||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013)|
St Nicholas` Church
|Elevation||290 m (951 ft)|
|- elevation||321 m (1,053 ft)|
|- elevation||210 m (689 ft)|
|Area||65.93 km2 (25.46 sq mi)|
|Population||34,073 (As of 1.1.2012[update])|
|Density||517 / km2 (1,339 / sq mi)|
|Mayor||Ing. Vlastimil Gabrhel|
|Postal code||669 02|
|Wikimedia Commons: Znojmo|
Znojmo (Czech pronunciation: [ˈznojmo]; German: Znaim) is a city in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, near the border with Lower Austria, connected to Vienna by railway and road (80 minutes). The royal city of Znojmo was founded shortly before 1226 by King Ottokar I on the plains in front of Znojmo Castle. The city is situated on a rock outcropping on the steep left bank of the Dyje River.
Notable events and persons
It was inhabited by Germans since Czech kings called them into Bohemia in the High Middle Ages. The German Citizens were expelled in 1945 according to the Benes Decrees.
Znojmo is best known for the armistice concluded there in 1809 after the Battle of Wagram between Napoleon and the archduke Charles. It is also the (alleged) birthplace of Leopold Loyka, the driver of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand's car when Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo 1914, an event which triggered the First World War. After the war, it was part of Czechoslovakia except German occupation between 1938 and 1945. During the period, it was part of Reichsgau_Niederdonau.
The Gothic Church of St. Nicholas and the Late Gothic Town Hall tower are the most recognizable landmarks. St Nicolas` Church was built in 1348 by Emperor Charles IV, and the town hall, with its 75 m (250 ft) tower, dates from around 1446.
Overlooking the Dyje River valley, on the edge of the medieval city, there is Znojmo Castle, dating back to 11th century, founded by Přemyslid dukes. The only remains of the castle used by the Přemysl dukes is the Romanesque Rotunda of Saint Catherine, the interior of which is covered with 11th-century frescoes depicting biblical scenes and illustrating the life of Přemysl.
Under the city and castle is a vast labyrinth of connected passageways and cellars, Znojmo Catacombs, developed in the 14th and 15th century for defensive purposes and containing wells, drainage, fireplaces, trap doors and escapeways that led beyond the fortifications of the city.
Václav Prokop Diviš (26 March 1698 – 25 December 1765) was a Czech priest, theologian and natural scientist, pioneer of electronic music and the constructor of the first electric musical instrument Denis d'or.
Květoslav Svoboda (born in Znojmo on 25 August 1982) - Czech swimmer, took part in many competitions including the Olympic Games 2000 and 2004.
- "The City of Znojmo". The City of Znojmo. Retrieved August 12, 2010.
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