President of Abkhazia

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President of the Republic of Abkhazia
Flag of the President of Abkhazia.svg
Raul Khajimba.jpeg
Raul Khajimba

since 25 September 2014
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Vladislav Ardzinba
Formation 26 November 1994
Coat of arms of Abkhazia.svg
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The position of President of Abkhazia was created in 1994. Before the office of president was created the head of state position was known as the Chairman of Parliament between 1992 and the creation of the 1994 constitution. Before the position of Chairman of Parliament, the highest office in Abkhazia was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet. The post would last from the declaration of sovereignty from the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic on 25 August 1990 until the outright declaration of independence on 23 July 1992.

Oath of office[edit]

During Alexander Ankvab's presidency, Parliament decided to scrap from the Presidential oath the phrase:

Жәлар рылахь соуааит иҧшьоу абри ахақәкы сацәхьаҵны саныҟала
If I deviate from this path, then let me be punished by my people

During a meeting on 16 July 2014, following the Ankvab's May 2014 ouster, Parliament decided to restore this phrase. According to Vice Speaker Emma Gamisonia, the decision to remove the phrase had been taken because it was perceived as a curse, following the premature death of Abkhazia's first two Presidents, Vladislav Ardzinba and Sergei Bagapsh. MP Daur Arshba claimed that the decision had been taken illegally, without the necessary quorum.[1]

On 18 August, the People's Assembly of Abkhazia additionally adopted a bill authored by Said Kharazia, and first proposed by him during the meeting on 16 July, addding the invocation[1][2]

Иа Анцәа Ду, суҳәоит Сыԥсадгьыли сыуаажәлари рымаҵ аураҿы амчи алшареи суҭарц!
Almighty God, give me strength to serve country and people!

Non-Presidential Heads of State[edit]

Head of State Position Took office Left office Party
1 Valerian Kobakhiya Chairman of the Supreme Soviet 25 August 1990 24 December 1990 Communist Party of Abkhazia
2 Vladislav Ardzinba Chairman of the Supreme Soviet 24 December 1990 23 July 1992 Communist Party of Abkhazia
3 Vladislav Ardzinba Chairman of Parliament 23 July 1992 26 November 1994 Independent

List of Presidents of Abkhazia[edit]

President Took office Left office Party Vice President(s)
1 Vladislav Ardzinba 26 November 1994 12 February 2005 Independent Valery Arshba
2 Sergei Bagapsh 12 February 2005 29 May 2011
(died in office)
United Abkhazia Raul Khadjimba (2005–2009)
Alexander Ankvab (2009–2011)
3 Alexander Ankvab 29 May 2011
Acting President
until 26 September 2011
1 June 2014
Aitaira Mikhail Logua (2011–2013)
Valeri Bganba
Acting President
1 June 2014 25 September 2014 Independent Vacant
4 Raul Khajimba 25 September 2014 Incumbent Forum for the National Unity of Abkhazia Vitali Gabnia

See also[edit]

Latest elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 24 August 2014 Abkhazian presidential election results
Presidential candidate Vice Presidential candidate votes %
Raul Khajimba Vitali Gabnia 50,586 50.60
Aslan Bzhania Astan Agrba 35,869 35.88
Mirab Kishmaria Said Lolua 6,390 6.39
Leonid Dzapshba Boris Abitov 3,397 3.40
Against all 1,870 1.87
Invalid 1,854 1.85
Total number of votes cast 99,966 100.00
Turnout 99,966 75.24
Abstention 32,895 24.76
Total number of registered voters 132,861 100.00
Source: Apsnypress


External links[edit]