4th Foreign Regiment
|4th Foreign Regiment
(4e Régiment étranger)
Regimental badge of 4e RE
1976 – Present
|Role||Recruit induction & training|
|Part of||Foreign Legion Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Quartier Captaine Danjou, Castelnaudary, Aude, France|
|Nickname(s)||Creuset de la Légion (Crucible of the Legion)|
|Colors||Green & Red|
|Battles/Wars||Algerian War (1955–1964)|
|Decorations||Croix de guerre (1939-1945) w/ Palm|
|Beret badge of the 4th Foreign Regiment|
The 4th Foreign Regiment (French: 4e Régiment étranger, 4e RE) is the unit responsible for training the French Foreign Legion. Prior to assuming its responsibility of training Foreign Legion personnel, the 4th Foreign Regiment was an infantry regiment which participated in campaigns in Morocco, French Indochina, and Algeria.
Originally established as the 4th Foreign Infantry Regiment on November 1, 1920 in Marrakesh, Morocco during the Rif War. In November 1940, the regiment was disbanded to allow its ranks to be reorganized into the 11th Foreign Regiment of Infantry and the 12th Foreign Regiment of Infantry. Shortly thereafter the regiment was reestablished as the 4th Demibrigade of the Foreign Legion. Under that name it operated as part of the Free French forces until 1943 when it was again disbanded as part of another French military reorganization.
In July 1962, the 4th Foreign Regiment was redeployed to Reggane in southern Algeria where the regiment was tasked with guarding the oil fields and French nuclear facilities in the region. The 4th Foreign Regiment was disbanded and its subordinate units were folded into the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment. In October 1976 the Foreign Legion established a new Instruction Regiment (Regiment d'Instruction) at Castelnaudary by divesting the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment's Instruction Group (Groupement d' Instruction).
The 4th Foreign Infantry Regiment's lineage was passed on to the new Instruction Regiment. In 1980 the Instruction Regiment was given its current name as the 4th Foreign Regiment.
The Regiment consists of six companies:
- Compagnie de Commandement et des Services (CCS) - Command and Services Company
The regimental headquarters company which also has integrated logistical capabilities. This company has several subordinate administrative units such as the Office of Maintenance and Logistics, the Office of Job Training (Bureaux Instruction Empoi), and the Directorate of Human Resources (Direction des Ressources Humaines).
- Compagnies d’Étranger Volontaire (CEV) - Foreign Volunteer Companies
- Compagnie d’Instruction des Cadres (CIC) - Cadre Training Company
Conducts all NCO education and professional development courses.
- Compagnie d’Instruction des Spécialistes (CIS) - Specialist Instruction Company
- Koelher, Charles (31 March 2006). "LEGIO PATRIA NOSTRA: THE HISTORY OF THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION SINCE 1962" (PDF). U.S. General Command and Staff College. pp. 70–72. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Historique du 4ème Régiment étranger". French Foreign Legion. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Windrow, Martin (1996). Foreign Legion since 1945. Osprey. pp. 43–45. ISBN 1-85532-621-3.
- "Compagnie de commandement et de service". Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Compagnie d'instruction des cadres". Legion Etrangere. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Compagnie d'instruction des spécialistes" (in French). Legion Etrangere. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Windrow, Martin (1996). French Foreign Legion Since 1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-621-3.