Abkhazian constitutional referendum, 1999

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A constitutional referendum was held in Abkhazia on 3 October 1999, alongside presidential elections. Voters were asked whether they approved of the constitution that had been approved by the Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1994,[1] together with an amendment abolishing the life term for appointed judges and replacing it with five year terms.[2] It was approved by 97.7% of voters. However, ethnic Georgians who had been expelled from Abkhazia during the conflict of 1992–93 did not participate in the referendum and the results were not recognised internationally.[3]


Choice Votes %
For 97.7
Against 2.3
Invalid/blank votes
Total 100
Registered voters/turnout 219,534 87.6
Source: RRC


Following the referendum, the Abkhazian government passed the Act of State Independence of the Republic of Abkhazia on 12 October.


  1. ^ Wilfried Marxer (2012) Direct Democracy and Minorities, Springer Science & Business Media, p69
  2. ^ Georgia blasts plans for Abkhaz referendum Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty, 1 September 1999
  3. ^ Kohen, Marcelo G. (2006). Secessión: international law perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 117. ISBN 0-521-84928-4.