1631 in literature
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The year 1631 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- January 9 - Love's Triumph Through Callipolis, a masque written by Ben Jonson and designed by Inigo Jones, is staged at Whitehall Palace.
- January 11 - The Master of the Revels refuses to license Philip Massinger's new play, Believe as You List, because of its seditious content.
- February 22 - Chloridia, the year's second Jonson/Jones masque, is performed.
- June 10 - The King's Men perform Pericles, Prince of Tyre at the Globe Theatre.
- The young Blaise Pascal moves with his family to Paris.
- Thomas Hobbes is employed as a tutor by the Cavendish family, to teach the future Earl of Devonshire.
- Roger Williams arrives in Boston, Mass.
- Publication of the "Wicked Bible" by Robert Barker and Martin Lucas, the royal printers in London, an edition of the King James Version of the Bible in which a typesetting erratum leaves the seventh of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:14) with the word not omitted from the sentence "Thou shalt not commit adultery". Copies are withdrawn and about a year later the publishers are called to the Star Chamber, fined £300 and have their licence to print revoked.
- Johann Philipp Abelin - Arma Suecica, volume 1
- Moses Amyraut - Traité des religions
- Collected works of Jacobus Arminius published posthumously in Frankfurt
- Robert Fludd - Medicina Catholica (Volume 2)
- Thomas Harriot - Artis analyticae praxis
- James Mabbe - Celestina, or the Tragicomedy of Calisto and Melibea, a 300-page closet drama or "novel in dialogue," translated from the Spanish-language original of Fernando de Rojas
- Wicked Bible, a reprint of the King James Bible notable for typographical errors
- William Oughtred - Clavis mathematicae
- Anonymous - Fair Em published
- George Chapman - Caesar and Pompey published
- Henry Chettle - Hoffman published
- Lope de Vega
- El castigo sin venganza ("Justice without revenge")
- La noche de San Juan
- Thomas Goffe - The Raging Turk published
- Peter Hausted - Senile Odium
- Thomas Heywood - The Fair Maid of the West, Parts 1 and 2 (published; probably performed in the previous year)
- Ben Jonson
- Ralph Knevet - Rhodon and Iris (masque)
- James Mabbe - The Spanish Bawd published
- Jean Mairet - La Silvanire, ou la Morte-vive
- Shackerley Marmion - Holland's Leaguer runs for a highly-unusual six straight performances
- John Marston, with William Barkstead & Lewis Machin (?) - The Insatiate Countess published
- Philip Massinger
- Thomas May - Antigone, the Theban Princess published
- Jean Rotrou - L'Hypocondriaque
- James Shirley
- Aurelian Townshend - Albion's Triumph (masque)
- Robert Ward (?) - Fucus Histriomastix
- Arthur Wilson - The Swisser
- Richard Zouche - The Sophister
Main article: 1631 in poetry
- Richard Braithwait - The English Gentleman
- January 1 – Katharine Philips (Orinda), English poet (died 1664)
- February 22 – Peder Syv, Danish philologist, folklorist and priest (died 1702)
- March 6 – René Le Bossu, French critic (died 1680)
- July 15 – Richard Cumberland, English philosopher (died 1718)
- August 9 – John Dryden, English poet and dramatist (died 1700)
- October 18 – Michael Wigglesworth, English-born American poet and minister (died 1705)
- Unknown dates
- March 31 – John Donne, English poet (born 1572)
- May – Samuel Harsnett, English religious writer and archbishop (born 1561)
- May 6 – Robert Bruce Cotton, English antiquary and founder of Cotton Library (born 1570)
- July – Enrico Caterino Davila, Italian historian (born 1576)
- July 28 – Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (born 1569)
- September 22 – Cardinal Federico Borromeo, Italian archbishop and founder of the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (born 1564)
- October 26 – Lewis Bayly, Welsh or Scottish-born religious writer and bishop writing in English (unknown year of birth)
- November 29 – Edmond Richer, French theologian (born 1559)
- December 23 – Michael Drayton, English poet (born 1563)
- O'Connor, J.J.; Robertson, E.F. (August 2006). "Étienne Pascal". University of St. Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- Thomas Hobbes: Biography
- Thomas Heywood, The Fair Maid of the West Parts I and II, edited by Robert K. Turner Jr.; Regents Renaissance Drama series, Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press, 1967.