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Lord of the Pasito Church
Lord of the Pasito Church
Official seal of Aculco
Aculco municipality
Aculco municipality
Aculco is located in Mexico
Aculco municipality
Coordinates: 20°05′54″N 99°49′37″W / 20.09833°N 99.82694°W / 20.09833; -99.82694Coordinates: 20°05′54″N 99°49′37″W / 20.09833°N 99.82694°W / 20.09833; -99.82694
StateState of Mexico
RegionAtlacomulco Region
Municipal seatAculco de Espinoza
Municipal status1825
 • Municipal PresidentJorge Alfredo Osornio Victoria (2019–2021)
 • Municipality492.13 km2 (190.01 sq mi)
(of seat)
2,450 m (8,040 ft)
 (2010) Municipality
 • Municipality44,823[1]
 • Seat
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (US Central))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
Postal code (of seat)
Official nameTown of Aculco, Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
CriteriaII, IV
Designated2010 (34th session)
Reference no.1351
State PartyMexico
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

Aculco is a municipality located in the Atlacomulco Region of the State of Mexico in Mexico. The municipality is located to northwestern Mexico State. The name comes from Nahuatl.[2] The municipal seat is the town of Aculco de Espinoza, although both the town and municipality are commonly referred to as simply "San Jerónimo Aculco".

The municipality is 110 kilometers away from Mexico City, and is known for its artisans and cheeses, according to El Heraldo.[3] Aculco currently has a population of over 44,823 inhabitants.[4][5] The mayor or municipal president of Aculco is Jorge Alfredo Osnornio.[3]


Aculco was founded approximately in 1110 AD by the Otomies, despite the fact that its name comes from Nahuatl. After being a village inhabited by Otomies for long time, it became a region dominated by the Mexicas, who lived there many years before the founding of Tenochtitlan.[5]

With the arrival of the Spanish in 1540, construction on the church and the convent of San Jeronimo began. In November 1810, Miguel Hidalgo and his contingent, who began the Mexican War of Independence, arrived in the region. Aculco was also where insurgents, led by Don Miguel Hidalgo, lost a battle against the troops of Felix Ma. Calleja.[5]

During the nineteenth century, the town hall and the first primary school in the region were constructed. Public baths and a municipal pool were also built.

On February 19, 1825, it became a municipality. In 1914 and 1915, Aculco was the scene of clashes led by the revolutionaries’ carrancistas, villistas and Zapatistas.[5]


Concepción waterfall.

The municipality of Aculco has a geographical extent of 484.7 square kilometres (187.1 sq mi). That represents 2.18% of Mexico State, of which it is a part of.[5] Aculco borders Polotitlán in the north, Querétaro in the south, and Acambay and Timilpan in the south.[6] It is approximately 100 kilometers away from or over 1 hour from Toluca, Toluca.


Aculco has a relatively cool, humid climate, with rain in the summer. The annual average temperature is of 13.2 °C (55.8 °F), with the lowest temperature occurring in the winter. The rain season starts at the end of March or beginning of April and lasts until October or November.[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Black phoebe, a native bird.

There is a diversity in plants and animals of temperate climate and semi-arid climate (Mezquital Valley).

Native animals include: cacomistle, skunk, gopher, Virginia opossum, rabbit, Mexican gray squirrel, turkey, colibri, turkey vulture, northern mockingbird, rattlesnake, pine snake, black phoebe, rufous-crowned sparrow, great horned owl, axolotl, frog, toad, red ant, bee, and others.



Sworn in to the role on December 13, 2018, Aculco Jorge Alfredo Osornio Victoria will remain president until 2021.[7] He was previously a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party.[8]

Mayor Time
PRI logo (Mexico).svg Vicente Sosa Alcántara 2000-2003
Worker's Party logo (Mexico).svg Jesús Alejandro Aguilar Sánchez 2003-2006
PRI logo (Mexico).svg Francisco Javier Venancio Ramirez 2006-2009
PRI logo (Mexico).svg Marcos Javier Sosa Alcantara 2009-2012
Logo Partido Verde (México).svg Salvador del Rio Martínez 2013-2015
PRI logo (Mexico).svg Aurora González Ledezma 2016-2018
PRI logo (Mexico).svg Jorge Alfredo Osornio Victoria 2019-2021


The main economic activity of Aculco is the ranching of animals like pigs and sheep. The municipality's principal products include milk, fur, wool and egg. Aculco's inner commerce principally occurs at the municipal market, while its outer commerce is with Toluca, Mexico City and Querétaro.

