Acca Larentia killings
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Acca Larentia killings refers to the deaths of three members the Youth Front of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), an Italian neo-fascist organization, that occurred in Rome on January 7 1978. Two were killed while they were distributing pamphlets outside of MSI headquarters; the third was killed few hours later, during the anti-police riots organized at the site of the killings.
Just out from headquarters, five MSI members were fired upon from a group of five or six assailants armed with automatic weapons. Franco Bigonzetti and Francesco Ciavatta were killed; Vincenzo Segneri, although wounded in one arm, was able to retreat to MSI headquarters - equipped with an armored door - along with two others: Maurizio Lupini and Giuseppe D'Audino, both unharmed. The news quickly spread in the hours following the attack and an astonished crowd, composed mainly of Roman ISM activists, gathered on the site of the attack which was cordoned off by the Carabinieri. For reasons and circumstances still unclear, riots erupted and required the intervention of police armed with tear gas. The equipment of the RAI journalists on scene were damaged, and the then national secretary of the youth front, Gianfranco Fini, was slightly wounded by a tear gas canister fired by police.
Carabinieri Captain Edoardo Sivori shot Stefano Recchioni, to which the singer-songwriter Fabrizio Marzi dedicated the song "Giovinezza" ("Youth") in 1979. Recchioni died after two days of hospitalization.
The first anniversary
On January 10, 1979, riots broke out in memory of the killings in the Roman district of Centocelle during which police officer Alessio Speranza - then in plain-clothes - shot and killed Alberto Giaquinto, then seventeen years old. The agent was acquitted of any charges.
The thirtieth anniversary
On January 7, 2008, a candlelight vigil was held in honor of the victims and all those killed in the Years of Lead, marching from Piazza San Giovanni crossing via Tuscolana until the place of the shooting - Acca Larentia - where were recalled and remembered the names of the three killed boys whose memories were honored with Nazi salutes.
Rhythm 'n Blood, [dialoghi in controtempo] a film by Kaspar Hauser, 2008, the documentary relate the massacre and the following attack to "Radio Città Futura", a movement radio based in Rome
- Luca Telese, Cuori Neri. Dal rogo di Primavalle alla morte di Ramelli, 2006, ISBN 88-200-3615-0
- Massimiliano Morelli, Acca Larentia-Asfalto nero sangue, 2008, ISBN 978-88-88329-84-0
- Andrea Colombo, Storia Nera, Bologna La verità di Francesca Mambro e Valerio Fioravanti, Cairo editore, 2007, ISBN 978-88-6052-091-3