A. J. John
A. J. John
|Travancore-Cochin Chief Minister|
March 1952 – March 1954
|Governor||Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma (Rajapramukh)|
|Preceded by||C. Kesavan|
|Succeeded by||Pattom A. Thanu Pillai|
|Governor of Madras State|
|Appointed by||Rajendra Prasad|
|First Minister||K. Kamaraj|
|Succeeded by||Bhishnuram Medhi|
|Preceded by||Sri Prakasa|
|Born||July 18, 1893|
Thalayolaparambu, Vaikom, Travancore
|Died||October 1, 1957 (aged 64)|
|Political party||Travancore State Congress (Merged with Indian National Congress)|
He was born in 1893, at Thalayolaparambu and had his primary education at the local school and finished his school final from Vaikom High School. After doing the degree in Law in 1919 from the Law College, Madras, he began his career as a lawyer.
The turning point in John’s life came when he plunged into freedom struggle after abandoning his bright future in his profession. He was one of the founding leaders of Travancore State Congress
He was in the forefront of the historic Abstention Movement’ which rocked Travancore for some time; an agitation against social injustice staged by the weaker sections and backward classes for proportionate representations in government service. He fought against Independent Travancore proposed by Sir C P Rama Swamy Iyer in 1946.
Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin
In the first general elections held in India in 1951-52, John was elected from Poonjar constituency to the Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly. The Congress formed Government with AJ John as Chief Minister in March 1952 with the support of the Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress (T.T.N.C). With the demand for merging Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu on September 23, 1953, the majority of the ministry lost due to the withdrawal of support from the T.T.N.C. John served as Chief Minister until March 1954, until the new cabinet was formed.