333 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
333 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 333 BC
Ab urbe condita 421
Ancient Egypt era XXXI dynasty, 11
- Pharaoh Darius III of Persia, 4
Ancient Greek era 111th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4418
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −925
Berber calendar 618
Buddhist calendar 212
Burmese calendar −970
Byzantine calendar 5176–5177
Chinese calendar 丁亥(Fire Pig)
2364 or 2304
    — to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
2365 or 2305
Coptic calendar −616 – −615
Discordian calendar 834
Ethiopian calendar −340 – −339
Hebrew calendar 3428–3429
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −276 – −275
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2768–2769
Holocene calendar 9668
Iranian calendar 954 BP – 953 BP
Islamic calendar 983 BH – 982 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2001
Minguo calendar 2244 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1800
Thai solar calendar 210–211
Tibetan calendar 阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
−206 or −587 or −1359
    — to —
(male Earth-Rat)
−205 or −586 or −1358
The Battle of Issus

Year 333 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Dictatorship of Rufinus (or, less frequently, year 421 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 333 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • King Alexander of Macedonia conquers western Asia Minor, subduing the hill tribes of Lycia and Pisidia.
  • King Darius III of Persia executes Charidemus, a Greek mercenary leader living in exile in Persia, for criticising preparations taken for the Battle of Issus.
  • Alexander has a great victory over the Persians in the Battle of the Issus River in Cilicia, but the Persian Emperor Darius III escapes. Darius leaves behind his wife, his two daughters, his mother Sisygambis, and much of his personal treasure. Darius' family is captured by Alexander and well treated.
  • Alexander makes one of his officers, Nearchus, satrap of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia and he appoints his general, Antigonus, satrap of Phrygia.
  • From Issus, Alexander marches south into Syria and Phoenicia, his object being to isolate the Persian fleet from its bases and so to destroy it as an effective fighting force. The Phoenician cities of Marathus and Aradus do not resist Alexander's armies. Parmenion is sent ahead to try to secure Damascus and its rich booty, including Darius' war chest.
  • After taking Byblos and Sidon, Alexander lays siege to Tyre.
  • In reply to a letter from Darius offering peace, Alexander demands Darius' unconditional surrender.