4th Foreign Regiment (France)
|4th Foreign Regiment|
(4e régiment étranger)
Regimental badge of 4e RE
1976 – Present
|Allegiance||French Foreign Legion|
Recruit induction & training
|Part of||Foreign Legion Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Quartier Captaine Danjou, Castelnaudary, Aude, France|
|Nickname(s)||Creuset de la Légion (Crucible of the Legion)|
|Colors||Green & Red|
|Battles/Wars||Algerian War (1955–1964)|
|Decorations||Croix de guerre (1939-1945) w/ Palm|
|Insignia of the 4th Foreign Regiment|
The 4th Foreign Regiment (French: 4e Régiment étranger, 4e RE) is the unit currently responsible for training the French Foreign Legion. Prior to assuming the main responsibility of training Foreign Legion recruits, the 4th Foreign Regiment was an infantry unit which participated in campaigns in Morocco, Levant, French Indochina, and Algeria.
- 1 History, creation and different designations
- 2 Campaigns
- 3 Organization
- 4 Traditions
- 5 Regimental and Demi-Brigade Commanders
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
History, creation and different designations
Created in November 1920 in Marrakesh, Morocco, the 4th Foreign Regiment became the 4th Foreign Infantry Regiment in 1922. Following its formation, the regiment was engaged in campaigns in Morocco in the Rif War between 1920 and 1934. The 4th and 5th battalions saw active service in the Levant between 1921 and 1926.
World War II
Dissolved in November 1940 to allow the creation of the 11th Foreign Infantry Regiment, 12th Foreign Infantry Regiment and then the 13th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion, the 4th Foreign Regiment was recreated in 1941 under the designation of 4th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion. The regiment participated in 1943 in the Tunisian campaign, seeing combat in the Zaghouan Mountain (or djebel). The regiment was again dissolved in June 1943, and its personnel were transferred to the Marching Regiment of the Foreign Legion (R.M.L.E.), which experienced heavy combat during the campaigns of France and Germany.
Far East and North Africa
The 4th Foreign Regiment was recreated in 1946. Battalions saw active service in Madagascar between 1947 and 1951. In the Far East, the 2nd and 5th battalions served as a single unit before being broken up to reinforce other regiments. Again dissolved in 1951, the <<4th>> was recreated in Morocco in March 1955, before being engaged in combat in Algeria between 1957 and 1962.
In July 1962, the 4th Foreign Regiment was redeployed to Reggane in southern Algeria, tasked with guarding the oil fields and French nuclear facilities in the region. Subsequently the 4th Foreign Regiment was disbanded and its subordinate units incorporated into the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment. In October 1976 the Foreign Legion established a new Instruction Regiment (Regiment d'Instruction) at Castelnaudary by divesting the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment's Instruction Group (Groupement d' Instruction).
Regiment of Instruction
On September 1, 1977, the regimental colors of the 4e Etranger were entrusted to the Instruction Regiment of the Foreign Legion which had taken up garrison duties at Castelnaudary, a year earlier. On June 1, 1980, the unit was redesignated as the 4th Foreign Regiment.
Now based at Castelnaudary for more than 30 years, first at the Lapasset barracks then at the Danjou barracks, the regiment has trained multinational cadres, specialists and foreign volunteer recruits. The training cadre comprises about 44 officers, 170 warrant officers and non-commissioned officers, and 358 enlisted personnel.
- TINTEGHALINE, de TIZI N’RECHOU (1922)
- D’OUAOUIZERT (1922)
- RIFF WAR (1924 – 1934)
- LEVANT (1921 – 1926), MESSIFRE (1925)
- CAMPAGNE DE TUNISIE (1943)
- MADAGASCAR (1947–1951)
- INDOCHINA (1949)
- MAROCCO – ALGERIA (1955 - 1964)
The Regiment consists of six companies:
- Legion Pionniers Groups
- Compagnie de Commandement et des Services (CCS) - Command and Services Company
The regimental headquarters company which also has integrated logistical capabilities. This company has several subordinate administrative units such as the Office of Maintenance and Logistics, the Office of Job Training (Bureaux Instruction Empoi), and the Directorate of Human Resources (Direction des Ressources Humaines).
