|Municipality and State Capital|
|Establishment||1 August 1913|
|Declared administrative centre||27 August 1955|
|Granted municipality status||1 September 1979|
|• Body||Kuantan Municipal Council|
|• Yang Dipertua||Dato' Fadzilla Bin Salleh|
|• Total||2,960 km2 (1,143 sq mi)|
|Elevation||21.95 m (72 ft)|
|• Density||144.43/km2 (374.03/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC)|
|Mean solar time||UTC+06:46:48|
|MPs||Fauzi Abdul Rahman (PKR)
Fuziah Salleh (PKR)
Abdul Manan Ismail (BN)
Kuantan is a municipality and the state capital of Pahang, Malaysia. It is located near the mouth of the Kuantan River and faces the South China Sea. Kuantan is the 17th largest city in Malaysia based on the populations and the largest city in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
The administrative centre of the state of Pahang was officially relocated to Kuantan on Saturday, 27th of August 1955 from Kuala Lipis and was officiated by HRH Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al Muadzam Shah, the Sultan of Pahang.
The National Physical Plan 2005 identified Kuantan as one of the future growth centres and a hub for trade, commerce, transportation and tourism. Kuantan is considered the social, economic and commercial hub for the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia due to its strategic location. Rapid development has transformed and modernised Kuantan. Recently, the introduction of Malaysia's first Special Economic Zone (SEZ) at Kuantan is designed to boost the regional economy, tourism and growth.
- 1 History
- 2 Governments
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Culture
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Healthcare
- 10 Education
- 11 Cityscape
- 12 In popular culture
- 13 International relations
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Kuantan in the first century was a part of Chih-Tu empire. In the 11th century, this piece of land was conquered by another small empire called Pheng-Kheng before being taken over by the Siamese during the 12th century. During the 15th century, Kuantan was ruled by the Malacca Empire.
...On Thursday night came a boat from Kuantan. Then they told the ship's crew there's a pirate ship at Tanjung Tujuh, forty of them and at Pulau Kapas, and as well at Pulau Redang; it was spotted by two Kuantan boats and they set off...
In its early days, it was known as Kampung Teruntum (Teruntum Village). The village was situated at the mouth of Teruntum River which is in front of the current hospital and it was established by Haji Senik and his followers in the 1850s. Early primary economic activities included fishing and small businesses. The main evidence of the establishment of the village is the cemetery that is situated near Taman Esplanade in front of the current Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan.
Towards the late 19th century, arrival of Chinese miners and traders saw the establishment of a township in Kuantan and nearby tin mining areas such as Gambang and Sungai Lembing. Similar to what occurred in other states in Peninsular Malaysia, rubber plantations attracted Indian settlers as well.
The sinking of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse took place off the coast of Kuantan on 10 December 1941.
- Kuala Kuantan
- Sungai Karang
- Ulu Kuantan
- Ulu Lepar
The urban area of Kuantan city is located mostly in the mukims of Kuala Kuantan and Beserah.
Kuantan will see many new developments including:
- Relocation of the state administration centre to its proposed site in Bandar Indera Mahkota (KotaSAS).
- Kuantan Port City consist of Kuantan Port expansion, Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park, and Kuantan Integrated Biopark
- East Coast Railway Line (ECRL) from Kuala Lumpur to Kuantan.
- Kuantan Waterfront Resort City at Tanjung Lumpur.
Kuantan features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. Usually, the area experiences two seasons per year, i.e., the "Dry" and Hot season and the Rainy season. The "Dry" and Hot Season (a relative term as the city does not truly have a dry season) occurs when seasonal south-west winds blow from Sumatra toward the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia but are blocked by the Titiwangsa Mountain Range. The temperature may reach 40 degrees Celsius. The Rainy season usually occurs between October to March. During this season, the north-east winds bring rain to Kuantan. It can get very cloudy with a large amount of rainfall. Floods may also occur. Areas subject to possible flooding include the road to Sungai Lembing and also a few areas along the Kuantan River.
|Climate data for Kuantan|
|Record high °C (°F)||34.2
|Average high °C (°F)||29.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||24.6
|Average low °C (°F)||21.5
|Record low °C (°F)||17.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||295.5
|Average precipitation days||12.0||9.0||9.0||16.3||12.0||9.0||11.0||11.0||14.0||16.0||19.0||18.0||156.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||86||84||84||85||84||83||83||83||83||84||88||87||84|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||158.0||184.0||204.4||203.4||205.0||186.8||301.3||192.9||170.6||158.5||117.3||112.3||2,194.5|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes and humidity)|
Kuantan's population is approximately 427,515. The population is composed of 78.5% Malay, 17.9% Chinese, 3.3% Indian and 0.3% other races. According to the World Gazetteer, a calculation indicates that the annual population growth of Kuantan is the greatest among the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which is 3.88 in general.
