 1999 to 2009.
From 2000 to 2006 the men's golf World Cup, a tournament for teams of two players representing their country, was a World Golf Championship event, although it was not an official money event on any tour. Beginning in 2007 it is no longer part of the World Golf Championships, but it is still played, and is currently known as the Mission Hills World Cup.
From 2000 to 2006 most years two or three of the four events were staged in the United States and one or two were staged elsewhere. Starting in 2007, all three of the individual World Golf Championships events were played in the United States, which attracted criticism from some golfers, including Tiger Woods and Ernie Els, and in the media outside the United States. PGA Tour Commissioner Tim Finchem responded by insisting that playing in the U.S is best for golf as more money can be made there than elsewhere. This criticism has been muted since the 2009 elevation of the HSBC Champions, held in China, to full WGC status.
|Woods, TigerTiger Woods||United States||18||3: 2003, 2004, 2008||7: 1999, 2002, 2003,
2005, 2006, 2007, 2013
|8: 1999, 2000, 2001, 2005,
2006, 2007, 2009, 2013
|Ogilvy, GeoffGeoff Ogilvy||Australia||3||2: 2006, 2009||1: 2008||—||—|
|Clarke, DarrenDarren Clarke||Northern Ireland||2||1: 2000||—||1: 2003||—|
|Els, ErnieErnie Els||South Africa||2||—||2: 2004, 2010||—||—|
|Mahan, HunterHunter Mahan||United States||2||1: 2012||—||1: 2010||—|
|Mickelson, PhilPhil Mickelson||United States||2||—||1: 2009||—||1: 2009|
|Poulter, IanIan Poulter||England||2||1: 2010||—||—||1: 2012|
- Note: The World Cup did not count as individual wins, so it is not mentioned here as a part of this table.
|Nation||Total wins||Team wins||Individual wins||Individual winners|
Notes and references
- "Asian event joins elite WGC list". BBC Sport. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "Sunshine Tour announces major coup for SA golf" (Press release). Sunshine Tour. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- "Tournament of Hope in South Africa to join World Golf Championships". PGA of America. Associated Press. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "South Africa to host $8.5M event". ESPN. Associated Press. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- Prior to 2007, the official points allocations were half of these values, but points won in the current year were given a weighting of 2 in the ranking calculation. The system was revised in 2007, so that points are now given an initial weighting of 1, which then tapers to zero over a two-year period starting 13 weeks after the award.
- PGA Tour chief defends US dates