42nd meridian west

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Line across the Earth
42°
42nd meridian west

The meridian 42° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, the Atlantic Ocean, South America, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 42nd meridian west forms a great circle with the 138th meridian east.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 42nd meridian west passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 42°0′W / 90.000°N 42.000°W / 90.000; -42.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
83°40′N 42°0′W / 83.667°N 42.000°W / 83.667; -42.000 (Lincoln Sea) Lincoln Sea
83°13′N 42°0′W / 83.217°N 42.000°W / 83.217; -42.000 (Greenland)  Greenland
82°51′N 42°0′W / 82.850°N 42.000°W / 82.850; -42.000 (J.P. Koch Fjord) J.P. Koch Fjord
82°40′N 42°0′W / 82.667°N 42.000°W / 82.667; -42.000 (Greenland)  Greenland
62°43′N 42°0′W / 62.717°N 42.000°W / 62.717; -42.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
2°43′S 42°0′W / 2.717°S 42.000°W / -2.717; -42.000 (Brazil)  Brazil Maranhão
Piauí — from 3°14′S 42°0′W / 3.233°S 42.000°W / -3.233; -42.000 (Piauí)
Bahia — from 9°13′S 42°0′W / 9.217°S 42.000°W / -9.217; -42.000 (Bahia)
Minas Gerais — from 15°9′S 42°0′W / 15.150°S 42.000°W / -15.150; -42.000 (Minas Gerais)
Rio de Janeiro — from 20°56′S 42°0′W / 20.933°S 42.000°W / -20.933; -42.000 (Rio de Janeiro), the mainland and Ilha do Cabo Frio
23°1′S 42°0′W / 23.017°S 42.000°W / -23.017; -42.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just east of the Shag Rocks,  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (at 53°31′S 42°1′W / 53.517°S 42.017°W / -53.517; -42.017 (Shag Rocks))
Passing just west of Black Rock,  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (at 53°39′S 41°49′W / 53.650°S 41.817°W / -53.650; -41.817 (Black Rock))
60°0′S 42°0′W / 60.000°S 42.000°W / -60.000; -42.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
77°40′S 42°0′W / 77.667°S 42.000°W / -77.667; -42.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Claimed by both  Argentina (Argentine Antarctica) and  United Kingdom (British Antarctic Territory)

See also[edit]