A Town Like Alice (1956 film)
|A Town Like Alice|
|Directed by||Jack Lee|
|Produced by||Joseph Janni|
|Written by||Nevil Shute (novel); W. P. Lipscomb and Richard Mason (screenplay)|
|Music by||Matyas Seiber|
|Edited by||Sidney Hayers|
|Distributed by||The Rank Organisation|
|Box office||1,037,005 admissions (France)|
A Town Like Alice is a 1956 British drama film produced by Joseph Janni and starring Virginia McKenna and Peter Finch that is based on the eponymous 1950 novel by Nevil Shute. The film does not follow the whole novel, concluding at the end of Part Two and truncating or omitting much detail. It was partially filmed in Malaya and Australia.
In post-Second World War London, a young woman, Jean Paget, is informed by solicitor Noel Strachan that she has a large inheritance. Asked what she wants to do, Jean decides to travel to Malaya to build a well in a small village.
Jean goes to the village and arranges for the well to be dug. The women will not now have to walk so far each day to collect water, as they have always done. She recalls her life in the village for three years of the war.
The film flashes back to 1942 when Jean was working in an office in Kuala Lumpur in Malaya when the Japanese invaded and she was taken prisoner. As part of a group of women and children (the men having been sent away), she is the only one to speak Malay fluently, and so takes a leading role in the group.
But the Japanese refuse to take any responsibility for the group, marching them from one village to another. Many of them, unused to physical labour, die. Jean is only able to survive because she understands local ways and is prepared to 'go native'.
The group meets a young Australian soldier, Sergeant Joe Harman, also a prisoner, who is driving a truck for the Japanese. He and Jean strike up a friendship and he tells her about the town of Alice Springs, where he grew up. Appalled at the women's treatment by the Japanese, he steals food and medicines to help them. Jean does not correct his impression that she is married.
When the thefts are discovered and investigated, Harman takes the blame to save Jean and the rest of the group. He is crucified on a tree and left to die by the Japanese soldiers. The distraught women are marched away, believing that Joe is dead.
To further humiliate them, the Japanese assign only one guard to the group, an elderly sergeant. They become friendly with him, although they can barely communicate. They even help to carry his pack and rifle when he is ill. When he dies of exhaustion, Jean asks the elders of a Malayan village if they may stay and work in the paddy fields, asking only for food and a place to sleep. The elders agree and they live and work there for three years, until the war ends.
The film returns to the present, and Jean discovers from the well-diggers that Joe Harman survived his punishment and returned to Australia.
She decides to travel on to Australia to find him. On her travels, she visits the town of Alice Springs, where Joe lived before the war, and is much impressed with the quality of life there. She then travels to the (fictional) primitive town of Willstown in the Queensland outback, where Joe has become the manager of a cattle station.
Meanwhile, Joe has learnt that Jean survived the war and that she was not married. He travels to London to find her, using money won in a lottery. It is some time before they are reunited in Alice Springs and they fall in love immediately.
The script was written by W.P. Lipscombe, who concentrated on the first half of the novel (the second half being set in Australia). Producer Joe Janni sent a copy of the script to director Jack Lee who later recalled "the script made me cry and I knew it would make audiences cry too." Janni and Lee took the script to Rank, who agreed to finance. Lee did further work on the script with Lipscombe and then with Richard Mason.
Lee flew to Singapore and Malaya and "soon realised that if we cast the film in the UK, decided on their exact clothing, and filmed their characteristic way of walking, we could find a second cast in Malaya and, if we were careful, we could work very close to them on location."
The film was withdrawn from the 1956 Cannes Film Festival because of fears it would offend the Japanese. "The festivals are just a joke – a film-selling 'racket' which offers the chance for vulgar display and reckless extravagance", said Peter Finch. "They serve no cultural purpose and the awards don't mean a thing."
It was the third most popular film at the British box office in 1956.
The film's success saw Rank put Jack Lee and Joe Janni under contract for two years as a team. They went on to make Robbery Under Arms with Finch.
- Virginia McKenna – Jean Paget
- Peter Finch – Joe Harman
- Kenji Takaki – Japanese sergeant
- Tran Van Khe – Captain Sugaya
- Jean Anderson – Miss Horsefall
- Marie Lohr – Mrs Dudley Frost
- Maureen Swanson – Ellen
- Renée Houston – Ebbey
- Nora Nicholson – Mrs. Frith
- Eileen Moore – Mrs Holland
- John Fabian – Mr. Holland
- Vincent Ball – Ben
- Tim Turner – British Sergeant
- Geoffrey Keen – Noel Strachan
- June Shaw as Mrs. Graham
- Armine Sandford as Mrs. Carstairs
- Mary Allen as Mrs. Anderson
- Virginia Clay as Mrs Knowles
- Bay White as Mrs. Davies
- Tenko (TV series) 1981–84 BBC and ABC TV series based on the female prisoners of war in Singapore during World War II
- Paradise Road (1997 film) – film based on the female prisoners of war in Sumatra in World War II
- French box office for 1957 at Box Office Story
- "LONDON.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 31 October 1952. p. 2. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Brian MacFarlane, An Autobiography of British Cinema, Methueun 1997 p 357
- "BOOM IN FILMS ABOUT AUSTRALIA.". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 21 September 1955. p. 60. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "FINCH'S BIG CHANCE IN U.K. FILM.". Sunday Times. Perth: National Library of Australia. 16 January 1955. p. 38. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "The mysterious Mrs. Brando.". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 6 November 1957. p. 3. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "Australia's good showing at Cannes Film Festival.". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 23 May 1956. p. 23. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "Cannes a joke says Finch.". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 18 July 1956. p. 9. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "Weekender 5 Glamor was left behind.". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 28 July 1956. p. 13. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "BUSH PREMIERE.". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 8 August 1956. p. 33. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "BRITISH FILMS MADE MOST MONEY: BOX-OFFICE SURVEY" The Manchester Guardian 28 December 1956: 3