405 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
405 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar405 BC
Ab urbe condita349
Ancient Egypt eraXXVII dynasty, 121
- PharaohDarius II of Persia, 19
Ancient Greek era93rd Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar4346
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−997
Berber calendar546
Buddhist calendar140
Burmese calendar−1042
Byzantine calendar5104–5105
Chinese calendar乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
2293 or 2086
    — to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
2294 or 2087
Coptic calendar−688 – −687
Discordian calendar762
Ethiopian calendar−412 – −411
Hebrew calendar3356–3357
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−348 – −347
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2696–2697
Holocene calendar9596
Iranian calendar1026 BP – 1025 BP
Islamic calendar1058 BH – 1057 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1929
Minguo calendar2316 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1872
Thai solar calendar138–139
Tibetan calendar阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
−278 or −659 or −1431
    — to —
(male Fire-Rat)
−277 or −658 or −1430

Year 405 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Barbatus, Capitolinus, Cincinnatus, Medullinus, Iullus and Mamercinus (or, less frequently, year 349 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 405 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]



  • Dionysius the Elder rises to power as the tyrant of Syracuse. He makes peace with the Carthaginian general, Himilco (whose army has been weakened by the plague), and fortifies Syracuse. This treaty leaves Carthage in control of most of Sicily.
  • Dionysius the Elder ruthlessly consolidates and expands his power. He builds a wall around Syracuse and fortifies Epipolae. The Greek citizens of Naxos, Catana, and Leontini are removed from their cities; many of them are enslaved and their homes are given to Sicilian and Italian mercenaries. Dionysius prepares his army to fight against Carthage, which now occupies western and southern Sicily.

By topic[edit]






  1. ^ Platnauer, Maurice; Taplin, Oliver (January 19, 2024). "Aristophanes". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 24, 2024.