Abadan Refinery

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Abadan Refinery
Abadan Catalitic facilities.jpg
Abadan Refinery, 1970
Refinery details
Commissioned1912 (1912)
Capacity429,000 bbl/d (68,200 m3/d)

The Abadan refinery (Persian: پالایشگاه آبادانPālāyeshgāh-e Ābādān) is located in Abadan near the coast of the Persian Gulf. Built by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (later BP), it was completed in 1912 and was one of world's largest oil refineries. Its nationalisation in 1951 prompted the Abadan Crisis and ultimately the toppling of the democratically elected[1] prime minister Mossaddegh.[2]

The refinery was largely destroyed in September 1980 by Iraq during the initial stages of the Iraqi invasion of Iran's Khuzestan province, triggering the Iran–Iraq War.[citation needed] It had a capacity of 635,000 b/d in 1980 and formed a refinery complex with important petrochemical plants. Its capacity has been increased steadily since the war ended in 1988 and is now listed as 429,000 barrels per day (68,200 m3/d) of crude oil.[3]

In December 2017, Sinopec signed a $1 billion deal to expand the Abadan refinery.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kamin., Mohammadi; 1963-, Elliott, Mark (2004-01-01). Iran. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1740594258. OCLC 56651387.
  2. ^ "All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  3. ^ [1]Archived 2014-07-25 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Sinopec Signs $1b Abadan Refinery Expansion Deal". Financial Tribune. Retrieved 7 January 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Abadan Refinery at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 30°20′45.57″N 48°16′29.3″E / 30.3459917°N 48.274806°E / 30.3459917; 48.274806