- Compagnies d’Étranger Volontaire (CEV) - Foreign Volunteer Companies
- Compagnie d’Instruction des Cadres (CIC) - Cadre Training Company
Conducts all NCO education and professional development courses.
- Compagnie d’Instruction des Spécialistes (CIS) - Specialist Instruction Company
Inscribed on the regimental colors of the 4th Foreign Regiment are the motto of the Foreign Legion:
Code of Honour
- Art. 1 - Légionnaire, tu es un volontaire, servant la France avec honneur et fidélité.
- Art. 2 - Chaque légionnaire est ton frère d'armes, quelles que soient sa nationalité, sa race ou sa religion. Tu lui manifestes toujours la solidarité étroite qui doit unir les membres d'une même famille.
- Art. 3 - Respectueux des traditions, attaché à tes chefs, la discipline et la camaraderie sont ta force, le courage et la loyauté tes vertus.
- Art. 4 - Fier de ton état de légionnaire, tu le montres dans ta tenue toujours élégante, ton comportement toujours digne mais modeste, ton casernement toujours net.
- Art. 5 - Soldat d'élite, tu t'entraînes avec rigueur, tu entretiens ton arme comme ton bien le plus précieux, tu as le souci constant de ta forme physique.
- Art. 6 - La mission est sacrée, tu l'exécutes jusqu'au bout et si besoin, en opérations, au péril de ta vie.
- Art. 7 - Au combat, tu agis sans passion et sans haine, tu respectes les ennemis vaincus, tu n'abandonnes jamais ni tes morts, ni tes blessés, ni tes armes.
Chant de Marche : C'est le 4 en chantant featuring:
À travers pierres et dunes,
S'en vont les képis blancs.
Sous le soleil, clair de lune,
Nous marchons en chantant.
Vers Bechar ou vers Casa,
Dans toutes les direction,
Nous repartons au combat,
Pour la gloire de la Légion.
C'est le 4 en chantant qui s'avance,
Qui s'avance, laissez-le passer.
Sur les pistes des Corbières,
Nous partons en mission.
Une colonne de bérêts verts,
S'en va à l'instruction.
Vers la Jasse ou vers Bel-Air,
Dans toutes les directions,
C'est notre seule ambition.
- CAMERONE 1863
- MAROC 1914–1918-1921-1934
- DJEBEL ZAGHOUAN 1943
- A.F.N 1952 - 1962
Regimental and Demi-Brigade Commanders
4th Foreign Infantry Regiment Tenure (1920-1940)
4th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion
1st Foreign Motorized Infantry Regiment
4th Foreign Infantry Regiment (Morocco) - 4th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion 
2/4 D.B.L.E. - 4/4 R.E.I. (Madagascar)
4th Foreign Infantry Regiment Tenure (1955-1964)
Instruction Regiment of the Foreign Legion
4th Foreign Regiment Tenure (1980–present)
- Major (France)
- French Foreign Legion Music Band (MLE)
- 1st Mounted Saharan Squadron of the Foreign Legion
- Armored Train of the Foreign Legion
- Passage Company of the Foreign Legion
- 5th Heavy Weight Transport Company
- List of French Foreign Legion units
- Windrow, Martin (1996). French Foreign Legion Since 1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-621-3.
- Koelher, Charles (31 March 2006). "LEGIO PATRIA NOSTRA: THE HISTORY OF THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION SINCE 1962" (PDF). U.S. General Command and Staff College. pp. 70–72. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
-  Official Website of the 4th Foreign Regiment
- Windrow, Martin (1996). Foreign Legion since 1945. Osprey. pp. 43–45. ISBN 1-85532-621-3.
- "Compagnie de commandement et de service". Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Compagnie d'instruction des cadres". Legion Etrangere. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Compagnie d'instruction des spécialistes" (in French). Legion Etrangere. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
-  Official Website of the 4th Foreign Regiment, Regimental Colors,Le drapeau du 4ème RE
-  Official Website of the 4th Foreign Regiment,Code d'honneur du légionnaire
-  Official Website of the 4th Foreign Regiment, Regimental Commanders (1920-present)