Ərəzin

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Ərəzin
Municipality
Ərəzin is located in Azerbaijan
Ərəzin
Ərəzin
Coordinates: 39°06′26″N 45°34′45″E / 39.10722°N 45.57917°E / 39.10722; 45.57917Coordinates: 39°06′26″N 45°34′45″E / 39.10722°N 45.57917°E / 39.10722; 45.57917
Country  Azerbaijan
Autonomous republic Nakhchivan
Rayon Julfa
Population (2005)[citation needed]
 • Total 1,873
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)

Ərəzin (also, Arazin and Arasin) is a village and municipality in the Julfa Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan. It is located 20 km in the north from the district center, on the right bank of the Alinjachay River, on the slope of the Zangezur ridge. Its population is busy with vine-growing, grain-growing and animal husbandry. There are secondary school, cultural house, two libraries, communication branch, kindergarten and a medical center in the village. It has a population of 1,873.[1]

Etymology[edit]

At the found cuneiform inscription in its area, is mentioned the toponym of "the city of Arsini" which resisted against to the Urartu attack. Researchers are suppose that the toponym of "Arsini" is related with the name of Arazin village near the slope of the Ilandağ Mount. Some researchers are believed that, the name made on the base of the word of Araz (Aras River) and suffix -an (it is dropped to the form of -in after phonetic changing).[2]

History[edit]

Its local population has been Azerbaijanis. In the letter of A. S. Griboedov to the gen. I. Paskevich was recorded about resettlement of the Armenians to here from Iran and Turkey since 1828.[1] According to the results of the population census cameral, launched in April 1829 and was ended in May 1832 by the leadership Ivan Ivanovich Chopin's, in the Arazin village of the Nakhchivan district of the Nakhchivan province of the Armenian Oblast (On March 16, 1828, according to the fifteenth paragraph of the Treaty of Turkmenchay, concluded on February 10, in 1828, the Armenians deported from Qajar Empire to the Azerbaijan), at 39 houses were lived 188 Armenians (91 men, 97 women) resettled to here from Iran.[3]

Historical and archaeological monuments[edit]

Arazin[edit]

Arazin - the medieval monument in the right side of the Nakhchivan-Arafsa highway, in the west from the same named village in the Julfa rayon. Its area is limited from the north-east and south-west by the Guruchay valley. Part of the monument discovered during construction works (1989) has been destroyed. A central part of the residence partly remained unharmed in 360 m2. At the result of the researches (1991), the surface materials (fragments of the labor tools, pieces of the glazed and unglazed ceramic pot in pink-colored, the baked brick, industrial waste and etc.) were discovered. In this part of the monument, the thickness of the cultural layer is preserved in 2 m. In the destroyed parts were found fire places filled with black ash. Among the findings, there is one hook made of copper.[1]

Arazin Necropolis[edit]

Arazin Necropolis - the archaeological monument of the Middle Ages in the north-east from the same named village in the Julfa rayon, in the left side of the Arazin-Jamaldin highway. It is located on the top of the high hill. During archaeological researches was identified that the graves have been directed towards the north-west. The unhewn plate stones in square-shaped were laid on the graves. The gravestones are remained. It is supposed that the Arazin necropolis belongs to the 16-18 centuries.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ANAS, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (2005). Nakhchivan Encyclopedia. volume I. Baku: ANAS. p. 194. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedic dictionary of Azerbaijan toponyms. In two volumes. Volume I. p. 304. Baku: "East-West". 2007. ISBN 978-9952-34-155-3.
  3. ^ Шопен Иван Иванович. "памятник состояния Армянской области в эпоху ее присоединения к Российской империи." Санкт-Петербург, Издательство: Типография Императорской Академии Наук, 1852 г. Оглавление: Часть III, Отделение III. Народонаселение, Глава шестая. Народонаселение, 2. Число народонаселение в настоящее время, Таблица народонаселения Армянской области, стр. 604-606