The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.
|Ethnic groups in Kuantan, 2010
One of its major economic activities is tourism. Domestically, it is famous for the production of handicrafts, batik, keropok (dried fish crackers) and salted fish. Kuantan serves as the administrative and commercial capital of Pahang. Trade and commerce are important in the economy of the town. The timber industry, ice cream and the fishing industry also play major roles in the local economy.
There are petrochemical industries, mostly in Gebeng, an industrial area about 25 km north of Kuantan. Among the major companies operating in Kuantan are BASF PETRONAS Chemicals, MTBE/Polypropylene (M) Sdn Bhd, BP Chemicals, MTBE, Flexsys, Bredero Shaw Eastman Chemical, Kaneka, Polyplastics, Mieco, KNM, JiKang, W.R. Grace, Cryovac, Wasco Pipeline Coatings, AMC, etc.
Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
Kuantan is being identified as a Special Economic Zone (SEZ). The launch of SEZ in 2009 by Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak is of the first of its kind in Malaysia. The SEZ is located inside East Coast Economic Region (ECER) which stretches from Kertih to Pekan. It is now one of the large SEZs in Asia, covering 390,000 hectares. SEZ serves as a catalyst to fast-track the economic development in the east coast. SEZ aims to generate RM90 billion of investments and provide over 200,000 new jobs by 2020. At the centre of southeast Asia with four seaports (Kuantan Port as the main gateway) and two airports, ECER SEZ will serve good transportation link between Indochina, India, and China.
The development master plan will offer special incentives to attract investors. Include tax exemptions, import and export duties exemptions and 100 per cent investment tax allowance.
Kuantan's main sightseeing attraction is the beach at Teluk Cempedak. There are scenic beaches popular among vacationers in the city's vicinity, such as Batu Hitam, Balok, Chenor, Pantai Sepat, Beserah, and Cherating. Near Cherating (Club Med is located here) there are turtle sanctuaries. A few kilometres away from Cherating is Pulau Ular (Snake Island). There is a legend connected with this island.
Waterfalls and parks
There are four parks in the city, the Gelora Park, Teruntum Mini Zoo, Gambang Safari Park and Agriculture Park at Indera Mahkota. A small park across the main road (and next to the river) in front of the Hospital is named the Esplanade Park or Downtown Kuantan. Here, it is possible to go on a river cruise from the small jetty. The Kuantan area also produces handicrafts and batik. Other tourist attractions include the State Mosque (Masjid Negeri).
Sungai Lembing is located about 26 km northwest of Kuantan. It used to contain the world's deepest underground tin mines. There is an interesting Tin Museum in the former mining town of Sungai Lembing. Just north of the Tin Museum is a "hanging bridge" (jambatan bergantung). Access is via a narrow, winding road at the base of the entrance to the Tin Museum. There is another hanging bridge on the outskirts of Sungai Lembing town (visible from the main road, on the right side). There is a Panorama Hill which provides an impressive pre-dawn view. On the Kuantan-Sungai Lembing road at the hamlet of Pancing, there is a limestone mountain which houses a large reclining Buddha in one of its caves, Charah Cave. The highest peak, Gunung Tapis, also can be accessed from here.
Bukit Gambang Resort City (BGRC) is one of the largest water theme park resorts in Malaysia, spanning 547 acres and offering a 17.1-acre lake, and a 24,000 square feet wave pool. Bukit Gambang Safari Park, the biggest safari in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
The 5-star hotels in Kuantan are The Zenith Hotel and Mangala Resort and Spa, while the 4-star hotels include Hyatt Regency Kuantan Resort, Swiss-Garden Beach Resort, Vistana Hotel Kuantan, MS Garden Hotel, Samsuria Beach Resort & Residence and The Legend Resort.
Main shopping malls in Kuantan:
- East Coast Mall is a shopping mall which consists of built-up area of 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2) and houses a number of fashion labels including Charles & Keith, Bonia, Guess, Pandora, Esprit, Samsonite, Giordano, Clarks, Padini Concept Store, Brands Outlet, Quicksilver, Royal Sporting House, Carlo Rino and many more. Anchor tenants include AEON BiG, Parkson, a nine-screen GSC cinema complex and K Mix KTV. Located in Putra Square which consists of a hotel and corporate towers, convention centre and cultural towns.
- Berjaya Megamall opened in 1998 and is still a great place for shopping. Two concourse mall houses great fashion boutiques and shops. Berjaya Megamall has Parkson, Giant, Apple K KTV, Megalanes Bowling, a snooker centre, and a five-screen GSC cinema.
- Kuantan Parade Anchor's tenant is The Store. With great popularity, celebrities roadshows or events are always held here.
- Teruntum Complex. The earliest shopping mall in Kuantan. The complex is famous with cellular shop and Xanax KTV, which the biggest KTV in the East Coast.
