54th Corps (German Empire)
(Generalkommando zbV 54)
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
The 54th Corps (z.b.V.) was formed in September 1916. With the onset of trench warfare, the German Army recognised that it was no longer possible to maintain the traditional Corps unit, that is, one made up of two divisions. Whereas at some times (and in some places) a Corps of two divisions was sufficient, at other times 5 or 6 divisions were necessary. Therefore, under the Hindenburg regime (from summer 1916), new Corps headquarters were created without organic divisions. These new Corps were designated General Commands for Special Use (German: Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung).
- 21st Reserve Division
- 22nd Division
- 4th Division
- 113th Division
- 239th Division
- 12th Reserve Division
- Jäger Division
- 185th Division
|Generalleutnant Viktor Kühne||4 September 1916||2 February 1917|
|Generalleutnant Richard von Kraewel||2 February 1917||25 February 1917|
|General der Infanterie Eduard von Liebert||25 February 1917||17 June 1917|
|Generalleutnant Max von Müller||17 June 1917||21 January 1918|
|Generalleutnant Alfred von Larisch||21 January 1918||end of the war|
- Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.
- Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
- Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.
- Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
- Note that Corps (z.b.V.) were designated with Arabic, not Roman, numerals.
- General Commands for Special Use Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung (Genkdo z.b.V.)
- Cron 2002, p. 89
- Cron 2002, p. 87
- Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
- "The Prussian Machine, GenKdo". Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "German War History". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- Concurrently commander of Armee-Gruppe Kühne from 28 October 1916 "Biography on The Prussian Machine". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- Cron 2002, p. 84
- Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.
- Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.