43rd Mississippi Infantry
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|43rd Mississippi Infantry Regiment|
Mississippi state flag, 1861-1894
|Active||August 1862 to April 1865|
|Country||Confederate States of America|
|Branch||Confederate States Army|
|Equipment||Mississippi Rifles , altered smooth bore "George Law" Muskets, 57 caliber Enfield Rifle Musket, Springfield Rifle.|
William Hudson Moore
James O. Banks
- Company A – Frank Rodger's Rifles (Monroe County)
- Company B – Lownde's Riflemen (Lowndes County)
- Company C – Whitfield Guards (Monroe County)
- Company D – Capt. Thompson's Company (Webster County)
- Company E – Capt. Smith's Company (Union County)
- Company F – Capt. Hampton's Company (Lowndes County)
- Company G – Capt. Wiinter's Company (Monroe County)
- Company H – Itawamba Tigers (Itawamba County)
- Company I – Capt. Banks' Company (Lowndes County)
- Company K – Kemper Fencibles (Kemper County)
- Company L – Gholson's Rebels (Monroe County)
Battles and campaigns
The 43rd Mississippi was organized on August 7, 1862, under the order of Gen. Sterling Price. The first battle that the 43rd fought was at the Siege of Corinth. At the Siege of Corinth Lieutenant-Colonel Richard W. Leigh was killed by Union forces. To the 43rd the loss of Lieutenant Leigh was a major loss because of the lack of commanders that the 43rd Mississippi had.
Their next battles were during Union Gen.Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign between April and July 1863. The 43rd had a short amount of losses at the Battle of Big Black River Bridge and the Battle of Snyder's Bluff. At the Siege of Vicksburg a mine blew up while troops from the 43rd were in it. Another mine blew up on July 1 killing a lot of the 43rd troops. After the Vicksburg Campaign the 43rd had lossed 1,495 men out of 2,186 men at the beginning of the Vicksburg Campaign.
In September 1863, the 43rd Mississippi were ordered to the Battle of Chickamauga in Georgia. The 43rd arrived on September 19 during the battle. The 43rd joined with Braxton Bragg's Army of the Tennessee. Chickamauga was a victory for the Confederacy. The 43rd only lost 25 men during the battle, which was a huge advantage for the 43rd.
After the Battle of Chickamauga, the 43rd Mississippi were sent back to Mississippi to fight at the Battle of Meridian. After Meridian,the 43rd were sent back to Georgia to fight at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. At Cobb County, Georgia, the 43rd Mississippi hauled cannons and moarters up the side of the mountain. During the battle, the 43rd helped Braxton Bragg's Army of the Tennessee yet again. The 43rd had helped drive Union forces from the mountain.
The 43rd Mississippi were sent to Atlanta to help the Army of the Tennessee and other Confederate troops from the Atlanta and surrounding Georgia area. At the Battle of Atlanta, the 43rd retreated after a few days of being bombarded by General William T. Sherman's troops. The 43rd retreated to Gainesville, Alabama.
After the Battle of Atlanta, the 43rd Mississippi were sent to the Carolinas and Tennessee. The 43rd fought at the Battle of Spring Hill, the Battle of Nashville, the Battle of Kinston, and the Battle of Bentonville.