Another major economic activity of Aculco is the exploitation of natural resources like sand, with quarries present in the region.[9] The municipality is also home to a metal structure manufacturing company.[5]

Aculco is famous for the dairy products it produces. In 2019, Aculco has about 60 artisan workshops for cheese and dairy production.[10]


Aculco contains a number of notable geographic features. Two cascades are located in the area: "Tixhiñu" and "la Concepción". Rivers including the Río Ñadó and Río Prieto also flow through the municipality.

Aculco is home to numerous historic sites, including the San Jerónimo and the "Garrido Varela" bullring,[6] as well as the former residence of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. Two busts are located in Aculco in the memory of Benito Juarez and Miguel Hidalgo.[5]


According to INEGI, in 2005, Aculco has a population of over 40,000. The ethnic composition is mainly Otomi.[5][5]

Over 16,000 people in the region are illiterate.[11]

Communities belonging to the municipality[edit]

Large Town 2010 Census Population
Total 44 823[12]
San Lucas Totolmaloya 3 770
San Jerónimo Barrio 2 322
Gunyo Poniente 2 138
Aculco de Espinoza 1 823
San Pedro Danxhi 1 119
Ñadó Buenavista
Cieneguilla de González
Arroyo Zarco

Other communities include:

  • Arroyo Zarco
  • Arroyo Zarco Ejido
  • Ñado Buenavista
  • Bañe
  • Bimbo
  • Decandeje
  • Ejido de Santa María Nativitas
  • Ejido de Totolopan
  • Ejido Decandeje (Chapala Ejido Decandeje)
  • Ejido las Ánimas
  • Ejido San Joaquín Coscomatepec
  • El Azafrán (Santa Rosa el Azafrán)
  • El Bonxhi
  • El Bosque
  • El Colorado
  • El Mogote
  • El Rincón
  • El Tixhiñu
  • El Zethe (Jazmín)
  • Encinillas Ejido
  • Fondo
  • Gunyo Oriente
  • Gunyo Poniente (San José Gunyo)
  • Higuerillas
  • Huizachal
  • Jurica
  • La Cofradía Grande
  • La Concepción Ejido
  • La Concepción Pueblo
  • La Cuesta
  • La Esperanza
  • La Estancia
  • La Pera
  • La Presita Segundo Cuartel
  • La Soledad Barrio
  • La Soledad Ejido
  • Las Lajas
  • Loma Alta Cabresteros
  • Loma Alta Ejido Bañe (Bañe Barrio CONASUPO)
  • Los Ailes
  • Los Gavilanes
  • Presa del Tepozán
  • Rancho Chapala
  • San Antonio Arroyo Zarco
  • San Antonio el Zethe
  • San Antonio Pueblo
  • San Francisquito
  • San Jerónimo Barrio
  • San Jerónimo Ejido
  • San Joaquín Coscomatepec
  • San Lucas Totolmaloya
  • San Martín Ejido
  • San Pedro Denxhi
  • Santa Ana Matlavat
  • Santa Ana Oxtoc-toxhie
  • Santa María Nativitas
  • Santiago Oxtoc-Toxhie
  • Taxtho


The foundation of the Aculco municipality is celebrated on February 19.[13] In March and April, the municipality holds a scenic performance of Semana Mayor that starts on Holy Thursday, in honor of Señor Nenthé.[13] There is a festival to the Saint Patron Saint Jerome on September 30, including regional fairs, dances, and food.[13]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Aculco Municipality, SEDESOL, September 29, 2019.
  2. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Aculco" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on September 29, 2019. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Aculco Municipality, SEDESOL, September 29, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  6. ^ a b "Aculco". Archived from the original on 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Gaspar Sampayo, Domingo. Monografía Municipal - Aculco. Mexico: Gobierno del Estado de Mexico. ISBN 968-841-079-9.
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Sitios de México". Archived from the original on 2009-12-05. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ Aculco Municipality, SEDESOL, September 29, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c
  14. ^ IRI - FAMILY SEARCH. Mexico Catholic Church Records, Mexico, Aculco de Espinoza, San Jerónimo, Bautismos de hijos legítimos 1842-1854. Obtained on February 28, 2012 from
  15. ^ Parapanamericanos Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine -

External links[edit]