A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations

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A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a style guide for writing and formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and is published by the University of Chicago Press.

The work is often referred to as "Turabian" (after the work's original author, Kate L. Turabian) or by the shortened title, A Manual for Writers.[1] The style and formatting of academic works, described within the manual, is commonly referred to as "Turabian style" or "Chicago style" (being based on that of The Chicago Manual of Style).

The ninth edition of the manual, published in 2018, corresponds with the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style.

Structure and content of the manual[edit]

Except for a few minor differences, the style and formatting described in the ninth edition of the manual is the same as the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style. While The Chicago Manual of Style focuses on providing guidelines for publishing, Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is intended for the creation and submission of academic works; where the two works differ "in small ways," Turabian's manual is designed to "better suit the requirements of academic papers as opposed to published works."[2] As such, the manual describes itself as the "authoritative student resource on 'Chicago style'."[3]

Part 1: Research and Writing[edit]

Part 1 of the manual approaches the process of research and writing. This includes providing "practical advice" to formulate "the right questions, read critically, and build arguments" as well as helping authors draft and revise a paper.[3] Initially added with the seventh edition of the manual, this part is adapted from Booth, Colomb, and Williams' The Craft of Research.[4][5]

Part 2: Source Citation[edit]

Part 2 of the manual explores the two methods of citing/documenting sources used in authoring a work: (1) the notes-bibliography style; and (2) the author-date style.[3] The notes-bibliography style (also known as the "bibliography style" or "notes style") is "used widely in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in footnotes or endnotes and, usually, a bibliography." The more-concise author-date style (sometimes referred to as the "reference list style" and has "long been used in the physical, natural, and social sciences") involves sources being "briefly cited in parentheses in the text by author's last name and date of publication" with the parenthetical citations "amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided."[6] The manual provides extensive examples of how to cite different types of works (e.g. books, journal articles, websites, etc.) using both citation styles.

Part 3: Style[edit]

Part 3 of the manual "addresses matters of spelling, punctuation, abbreviation, and treatment of numbers, names, special terms, and titles of works." This part also provides guidance on including quotations from different sources as well as the formatting of tables and figures.[7]

Appendix: Paper Format and Submission[edit]

The appendix provides specific requirements on the formatting of research papers as well as theses and dissertations. General formatting requirements include recommendations on paper and margin sizes, options as to the choice of typeface, the spacing and indentation of text, pagination, and the use of titles. Formatting requirements for specific elements include the ordering and formatting of content in the front matter, main matter (text), and back matter of a work. The appendix also includes a description on preparing and submitting files, both electronically and as hard copies.

On the formatting and style, however, the manual notes that it "may be supplemented—or even overruled—by the conventions of specific disciplines or the preferences of particular institutions, departments or instructors." More so, the manual consistently reminds students to "review the requirements of their university, department, or instructor, which take precedence over the guidelines presented [in the manual]."[2]

Editions[edit]

Editions of Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers
Edition Year Editor(s) Corresponding CMOS Edition
A Manual for Writers of Dissertations
First 1937 (unpublished) Tenth[8]
1949 (reprint) Eleventh
A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations
Second 1955 Eleventh
Third 1967 Eleventh
Fourth 1973 Twelfth
Fifth 1987 Bonnie Birtwistle Honigsblum Thirteenth
Sixth 1996 John Grossman and Alice Bennett Fourteenth
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers
Seventh 2007 Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff Fifteenth
Eighth 2013 Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff Sixteenth
Ninth 2018 Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, Joseph Bizup, William T. FitzGerald, and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff Seventeenth

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "About *A Manual for Writers*", University of Chicago Press, retrieved 15 November 2017 
  2. ^ a b Turabian 2018, p. xiv.
  3. ^ a b c Turabian 2018, p. xi.
  4. ^ Booth, Colomb & Williams 2008.
  5. ^ Turabian 2018, p. xiii.
  6. ^ "Turabian Quick Guide", University of Chicago Press, retrieved 15 November 2017 
  7. ^ Turabian 2018, p. xi, xiv.
  8. ^ Turabian 2007, p. xiii.

References[edit]

External links[edit]