Other shopping complexes are Kuantan Plaza, Pasar Besar (The Store), Mydin, Kamdar and Giant Hypermarket. There are also many supermarkets from the local retailer such Tunas Manja, Terus Maju, Eng Hong, Nirwana, LYC and Jaya Gading.
Kuantan is famous for its delicious fish crackers (called keropok in Malay) and salted fish, where the fish are marinated mainly with salt and left out to dry in the sun for days. 'Ikan Bakar' or grilled fish can be purchased at Tanjung Lumpur.
Very popular and sold by street vendors (especially at the night markets) are varieties of satay which consists of grilled meat on a stick which is dipped into peanut sauce and roti canai, a thick chapati-like bread dipped in a unique curry style sauce.
Many types of local food can be found at the Pasar (Market) at the town centre. A variety of Kuala Lipis noodles are available at the corner of the Pasar's entrance.
Kuantan is connected to Kuala Lumpur via the East Coast Expressway and Karak Expressway. Kuantan is now more accessible by road transportation than before, primarily because of the opening of East Coast Expressway. The East Coast Expressway, which begins in Gombak, Selangor and ends near Kuala Terengganu, also links Kuantan to other major towns in Pahang.
Besides Kuala Terengganu and Kota Bharu, the other two capitals of the east coast, the scenic coastal road (highway ) also runs southward through Pekan, Kuala Rompin, Mersing before terminating in Johor Bahru just before the interchange to Singapore. This route winds through verdant forests and small coastal towns, and a stretch of beautiful quiet beaches at Rompin and Lanjut. Alternatively, Tun Razak Highway that runs from the town of Segamat, Johor to Gambang and proceeding to Gambang-Kuantan Highway also connects Kuantan with Johor Bahru.
Kuantan Bypass is a highway that runs from Kuantan Port to Kuantan Airport. Interchange are available at Bandar Indera Mahkota, Bandar Damansara Kuantan, East Coast Expressway, Jerangau Highway , Semambu and major roads.
Alternatively, express buses to Kuantan depart from Kuala Lumpur. Tickets for these buses are available from Hentian Pekeliling or Terminal Bersepadu Selatan (TBS) in Kuala Lumpur. These express buses will stop at the Terminal Kuantan Sentral at Bandar Indera Mahkota. There's local bus services stationed at the bus stop in Kuantan General Market near the Darul Makmur Stadium. This station provides services to Cherating, Pekan and nearby destinations.
Besides, now Kuantan city has improved its public transportation system. RapidKuantan buses are accessible to most places in Kuantan even from Pekan, the neighbouring town of Kuantan city and from Kemaman in Terengganu. The main stop centre of RapidKuantan is near the General Market (Pasar Besar) and the Darul Makmur Stadium.
Kuantan is served by Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Airport. This is the only airport in Pahang State that is controlled by Malaysia Airport Bhd. Currently, the airlines that fly to Kuantan: Malaysia Airline System (MAS), Firefly and Malindo. Firefly has scheduled direct flights to Singapore and Penang. In 2009, the airport handled 226,912 passengers on 3,110 flights, though the airport is able to handle over one million passengers annually. In 2008, Taiwan and Tourism Malaysia had co-operated that there were 23 charter flights directly from Taipei to Kuantan Airport, this condition had made Kuantan Sultan Ahmad Shah Airport the first airport in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia that received international flights.Passengers have to walk from the plane to the arrival hall.
The same runway is used by the Royal Malaysian Air Force, which operates MIG-29s from the nearby Kuantan Royal Malaysian Air Force base.
Kuantan Port is a multipurpose port serving Kuantan and the east coast region.
In Indera Mahkota, there are the International Islamic University Medical Center International Islamic University Malaysia and the Kuantan Medical Centre.
There are several private medical centres operate in town: KPJ Pahang Specialist Hospital, Hospital Pakar PRK Muip, KCDC Hospital and Darul Makmur Medical Center.
A Community Health Centre serves suburbs such as Beserah, while smaller clinics are in smaller suburbs such as Bandar Indera Mahkota.
There are many institutes of higher learning in Kuantan. They are categorised as Institut Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA); public university or Institut Pengajian Tinggi Swasta (IPTS); private university. One of the public institutes in Kuantan is Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Polytechnic (POLISAS). Established in 1976, the second oldest polytechnic in Malaysia and the first institutes in Kuantan. POLISAS is able to accommodate 7,800 students. Sitting on 105 hectare site, POLISAS is one of the largest polytechnics in Malaysia with academic departments of Engineering (Civil, Land Surveying, Architecture, Mechanical, Electrical, Computer), Information Technology, Secretarial, Accounting, Food Technology and Data Processing.
