172 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
172 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar172 BC
Ab urbe condita582
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 152
- PharaohPtolemy VI Philometor, 9
Ancient Greek era152nd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4579
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−764
Berber calendar779
Buddhist calendar373
Burmese calendar−809
Byzantine calendar5337–5338
Chinese calendar戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
2525 or 2465
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
2526 or 2466
Coptic calendar−455 – −454
Discordian calendar995
Ethiopian calendar−179 – −178
Hebrew calendar3589–3590
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−115 – −114
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2929–2930
Holocene calendar9829
Iranian calendar793 BP – 792 BP
Islamic calendar817 BH – 816 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2162
Minguo calendar2083 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1639
Seleucid era140/141 AG
Thai solar calendar371–372
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
−45 or −426 or −1198
    — to —
(female Earth-Snake)
−44 or −425 or −1197

Year 172 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laenas and Ligus (or, less frequently, year 582 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 172 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Since the reign of the Seleucid king, Antiochus III, the Jewish inhabitants of Judea enjoy extensive autonomy under their high priest. However, they are divided into two parties, the orthodox Hasideans (Pious Ones) and a reform party that favours Hellenism. Antiochus IV supports the reform party because of the financial support they provide him with. In return for a considerable payment, he has permitted the high priest, Jason, to build a gymnasium in Jerusalem and to introduce the Greek mode of educating young people. Jason's time as high priest is brought to an abrupt end when he sends Menelaus, the brother of Simon the Benjamite, to deliver money to Antiochus IV. Menelaus takes this opportunity to "outbid" Jason for the priesthood, resulting in Antiochus IV confirming Menelaus as the High Priest.


  • The peace treaty at the end of the Second Punic War requires that all border disputes involving Carthage be arbitrated by the Roman Senate and requires Carthage to get explicit Roman approval before going to war. As a result, envoys from Carthage appear before the Roman Senate to request resolution of a boundary dispute with Numidia. The dispute is decided in Numidia's favour.