Ki (kana)

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ki
hiragana
japanese hirigana ki
katakana
japanese katakana ki
transliterationki き
translit. with dakutengi ぎ
translit. with handakuten(ngi)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
Man'yōgana支 伎 岐 企 棄 寸 吉 杵 來 貴 紀 記 奇 寄 忌 幾 木 城
Voiced Man'yōgana伎 祇 芸 岐 儀 蟻 疑 宜 義 擬
spelling kana切手のキ
(Kitte no "ki")
Note: These Man'yōgana originally represented syllables with one of two different vowel sounds, which merged in later pronunciation

, in hiragana, in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [ki] and are derived from a simplification of the kanji. The hiragana character き, like , is drawn with the lower line either connected or disconnected.

A dakuten may be added to the character; this transforms it into in hiragana, ギ in katakana, and gi in Hepburn romanization. The phonetic value also changes, to [ɡi] in initial, and varying between [ŋi] and [ɣi] in the middle of words.

A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ki in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋi].

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
ki
きい
きー
キイ
キー
Addition yōon ky-
(きゃ行 kya-gyō)
kya きゃ キャ
kyā きゃあ
きゃー
キャア
キャー
kyu きゅ キュ
kyū きゅう
きゅー
キュウ
キュー
kyo きょ キョ
kyō きょう
きょお
きょー
キョウ
キョオ
キョー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
gi
ぎい
ぎー
ギイ
ギー
Addition yōon and dakuten gy-
(ぎゃ行 gya-gyō)
gya ぎゃ ギャ
gyā ぎゃあ
ぎゃー
ギャア
ギャー
gyu ぎゅ ギュ
gyū ぎゅう
ぎゅー
ギュウ
ギュー
gyo ぎょ ギョ
gyō ぎょう
ぎょお
ぎょー
ギョウ
ギョオ
ギョー
Other additional forms
Form A (ky-)
Romaji ロマジ Hiragana ひらがな Katakanaカタカナ
kyi きぃ キィ
kye きぇ キェ
Form B (gy-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
gyi ぎぃ ギィ
gye ぎぇ ギェ

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing き
Stroke order in writing き
3, 4
Stroke order in writing キ
Stroke order in writing キ
3
Stroke order in writing き
Stroke order in writing キ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
切手のキ
Kitte no "Ki"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 6.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 2.svg

Ki-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠣
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-126
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
き / キ in Japanese Braille K + Yōon braille
き / キ
ki
ぎ / ギ
gi
きい / キー
ぎい / ギー
きゃ / キャ
kya
ぎゃ / ギャ
gya
きゃあ / キャー
kyā
ぎゃあ / ギャー
gyā
⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
K + Yōon braille
きゅ / キュ
kyu
ぎゅ / ギュ
gyu
きゅう / キュー
kyū
ぎゅう / ギュー
gyū
きょ / キョ
kyo
ぎょ / ギョ
gyo
きょう / キョー
kyō
ぎょう / ギョー
gyō
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)ku ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)ku ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)ku ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)ko ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)ko ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)ko ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)ko
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER KI KATAKANA LETTER KI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KI HIRAGANA LETTER GI KATAKANA LETTER GI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12365 U+304D 12461 U+30AD 65399 U+FF77 12366 U+304E 12462 U+30AE
UTF-8 227 129 141 E3 81 8D 227 130 173 E3 82 AD 239 189 183 EF BD B7 227 129 142 E3 81 8E 227 130 174 E3 82 AE
Numeric character reference き き キ キ キ キ ぎ ぎ ギ ギ
Shift JIS[1] 130 171 82 AB 131 76 83 4C 183 B7 130 172 82 AC 131 77 83 4D
EUC-JP[2] 164 173 A4 AD 165 173 A5 AD 142 183 8E B7 164 174 A4 AE 165 174 A5 AE
GB 18030[3] 164 173 A4 AD 165 173 A5 AD 132 49 151 57 84 31 97 39 164 174 A4 AE 165 174 A5 AE
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 173 AA AD 171 173 AB AD 170 174 AA AE 171 174 AB AE
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 177 C6 B1 199 69 C7 45 198 178 C6 B2 199 70 C7 46
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 198 243 C6 F3 199 169 C7 A9 198 244 C6 F4 199 170 C7 AA
Character information
Preview き゚ キ゚
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGI[8] KATAKANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGI[8] CIRCLED KATAKANA KI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12365 12442 U+304D+309A 12461 12442 U+30AD+309A 13014 U+32D6
UTF-8 227 129 141 227 130 154 E3 81 8D E3 82 9A 227 130 173 227 130 154 E3 82 AD E3 82 9A 227 139 150 E3 8B 96
Numeric character reference き゚ き゚ キ゚ キ゚ ㋖ ㋖
Shift JIS-2004[9] 130 246 82 F6 131 152 83 98
EUC-JIS-2004[10] 164 248 A4 F8 165 248 A5 F8
GB 18030[3] 129 57 210 50 81 39 D2 32

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  3. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  4. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  7. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  8. ^ a b Unicode Consortium. "Unicode Named Character Sequences". Unicode Character Database.
  9. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  10. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".

See also[edit]