|Traditional region||Upper Carniola|
|Statistical region||Upper Carniola|
|Elevation||420 m (1,380 ft)|
Šmarjetna Gora (pronounced [ʃmaɾˈjeːtna ˈɡɔːɾa]; in older sources also Šent Marjetina Gora, German: Sankt Margarethen) is a former settlement in the Municipality of Kranj in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia. Šmarjetna Gora was a dispersed settlement on the southern and eastern slopes of Mount Saint Margaret (Slovene: Šmarjetna gora) west of the Sava River. It is now part of the city of Kranj.
The settlement of Šmarjetna Gora and the hill were both named after the church at the top of the hill, which is dedicated to Saint Margaret (Slovene: sveta Marjeta). The name Šmarjetna Gora literally means 'Saint Margaret's mountain'. The adjective form Šmarjetna developed through contraction of the informal name of the saint: *šent Marjeta > *Šn̩t-marjeta > *Šm̩marjeta > Šmarjeta. In the past the German name was Sankt Margarethen.
The hamlet of Gradišče on the southwest slope of the hill has the remnants of prehistoric structures, attesting to early settlement of Šmarjetna Gora. During the Middle Ages, Šmarjetna Gora was a property of the Bishopric of Freising, which planted vineyards here. The vineyards were maintained until the 16th century, when they were converted into fields. In the 12th century, the Counts of Ortenburg built Wartenburg Castle on a cliff below the hill. This represented a threat to the Dominion of Škofja Loka, and so Bishop Oton purchased it in 1282 and had it razed. The Ortenburgs later restored the castle and carried out raids against Okroglo and Stražišče, which belonged to the Bishopric of Freising. Wartenburg Castle is now a ruin. Near the castle there was an auxiliary building resembling a manor; it had a turret and bore the year 1653, but was destroyed in the 1895 earthquake. Saint Peter’s Manor (Slovene: Šentpeterski grad)—also known as Schrottenturn Manor (Slovene: Šrotenturn, German: Schrottenthurn) and Detela Manor (Slovene: Detelova graščina)—was built at the foot of the hill in 1537 by the bishops of Freising, and the door casing bears the year 1574. The adjacent Saint Peter’s Chapel was built around 1500. During the Reformation, Lutherans gathered at the manor, and it contains the graves of the Protestant Siegersdorf family. After the Counter-Reformation, the chapel was remodeled and re-consecrated in 1645. It has a flat coffered ceiling and murals in the apse, a 1615 painting of the Holy Sepulchre by Matija Plainer, and a panel on the north wall describing the famine of 1817.
Notable people that were born or lived in Šmarjetna Gora include:
- Krajevni leksikon Dravske Banovine. 1937. Ljubljana: Zveza za tujski promet za Slovenijo, p. 249.
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 56.
- Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung, no. 141. 24 November 1849, p. 7.
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, pp. 160, 162.
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 415.
- Razširjeni seznam sprememb naselij od 1948 do 1964: preimenovanja, združevanja, odcepitve, pristavki, razglasitve in ukinitve. 1965. Ljubljana: Zavod SR Slovenije za statistiko, p. 108.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.