Swāmī Agehānanda Bhāratī (अगेहानन्द भारती) (Vienna, April 20, 1923 – New York, May 14, 1991) was the monastic name of Leopold Fischer, professor of Anthropology at Syracuse University for over 30 years. He was an academic Sanskritist, a writer on religious subjects, and a Hindu monk in the Dasanami Sannyasi order.
Fischer was born in Vienna, Austria on April 20, 1923, to Hans and Margarete Fischer. Growing up, he joined the Indian Club and began to study Hindi and classical Sanskrit, which led to his decision to become an Indologist. Later, Fischer became a member of Adolf Hitler’s “Free India Legion” and converted to Hinduism, taking on the name Ramachandra.
Although he attended the University of Vienna, Bharati kept up his studies as a monk and took up teaching as well. Agehananda Bharati's travels were as extensive as his teachings were impressive. He was a professional expert in Cultural Anthropology, South Asian Studies, Linguistics, and Comparative Philosophy. Most of these subjects he taught in Delhi University, Banaras Hindu University, and Nalanda Institute in India. He also taught in a Buddhist Academy in Bangkok, Thailand where he first began his teachings on Comparative Religion. Bharati became a visiting professor on Indian philosophy in the University of Tokyo and Kyoto.
In 1956 Bharati came to the U.S. as a research associate for Washington University. A year later he transferred to Syracuse and joined the anthropology faculty. He settled down in Syracuse and became Ford-Maxwell Professor of South Asian Studies. It wasn't long before he became the chairman of his department. He was granted U.S. citizenship in 1968. Although he lived in Syracuse that didn't mean that he stopped traveling. He managed to go to Hawaii, Britain, Michigan, Soviet Union, Germany, and Ireland for research and as a visiting professor.
Bharati had become a member of numerous organizations including: American Association of University Professors, American Anthropological Association (fellow), Association for Applied Anthropology (fellow), American Linguistic Society, International Association for General Semantics, Mensa International, Mind Association, Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Royal Philosophical Society, Royal Siam Society, International Academy of Human Rights, and New York Academy of Sciences. (Contemporary Authors, 2003) Agehananda Bharati died on May 14, 1991, of cancer at the age of 68, in a friend's house in Pittsford, New York.
In his life, Agehananda Bharati was a warrior, a monk, a student, a teacher, an author, and a traveler. By the time of his death Bharati had over 500 published works, including an autobiography called The Ochre Robe.
- The Tantric Tradition. London : Rider, 1966. Revised Edition: Red Wheel Weiser, 1975. ISBN 0877282536
- The Light at the Center: Context and Pretext of Modern Mysticism. Santa Barbara, CA : Ross-Erikson. 1976. ISBN 0-915520-04-4
- The Ochre Robe : An Autobiography. Second Revised Edition, with New Epilog. Santa Barbara, CA : Ross-Erikson, 1980. ISBN 0-915520-28-1
- Jones, Constance (2007). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 55. ISBN 0816073368.
- Narvaez, Alfonso (May 16, 1991). "Prof. A. Bharati, 68, A Monk Who Served On Syracuse Faculty". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- Agehananda Bharati Papers An inventory of his papers at the Syracuse University Archives, with Biography and Bibliography
- Brief academic biography at the homepage of the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs
- Shauna Arth (2003), Agehananda Bharati, 1923-1991 (Anthropology Biography Web), archived from the original on June 3, 2010
Bibliography and book review
- Selected Publications of Prof. Agehananda Bharati at the homepage of the Maxwell School of Syracuse University
- Review of The Light at the Center by Brad Darrach, Time Magazine September 13, 1976
Articles available online
- Fictitious Tibet: The Origin and Persistence of Rampaism, an article published in Tibet Society Bulletin (Bloomington, Ind.), Vol. 7, 1974
- Excerpts from The Light at the Center on LSD and zero-experiences
- Past and Future Trends in Contemporary Hinduism