2013 Berlin energy referendum
|Berlin energy referendum, 2013|
|Volksentscheid über die Rekommunalisierung der Berliner Energieversorgung|
|Date||3 November 2013|
|Referendum failed because the required quorum of 25% approvals of the total electorate was missed.|
A referendum on the recommunalization of the energy supply in Berlin was held on 3 November 2013. Prompted by the Neue Energie für Berlin (New energy for Berlin) citizens' initiative in June 2013, it was approved by 83% of voters. However, the referendum failed due to insufficient voter turnout. 24.2% of Berlin voted in favor but the quorum required 25% or more to do so.
The New energy for Berlin draft law aimed for the recommunalization of Berlin's energy supply that was privatized in 1997, when the city of Berlin sold its municipal infrastructure and services company Bewag to the Swedish power company Vattenfall. It also demanded economically democratic control of the supply and a fast transition to 100% renewable energy.
The referendum on New energy for Berlin was initiated by the Berlin Energy Table (German: Berliner Energietisch), a non-partisan alliance of about 55 organizations, initiatives and individual activists aiming for the Recommunalization of the municipal energy supply. The alliance was founded in 2011 as an open platform for everybody lobbying for a socially just, ecologically sustainable and economically democratic supply with energy, gas, and heating in Berlin.
Members are e.g. the Berlin sections of attac, BUND, People's Solidarity, the Education and Science Workers' Union (GEW) as well as community organizations for affordable housing and the left-wing initiative FelS. While being non-partisan, the alliance is supported by the federal sections of major parties such as the SPD, Alliance '90/The Greens, and Die Linke.
Course of events
Between 11 February and 10 June 2013, the initiators collected 227,748 valid signatures of Berlin citizens, around 50,000 more than was necessary to qualify for a referendum (Volksbegehren).
|Source: Berlin Returning Officer|
- Joel Stonington: Big Energy Battle: An Unlikely Effort to Buy Berlin's Grid in: Spiegel Online International, March 05, 2013
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Berliner Energietisch.|
- Berliner Energietisch (in English)