1881 in rail transport
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|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1881.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 References
- January 17 - Regular train service over the Prince of Wales Bridge on the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway begins.
- February 3 - The Seney Syndicate met at Seney's New York bank and organized the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railway Company (which would later become the Nickel Plate Road).
- February 17 - The first train operates between Norwood, Ohio, and Lebanon, Ohio, on the Cincinnati Northern Railway.
- March 1 - The Mexican Southern Railroad is incorporated with Ulysses S. Grant, former President of the United States, as its president.
- March 8 - The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, building southwestward from Kansas, reaches Deming, New Mexico.
- April 13 - The New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railway Company (later known as the Nickel Plate Road) purchases the Buffalo, Cleveland & Chicago Railway
- April 14 - The Oregon Short Line Railroad is established to build a rail connection between Granger, Wyoming, and Huntington, Oregon.
- May 16 - The Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway, the world's first electric tramway, is opened in Berlin by Siemens & Halske.
- May 19 - Tracks of the Southern Pacific Railroad reach El Paso, Texas.
- May 28 - A.B. Rogers on his birthday discovers the pass through the Rocky Mountains that will bear his name, Rogers Pass.
- June 9 - The Canada Central Railway is merged into the Canadian Pacific Railway.
- June 11 - The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad connects to El Paso, Texas.
- July 2 - Assassination of James A. Garfield: James A. Garfield, President of the United States, is shot by lawyer Charles J. Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C., dying on September 19 of a resultant infection.
- July 4 - Darjeeling Himalayan Railway opened throughout to Darjeeling, India.
- July 6 - Kate Shelley prevents a train with 200 passengers from going over the Honey Creek Bridge after it was washed out during a flash flood near Des Moines, Iowa.
- July 26 - Construction crews on the Denver, South Park and Pacific Railroad's Alpine Tunnel, in Colorado, break through to connect both ends of the tunnel.
- August 22 - The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (ET&WNC) commences operation over a 14.1-mile (2.25-kilometer) run through the Appalachian Mountains.
- August 26 - The first train operates over the Red River Bridge into Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
- October 17 - First section of Royal Saxon State Railways narrow gauge railway (750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in) gauge) opens, between Wilkau and Kirchberg in the German Empire.
- October 20 - First section of Barbados Railway opens on 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge between Bridgetown and Carrington.
Unknown date events
- E.W. Clark & Co., a private banking firm in Philadelphia, purchases the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad (a predecessor of the Norfolk & Western) at a foreclosure auction.
- The Richmond and Danville Railroad leases the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railway.
- Henry Villard becomes president of the Northern Pacific Railroad.
- The French Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interocéanique purchases a controlling interest in the Panama Railway Company.
- John Souther retires from the steam locomotive manufacturing company that he founded, Globe Locomotive Works.
- Ephraim Shay takes out the first patent on his Shay locomotive design.
- Construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway begins.
- The first standard gauge railroad in China is opened from Tangshan to Xugezhuang (10 km (6.2 mi)) for coal traffic.
- March 22 - Arturo Caprotti, Italian inventor of Caprotti valve gear for steam locomotives (d. 1938).
- July 8 - Mantis James Van Sweringen, American financier who, with his brother Oris, controlled the Nickel Plate Road and other eastern railroads (d. 1935).
Unknown date births
Unknown date deaths
- William S. Hudson, superintendent of American steam locomotive manufacturing firm Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor (b. 1810).
- Churcher, Colin (May 21, 2005), Significant dates in Ottawa railway history. Retrieved June 4, 2005.
- Glenbow Museum (2005), This week in Canadian history. Retrieved May 27, 2005.
- Kansas City Southern Historical Society, The Kansas City Southern Lines. Retrieved August 15, 2005.
- Newcomb, Kenneth W. "The Makers of the Mold". Archived from the original on 2005-03-13. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
- President and Fellows of Harvard College (2004), 20th century great American business leaders - Martin W. Clement. Retrieved February 23, 2005.
- Santa Fe Railroad (1945), Along Your Way, Rand McNally, Chicago, Illinois.
- White, John H., Jr. (Spring 1986), America's most noteworthy railroaders, Railroad History, Railway and Locomotive Historical Society, 154, p. 9-15.
- White, John H. Jr. (1968). A history of the American locomotive; its development: 1830-1880. New York, NY: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-23818-0.
- Colin Churcher's Railway Pages (January 8, 2006), Significant dates in Ottawa railway history. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
- "The Siemens tram from past to present" (PDF). Siemens. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Marshall, John (2003). Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers (2nd ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901461-22-9.