5150 (involuntary psychiatric hold)
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Section 5150 is a section of the California Welfare and Institutions Code the (Lanterman–Petris–Short Act or "LPS") which authorizes a qualified officer or clinician to involuntarily confine a person suspected to have a mental disorder that makes them a danger to themselves, a danger to others, or gravely disabled. A qualified officer, which includes any California peace officer, as well as any specifically-designated county clinician, can request the confinement after signing a written declaration stating the psychiatric diagnosis that the diagnosing medical professional believes to be the cause or reason why they believe the patient to be "a danger to themselves or others" or the psychiatric disorder that has rendered the patient incapable of making their own medical treatment decisions.
In informal usage, 5150 (pronounced "fifty-one-fifty") can refer to the person being confined (e.g., "I have a possible 5150 here"), the declaration, or the act of committing someone (as in "(Someone) was 5150ed").
- Largely because the production of many American movies and television programs are based in California, usage of the term "5150" has spread beyond its original location and user population. An album of the same name by the California hard rock band Van Halen was named directly for the code section, and derivative uses followed. It was also the title of rapper Eazy-E's 1992 EP 5150: Home 4 tha Sick.
- In 2016, Knott's Berry Farm opened a virtual reality attraction titled FearVR: 5150, in reference to the law, that was set inside of a mental hospital and received criticism from the mental health community, prompting its closure shortly after opening.
- "5-1-5-0", a song by American country music artist Dierks Bentley about the policy
- 5250 (involuntary psychiatric hold)
- 5270 (involuntary psychiatric hold)
- Community Mental Health Act
- Emergency psychiatry
- Florida Mental Health Act (also known as the "Baker Act")
- Medically indigent adult
- Political abuse of psychiatry
- Section 135/136 of the Mental Health Act, a similar policy to 5150 in England and Wales
- California Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5150
- California Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5008 (h) concerning gravely disabled
- California Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5008 (m) emergency defined
- California Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5256: Certification Review Hearing defined
- California Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5332: Capacity Hearing defined, involuntary medication
- California Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5325-5325.2: Patients' Rights
- American Psychiatric Association, Definition of Crisis Behavior & A Mental Disorder by DSM-IV (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of APA), & Crisis Management
- California Code of Regulations (C.C.R.), Title 9 & Title 22, Licensed psychiatric hospitals in California are governed by CCR Title 22
- California Health & Safety Code, on seclusion and restraint