Ya (kana)

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ya
transliterationya
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana大和のヤ Yamato no "ya"
unicodeU+3084, U+30E4
braille⠌

, in hiragana or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. The hiragana is written in three strokes, while the katakana is written in two. Both represent [ya]. Their shapes have origins in the character 也.

When small and preceded by an -i kana, this kana represents not a separate sound but a modification of that of another (see yōon).[1]

や can be used by itself as a grammatical particle to connect words in a nonexhaustive list (see Japanese particles#ya).

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal y-
(や行 ya-gyō)
ya
yaa
, yah
やあ, やぁ
やー
ヤア, ヤァ
ヤー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing や
Stroke order in writing や
Stroke order in writing ヤ
Stroke order in writing ヤ
Stroke order in writing や
Stroke order in writing ヤ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
大和のヤ
Yamato no "Ya"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 8.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 4.svg

⠌
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-34
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
や / ヤ in Japanese Braille
や / ヤ
ya
やあ / ヤー
ゃ/ャ
Yōon*
゛ゃ/゛ャ
Dakuten + Yōon*
゜ゃ/゜ャ
Handakuten + Yōon*
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)

* The yōon characters ゃ and ャ are encoded in Japanese Braille by prefixing "-a" kana (e.g. Ka, Sa) with a yōon braille indicator, which can be combined with the "Dakuten" or "Handakuten" braille indicators for the appropriate consonant sounds.

Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER YA KATAKANA LETTER YA HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER YA CIRCLED KATAKANA YA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12420 U+3084 12516 U+30E4 65428 U+FF94 13043 U+32F3
UTF-8 227 130 132 E3 82 84 227 131 164 E3 83 A4 239 190 148 EF BE 94 227 139 179 E3 8B B3
Numeric character reference や や ヤ ヤ ヤ ヤ ㋳ ㋳
Shift JIS[2] 130 226 82 E2 131 132 83 84 212 D4
EUC-JP[3] 164 228 A4 E4 165 228 A5 E4 142 212 8E D4
GB 18030[4] 164 228 A4 E4 165 228 A5 E4 132 49 154 56 84 31 9A 38
EUC-KR[5] / UHC[6] 170 228 AA E4 171 228 AB E4
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[7] 198 232 C6 E8 199 124 C7 7C
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[8] 199 107 C7 6B 199 224 C7 E0
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL YA KATAKANA LETTER SMALL YA HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SMALL YA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12419 U+3083 12515 U+30E3 65388 U+FF6C
UTF-8 227 130 131 E3 82 83 227 131 163 E3 83 A3 239 189 172 EF BD AC
Numeric character reference ゃ ゃ ャ ャ ャ ャ
Shift JIS[2] 130 225 82 E1 131 131 83 83 172 AC
EUC-JP[3] 164 227 A4 E3 165 227 A5 E3 142 172 8E AC
GB 18030[4] 164 227 A4 E3 165 227 A5 E3 132 49 150 56 84 31 96 38
EUC-KR[5] / UHC[6] 170 227 AA E3 171 227 AB E3
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[7] 198 231 C6 E7 199 123 C7 7B
Big5 (ETEN/> / HKSCS)[8] 199 106 C7 6A 199 223 C7 DF

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jim Gleeson (2013). "Contracted sounds". Japanese Hiragana: An Introductory Japanese Language Workbook. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462913978.
  2. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  3. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  4. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  5. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  6. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  7. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  8. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.