Xiluodu Dam

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Xiluodu Dam
Xiluodu Dam is located in China
Xiluodu Dam
Location of Xiluodu Dam
Official name 溪洛渡大坝
Location Xiluodu Town, Yongshan County, Yunnan/Leibo County Sichuan, China
Coordinates 28°15′35.46″N 103°38′58.20″E / 28.2598500°N 103.6495000°E / 28.2598500; 103.6495000Coordinates: 28°15′35.46″N 103°38′58.20″E / 28.2598500°N 103.6495000°E / 28.2598500; 103.6495000
Construction began December 2005
Opening date July 2013
Construction cost US$6.2 billion
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Double-curvature arch, concrete
Impounds Jinsha River
Height 285.5 m (937 ft)[1][2]
Length 700 m (2,300 ft)
Elevation at crest 610 m (2,000 ft)
Spillway type 7 x crest floodgates, 7 x orifices, 4 x tunnels
Spillway capacity 32,278 m3/s (1,139,900 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Xiluodu Reservoir
Total capacity 12,670,000,000 cubic metres (10,270,000 acre·ft)
Active capacity 6,460,000,000 cubic metres (5,240,000 acre·ft)
Catchment area 454,400 km2 (175,400 sq mi)
Normal elevation 600 m (2,000 ft)
Power station
Name Xiluodu Hydropower Station
Operator(s) China Yangtze Power
Commission date 2013–2014
Turbines 18 x 770 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 13,860 MW
Annual generation 57.1 TWh (est.)

The Xiluodu Dam (simplified Chinese: 溪洛渡大坝; traditional Chinese: 溪洛渡大壩; pinyin: Xīluòdù Dàbà) is an arch dam on the Jinsha River, i.e. the upper course of the Yangtze River in China. It is located near the town of Xiluodu in Yongshan County of Yunnan Province but the dam straddles into Leibo County of Sichuan Province on the opposite side of the river. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 13,860 MW. Additionally, the dam provides for flood control, silt control and its regulated water releases are intended to improve navigation downstream. Construction on the dam and power station began in 2005 and the first generator was commissioned in 2013, the last in 2014. It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the second-largest power station in China along with the fourth tallest dam in the world.[3][4]

Background[edit]

Preliminary construction (roads, bridges, tunnels) for the dam began in 2003 and work on main structures officially commenced on 26 December 2005. In November 2007, the Jinsha was successfully diverted around the construction site, allowing the dam to be built. Concrete pouring began in 2008.[5] The reservoir was impounded in May 2013 and the first of 18 770 MW Francis turbine-generators was commissioned on 15 July 2013.[6] The fourteenth generator was commissioned in April 2014.[7] The eighteenth and final generator was commissioned on 30 June 2014.[3]

Design[edit]

The Xiluodu is a 285.5 m (937 ft) tall and 700 m (2,300 ft) long double-curvature arch dam. It is the third tallest arch dam in the world and a key component of the Jinsha River Project. It withholds a reservoir of 12,670,000,000 cubic metres (10,270,000 acre·ft) of which 6,460,000,000 cubic metres (5,240,000 acre·ft) is considered active storage for power generation. The dam contains several spillways to include seven surface outlets, eight mid-level orifices and four spillway tunnels. All spillways afford a maximum discharge of 32,278 m3/s (1,139,900 cu ft/s).[8] The dam's power station is split into two underground power stations, one located behind the right abutment, the second behind the left abutment. Each power station contains nine 770 MW Francis turbine-generators for a total installed capacity of 13,860 MW.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Xiluodu Dam, Jinsha River, China". Water Technology. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Xiluodu Hydropower Station to Benefit Hunan with its Digitized Operation". Hunan Provincial People's Government. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "China's second-largest hydropower station in full operation". Xinhua. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in China - Yunnan". Indust Cards. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Xiluodu Dam, Jinsha River, China". Water Technology. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Xiluodu Hydropower first unit formal grid" (in Chinese). Polaris News. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "03 April 2014 - China Three Gorges starts 14th unit at 13.9 GW Xiluodu dam (China)". EnerData. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  8. ^ Lu Youmei (11 January 2012). "Key technologies for the construction of the Xiluodu high arch dam on the Jinsha River in the development of hydropower in western China". China Three Gorges Corporation. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Xiluodu". Chinese National Committee on Large Dams. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 

External links[edit]