Yolanda of Flanders

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Yolanda of Flanders
Spouse(s) Peter II of Courtenay
Noble family House of Hainaut
Father Baldwin V, Count of Hainault
Mother Margaret I of Flanders
Born 1175
Died 1219

Yolanda of Flanders (in French, Yolande de Hainaut; 1175–1219) ruled the Latin Empire in Constantinople for her son Philip of Namur from 1217 to 1219.[1]

Biography[edit]

Yolanda was the daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Hainault, and Countess Margaret I of Flanders. Two of her brothers, Baldwin I and then Henry, were emperors in Constantinople. After the death of the latter in 1216 there was a brief period without an emperor, before Peter was elected. Peter sent Yolanda to Constantinople while he fought the Despotate of Epirus, during which he was captured. Because his fate was unknown (although he was probably killed), Yolanda ruled as regent. She allied with the Bulgarians against the various Byzantine successor states, and was able to make peace with Theodore I Lascaris of the Empire of Nicaea, who married her daughter. However, she soon died, in 1219.

Family and legacy[edit]

Following Yolanda's death, her second son, Robert of Courtenay, became emperor because her oldest son, Philip, did not want the throne.[1] As Robert was still in France at the time, there was technically no emperor until he arrived in 1221.

Yolanda was, in her own right, Marchioness of Namur, which she inherited from her brother, Marquis Philip I, in 1212 and left to her eldest son, Marquis Philip II, when she went to Constantinople in 1216.

By Peter of Courtenay she had 10 children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Donald M. Nicol, The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261-1453, (Cambridge University Press, 2002), 12.
Yolanda of Flanders
House of Hainaut
Cadet branch of the House of Flanders
Born: 1175 Died: 1219
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip I
Marchioness of Namur
1212–1217
Vacant
Title next held by
Philip II
Preceded by
Peter II of Courtenay
Latin Emperess of Constantinople
1217–1219
Vacant
Title next held by
Robert
Royal titles
Previous:
Maria of Bulgaria
Latin Empress consort
of Constantinople

1216–1217
Vacant
Title next held by
Lady of Neuville