408 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
408 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 408 BC
Ab urbe condita 346
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 118
- Pharaoh Darius II of Persia, 16
Ancient Greek era 93rd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4343
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1000
Berber calendar 543
Buddhist calendar 137
Burmese calendar −1045
Byzantine calendar 5101–5102
Chinese calendar 壬申(Water Monkey)
2289 or 2229
    — to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
2290 or 2230
Coptic calendar −691 – −690
Discordian calendar 759
Ethiopian calendar −415 – −414
Hebrew calendar 3353–3354
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −351 – −350
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2693–2694
Holocene calendar 9593
Iranian calendar 1029 BP – 1028 BP
Islamic calendar 1061 BH – 1060 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1926
Minguo calendar 2319 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1875
Thai solar calendar 135–136
Tibetan calendar 阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
−281 or −662 or −1434
    — to —
(female Water-Rooster)
−280 or −661 or −1433

Year 408 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Iullus, Ahala and Cossus (or, less frequently, year 346 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 408 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]

  • King Darius II of Persia decides to continue the war against Athens and give support to the Spartans. His wife, Parysatis, persuades him to appoint his younger son, Cyrus, as satrap (governor) of Lydia, Phrygia, and Cappadocia and commander in chief of the Achaemenian forces in Asia Minor in place of Tissaphernes.
  • Tissaphernes' influence is limited to the satrapy of Caria. Darius II also gives Cyrus funds to re-create the Spartan fleet and sends him to Sardis with instructions to increase Persian support for Sparta. Cyrus begins to collect an army of mercenaries (including Greeks) for his own ends.


  • Alcibiades enters Athens in triumph after an absence of 7 years. He leads the religious procession from Athens to Eleusis, thus atoning for his alleged impiety in 415 BC when he was held to have joined in profaning the Sacred Mysteries. Alcibiades is appointed commander-in-chief with autocratic powers and leaves for Samos to rejoin his fleet.
  • The Spartan admiral Lysander arrives at Ephesus in autumn and builds up a great fleet with help from the new Persian satrap, Cyrus.
  • At the Panhellenic gathering at Olympia, the philosopher Gorgias speaks out against the Spartan alliance with Persia.


By topic[edit]