Çiçek Pasajı

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The main entrance of Çiçek Pasajı (Cité de Péra) on İstiklal Avenue
The row of restaurants facing the main entrance on İstiklal Avenue
Looking up towards the glass cupola and roof above the atrium

Çiçek Pasajı (Turkish: Flower Passage), originally called the Cité de Péra, is a famous historic passage (galleria or arcade) on İstiklal Avenue in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul, Turkey. A covered arcade with rows of historic cafes, winehouses and restaurants, it connects İstiklal Avenue with Sahne Street and has a side entrance opening onto the Balık Pazarı (Fish Market).

History[edit]

The site of Çiçek Pasajı was originally occupied by the Naum Theatre, which was severely damaged by the Fire of Pera in 1870.[1][2][3][4] The theatre was frequently visited by Sultans Abdülaziz and Abdülhamid II, and hosted Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore before the opera houses of Paris.[4]

After the fire of 1870, the theatre was purchased by Ottoman Greek banker Hristaki Zoğrafos Efendi, and in 1876 architect Kleanthis Zannos designed the current building, which was called Cité de Péra or Hristaki Pasajı (Hristaki Passage) in its early years.[4] Yorgo'nun Meyhanesi (Yorgo's Winehouse) was the first winehouse to be opened in the passage.[4]

In 1908, Grand Vizier Mehmed Said Pasha purchased the building, and it became known as the Sait Paşa Pasajı (Said Pasha Passage).[4]

Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, a number of impoverished noble Russian women, including a baroness, opened flower shops here.[4] By the 1940s the building was mostly occupied by flower shops, hence the present Turkish name Çiçek Pasajı (Flower Passage).[4]

After the restoration of the building in 1988, it was reopened as a galleria of pubs and restaurants.[4]

Çiçek Pasajı in İstanbul after repainting, January 2022

The most recent restoration was made in December 2005[4] although it was repainted again in 2022.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Emre Aracı: "Naum Tiyatrosu - 19.Yüzyıl İstanbul’unun İtalyan Operası". Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul, 2010. ISBN 978-975-08-1801-1
  2. ^ Vatan: "Paris’in Garnier’si neyse, İstanbul için de Naum Tiyatrosu oydu" by Buket Aşçı, 16 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Oynakbeyi.com: Naum Tiyatrosu Archived 2014-02-02 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Çiçek Pasajı: History Archived 2012-08-12 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°2′2.2″N 28°58′40.5″E / 41.033944°N 28.977917°E / 41.033944; 28.977917