Ahmad Faraz

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Ahmed Faraz
احمد فراز
Ahmadfaraz1.jpg
Ahmad Faraz, in Toronto 2005
Born Syed Ahmad Shah Ali
(1931-01-12)12 January 1931
Kohat, NWFP, British India (now Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)
Died 25 August 2008(2008-08-25) (aged 77)
Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan
Pen name Faraz Urdu: فراز
Occupation Urdu poet, Lecturer
Nationality Pakistani
Ethnicity Pashtun
Citizenship Pakistani
Education MA degrees in Urdu and Persian languages
Alma mater
Peshawar University
Period 1950–2008
Genre Urdu Ghazal
Subject Romance, political resistance
Literary movement Progressive Writers Movement, Democratic Movement
Notable awards Hilal-e-Imtiaz
Sitara-i-Imtiaz
Nigar Awards
Children Saadi, Shibli Faraz and Sarmad Faraz

Ahmed Faraz (Urdu: احمد فراز‎, born Syed Ahmed Shah (Urdu: سید احمد شاہ‎) on 12 January 1931[1] in Kohat,[2] [3] died 25 August 2008) was a Pakistani Urdu poet. He was acclaimed as one of the best modern Urdu poets of the last century. 'Faraz' is his pen name, (in Urdu takhalus). He died in Islamabad on 25 August 2008.[4][5] He was awarded Hilal-e-Imtiaz, Sitara-i-Imtiaz and after his death Hilal-e-Pakistan by the Government of Pakistan.

Early life[edit]

Ahmad Faraz was born in Kohat, (then British India) to Syed Muhammad Shah Barq. His brother is Syed Masood Kausar. He moved to Peshawar with his family. He studied in famous Edwards College, Peshawar and received Masters in Urdu and Persian from Peshawar University.[6]

During his college life, the progressive poets Faiz Ahmad Faiz and Ali Sardar Jafri were his best friends, who impressed him and became his role models.[7] Ethnically a Pashtun Syed, Ahmad Faraz studied Persian and Urdu at the Peshawar University. He later became a lecturer at the Peshawar University.

Career[edit]

Ahmad Faraz served as Chairman, National Book Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan.[8]

Literary work[edit]

Faraz has been compared with Faiz Ahmad Faiz,[6] holds a unique position as one of the best poets of current times, with a fine but simple style of writing. Even common people can easily understand his poetry.

In an interview with Rediff of BBC News, he recalls how his father, once bought clothes for him on Eid. He didn't like the clothes meant for him, but preferred the ones meant for his elder brother. This led him to write his first couplet:

:سب کے واسطے لائے ہیں کپڑے سیل سے

:لائے ہیں میرے لیے قیدی کا کمبل جیل سے

Sab kay waste laye hein kaprye sale se

Laye hein mere liye qaidi ka kambal jail se

(He brought clothes for everybody from the 'sale')

(For me, he brought a blanket of a prisoner from jail)[9]

Political activity[edit]

Faraz was arrested for writing poems that criticised military rulers in Pakistan during the Zia-ul-Haq era. Following that arrest, he went into a self-imposed exile.[5] He stayed for 6 years in Britain, Canada and Europe before returning to Pakistan, where he was initially appointed Chairman, Pakistan Academy of Letters and later chairperson of the Islamabad-based National Book Foundation for several years. He has been awarded with numerous national and international awards. In 2006, he returned the Hilal-e-Imtiaz award he was given in 2004.[6]

He mentioned his current writings and said: "I now only write when I am forced to, from the inside."[citation needed] Maintaining a tradition established by his mentor, the revolutionary Faiz Ahmad Faiz, he wrote some of his best poetry during the days when he was in exile. Famous among the 'poetry of resistance' has been "Mahasara". Faraz was also mentioned by actor Shahzada Ghaffar in the Pothwari/Mirpuri telefilm "Khai Aye O".

Death[edit]

Faraz died of kidney failure in a local Islamabad hospital on 25 August 2008. His funeral was held on the evening of 26th, by many admirers and government officials at H-8 Graveyard, Islamabad, Pakistan.[10][11]

Samples of poetry[edit]

A sample of his poetry is:

Nazm:

'Wo adakar hi kya

Wo adakar hi kya jis ka naam Seaan Mozzam Hussain

Khwaab martay naheen

Khwaab martay naheen

Khwaab dil hain, nah aankhen, nah saansen keh jo

Rezaa, rezaa huwe to bikhar jaayen ge

Jism kii maut se ye bhii mar jaayen ge

English translation.

Dreams do not die

Dream are heart, nor eyes nor breath

Which shattered, will scatter

Die with the death of the body

Another poetic translation of the above

Dreams do not die

Dreams are heart, nor eyes nor a breath

Which shatter and then they scatter,

Die they all, with end being nigh

List of Works/Bibliography[edit]

  • Pas-e-Andaz-e-Mausam[12]
  • Shehr-e-Sukhan Arasta Hai (Kulliyaat)
    Collection of the following books:
    • Pas-e-Andaz-e-Mausam

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tribute to a legend: Remembering Ahmed Faraz". The Express Tribune (Karachi, Pakistan). 12 January 2015. , Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  2. ^ "About Faraz". Ahmad Faraz Trust. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  3. ^ http://allpoetry.com/Ahmad-Faraz, Ahmad Faraz 'Profile', allpoetry.com website, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  4. ^ http://archives.dailytimes.com.pk/national/26-Aug-2008/ahmed-faraz-poet-of-love-and-defiance, Ahmad Faraz, poet of love and defiance, published 26 Aug 2008, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  5. ^ a b "سلسلے توڑ گیا وہ سبھی جاتے جاتے". BBC.co.uk. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 2016-01-28. , BBC Urdu.com website, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  6. ^ a b c "Ahmed Faraz, Outspoken Urdu Poet". The New York Times.com. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  7. ^ http://www.siliconeer.com/past_issues/2007/siliconeer_september_2007.html#Anchor--CULTU-22201, Ahmad Faraz 'Profile', published Sep 2007, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  8. ^ http://www.ahmadfaraztrust.org/about_faraz.html, Biography of Ahmad Faraz, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  9. ^ "Ahmad Faraz's Interview". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-01-29. , Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  10. ^ http://archives.dailytimes.com.pk/national/21-Jul-2008/coming-week-critical-for-ahmed-faraz, Ahmad Faraz in 'critical condition' in a U.S. hospital, published 21 Jul 2008, Daily Times newspaper, Retrieved 28 Jul 2016
  11. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/pakistan/leading-urdu-poet-faraz-laid-to-rest-1.126834, Ahmad Faraz laid to rest, Gulf News newspaper, published 26 Aug 2008, Retrieved 28 Jan 2016
  12. ^ Shehr-e-Sukhan Arasta Hai

External links[edit]