A. J. John

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A. J. John
Travancore-Cochin Chief Minister
In office
March 1952 – March 1954
GovernorChithira Thirunal Balarama Varma (Rajapramukh)
Preceded byC. Kesavan
Succeeded byPattom A. Thanu Pillai
ConstituencyPoonjar
Governor of Madras State
In office
1956–1957
Appointed byRajendra Prasad
First MinisterK. Kamaraj
Succeeded byBhishnuram Medhi
Preceded bySri Prakasa
Personal details
Born(1893-07-18)July 18, 1893
Thalayolaparambu, Vaikom, Travancore
DiedOctober 1, 1957(1957-10-01) (aged 64)
Madras, India
Political partyTravancore State Congress (Merged with Indian National Congress)

Anaparambil Joseph John (1893-1957) was a Travancore freedom fighter and statesman. He was Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin and Governor of Madras State.

Early life[edit]

He was born in 1893, at Thalayolaparambu and had his primary education at the local school and finished his school final from Vaikom High School. After doing the degree in Law in 1919 from the Law College, Madras, he began his career as a lawyer.

The turning point in John’s life came when he plunged into freedom struggle after abandoning his bright future in his profession. He was one of the founding leaders of Travancore State Congress

He was in the forefront of the historic Abstention Movement’ which rocked Travancore for some time; an agitation against social injustice staged by the weaker sections and backward classes for proportionate representations in government service. He fought against Independent Travancore proposed by Sir C P Rama Swamy Iyer in 1946.

Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin[edit]

A. J. John's tombstone

In the first general elections held in India in 1951-52, John was elected from Poonjar constituency to the Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly. The Congress formed Government with AJ John as Chief Minister in March 1952 with the support of the Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress (T.T.N.C). With the demand for merging Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu on September 23, 1953, the majority of the ministry lost due to the withdrawal of support from the T.T.N.C.[1] John served as Chief Minister until March 1954, until the new cabinet was formed.

He also served as Speaker of the first Travancore Legislative Assembly in 1948 and Minister for Home, Food, Civil Supplies and Forest in Panampally Govinda Menon Ministry from 1955-56.[2]

Governor of Madras State[edit]

John was appointed as Governor of Madras State on in 1956. He died in October 1957, when he was the Governor of Madras State after a sudden illness.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yogeeswaran, B. History of Travancore Tamil Struggle.
  2. ^ "Lost in the annals of history".
  3. ^ "Lost in the annals of history". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 1 November 2018.