Ko (kana)

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ko
transliterationko
translit. with dakutengo
translit. with handakuten(ngo)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana子供のコ
(Kodomo no "ko")

, in hiragana or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. Both represent IPA: [ko]. The shape of these kana comes from the kanji .

This character may be supplemented by a dakuten; it becomes ご in hiragana, ゴ in katakana and go in Hepburn romanization. Also, the pronunciation is affected, transforming into [ɡo] in initial positions and varying between [ŋo] and [ɣo] in the middle of words.

A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ko in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋo].

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
ko
kou
koo
こう
こお
こー
コウ
コオ
コー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
go
gou
goo
ごう
ごお
ごー
ゴウ
ゴオ
ゴー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing こ
Stroke order in writing こ
Stroke order in writing コ
Stroke order in writing コ
Stroke order in writing こ
Stroke order in writing コ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
子供のコ
Kodomo no "Ko"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 8.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 1.svg

Ko-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠪
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-246
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
こ / コ in Japanese Braille
こ / コ
ko
ご / ゴ
go
こう / コー
/kou
ごう / ゴー
/gou
Other kana based on Braille
きょ / キョ
kyo
ぎょ / ギョ
gyo
きょう / キョー
kyō/kyou
ぎょう / ギョー
gyō/gyou
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER KO KATAKANA LETTER KO HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KO HIRAGANA LETTER GO KATAKANA LETTER GO
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12371 U+3053 12467 U+30B3 65402 U+FF7A 12372 U+3054 12468 U+30B4
UTF-8 227 129 147 E3 81 93 227 130 179 E3 82 B3 239 189 186 EF BD BA 227 129 148 E3 81 94 227 130 180 E3 82 B4
Numeric character reference こ こ コ コ コ コ ご ご ゴ ゴ
Shift JIS[1] 130 177 82 B1 131 82 83 52 186 BA 130 178 82 B2 131 83 83 53
EUC-JP[2] 164 179 A4 B3 165 179 A5 B3 142 186 8E BA 164 180 A4 B4 165 180 A5 B4
GB 18030[3] 164 179 A4 B3 165 179 A5 B3 132 49 152 50 84 31 98 32 164 180 A4 B4 165 180 A5 B4
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 179 AA B3 171 179 AB B3 170 180 AA B4 171 180 AB B4
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 183 C6 B7 199 75 C7 4B 198 184 C6 B8 199 76 C7 4C
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 198 249 C6 F9 199 175 C7 AF 198 250 C6 FA 199 176 C7 B0
Character information
Preview こ゚ コ゚
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGO[8] KATAKANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGO[8] CIRCLED KATAKANA KO
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12371 12442 U+3053+309A 12467 12442 U+30B3+309A 13017 U+32D9
UTF-8 227 129 147 227 130 154 E3 81 93 E3 82 9A 227 130 179 227 130 154 E3 82 B3 E3 82 9A 227 139 153 E3 8B 99
Numeric character reference こ゚ こ゚ コ゚ コ゚ ㋙ ㋙
Shift JIS-2004[9] 130 246 82 F6 131 152 83 98
EUC-JIS-2004[10] 164 251 A4 FB 165 251 A5 FB

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  3. ^ Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  4. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  7. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  8. ^ a b Unicode Consortium. "Unicode Named Character Sequences". Unicode Character Database.
  9. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  10. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".

See also[edit]