The International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), which is a branch from the main campus in Gombak. There are two IIUM campuses in Kuantan. The Jalan Hospital campus (JHC) campus that opened on year 1997 and the 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) Indera Mahkota campus on year 2004. IIUM Kuantan focuses on medical related degree programmes offered through several faculties or Kulliyyahs such as: Kulliyyah of Medicine, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences (Radiography, Optometry, Dietetics, Audiology, Physiology and Biomedical Science), Kulliyyah of Nursing, and Kulliyyah of Science (Biotechnology, Computational and Theoritical Sciences (CTS), Applied Chemistry, Physics, Marine Science, Plant Science, and Applied Plant Science), Kulliyyah of Dentistry.
The Jalan Hospital campus (JHC) campus houses the notable IIUM Breast Centre, a centre devoted to the research and diagnosis of breast cancer.
Kolej Komuniti Kuantan was founded in 2001 and currently operating at a permanent campus in Bandar Indera Mahkota.
The Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) was founded in 2002 and located in Gambang. UMP offers undergraduates and postgraduates education mainly in engineering and technical fields through its 7 faculties and centre. UMP has a newly built main campus in Pekan.
Private colleges and institutes
- International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)
- Open University Malaysia (OUM)
- Kolej Universiti Islam Pahang Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah (KUIPSAS)
- Widad University College
- Kolej Yayasan Pahang
- Kolej Poly-Tech MARA
- Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang (KMPh)
- Olympia College
- Institut ECMA
- Institut Latihan Perindustrian Kuantan (ILP Kuantan)
- Institut Teknologi MIDAS
- Institut Saga
- Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi MARA (KKTM)
- Kolej Komuniti Paya Besar, Gambang
- Kolej Professional Mara Indera Mahkota
- Kolej PSDC
- Kolej Teknologi Cosmopoint
- Malaysian Aviation Training Academy (MATA Aviation)
Secondary school (high school) education is provided by Sekolah Kebangsaan (National School) (e.g., Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku Muhammad (SMKTPPTM) Primary and Secondary school), Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (National-type School) Chinese primary schools and Religious schools (e.g., SMA Al-Ihsan). All follow the syllabus and curriculum provided and regulated by the Malaysian Ministry of Education (Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia).
Alternatives to national education are provided by international schools which do not follow the Malaysian education curriculum. These include the Garden International School (preschool to grade 6) and the International School of Kuantan (grades 6 to 12).
In popular culture
- Kuantan features prominently in the first part of Nevil Shute's 1949 novel A Town Like Alice
- Kuantan is mentioned in the Command & Conquer video game series backstory as being a major base of operations of the Brotherhood of Nod.
- Box-office success local movie "Woohoo"(2010) was shot at Beserah, Kuantan.
Kuantan currently has one sister city:
|South China Sea|
|South China Sea|
|Pekan||South China Sea|
- "Key Summary Statistics For Local Authority Areas, Malaysia 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- http://www.pahang.gov.my/en/sejarah- |title=Establishment History |publisher=Official Portal Pahang State Government
- http://mpk.gov.my/en/mpk/profile/background |title=History : The Opening of Kuantan |publisher=Majlis Perbandaran Kuantan
- http://pdtkuantan.pahang.gov.my/index.php/2016-05-18-08-11-52/peta-keluasan |title=Peta & Keluasan |publisher=Pejabat Daerah dan Tanah Kuantan
- http://www.pahang.gov.my/en/sejarah- |title=Establishment History |publisher=Official Portal Pahang State Government
- http://pdtkuantan.pahang.gov.my/index.php/2016-05-18-08-11-52/peta-keluasan |title=Peta & Keluasan|publisher=Pejabat Daerah dan Tanah Kuantan
- "Kuantan Port expansion to improve economic ties with China – Nation – The Star Online". Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "New KL-East Coast double-track railway link planned". 16 March 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Kuantan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- "Klimatafel von Kuantan / Malaysia" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "BASF PETRONAS Chemicals". Basf-petronas.com.my. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "BP Chemicals". Bp.com. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "MTBE". Petronas.com.my. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "Eastman in the Automotive Industry – Overview". Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Bredero Shaw". Shawcor.com. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "Kaneka". Kaneka. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "Polyplastics". Polyplastics. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Mieco Archived 23 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- "JiKang". Jigang.com.cn. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Wasco Energy Limited. Wascoenergy.com. Retrieved on 27 September 2013.
- "AMC". Amcsb.com.my. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- "Show caves". Cavesofmalaysia.com.
- "About BGRC".
- Simon Khoo (14 February 2015). "Kuantan Port expansion to improve economic ties with China". The Star. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kuantan.|
- Official website of Kuantan Municipal Council
- Pahang Tourism Official Website
- Satellite Image of Kuantan City
- Weather forecast for Kuantan City
- Kuantan travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Visit Pahang Official Website