Akobo, South Sudan
|Elevation||1,600 ft (500 m)|
|Population (2011 Estimate)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Akobo is a town in South Sudan.
It is located in Akobo County, Eastern Bieh, in the northeastern part of South Sudan, near the International border with Ethiopia. Its location lies approximately 450 kilometres (280 mi), by road, northeast of Juba, the capital and largest city in the country.
AKOBO HISTORY- LAND AND PEOPLE.
Akobo massacre In 1983, in broad day light, in the very eye of the Government, the army and organized forces brutally massacred the Anywaa people in hundreds. Men, women, and children were killed indiscriminately. Children were ushered into the huts and set ablaze. Others were shot or speared to death. Others were hacked with pangas or stabbed with knives. Prominent Lou Nuer (MOR) officials were assigned the Task of executing the plan with support of the Nuer policemen, prison, and game warders, to direct and supervise the massacre. Look at how ruthlessly the Nuer can kill the nephews and neighbors including uncles of their children in cold blood. It was a disregard of the bond of intermarriages. The commissioner of Jonglei Province, Mr. Michael Mario (Nuer), pretended to rescue the situation by taking the survivors of Anywaa from Akobo town, including teachers and other government officials to Pibor town instead of controlling the situation. Actually, it was an attempt to vacate Akobo for the Nuer and to accelerate the occupation of the Ciro lands without the Anywaa intellectuals seeing what was taking place. The proper way was to bring the killers to justice or take them away to Lou if it was not a plan. The then South Sudan government did nothing. The influential Lou politicians were there. They were the ones who masterminded the whole thing in the first place. Akobo town completely remained without any single Anywaa except for those in far away villages hiding from the government killers.
The War within The War The atrocities of Anya-Nya I period repeated itself again. The year 1983 the SPLM/A established itself as a strong force against the Arabs. The Arabs targeted the Anywaa again for hosting the SPLA. The Nuer had the opportunity of double dealing again. They asked the Arabs to provide guns to guard and fight against the SPLA. It was a cheap token foken but an opportunity for the Nuer to use that gun against the Anywaa. It started harshly and sadly for Ciro Anywaa sub tribe but it was also a year where Ciro Anywaa identified their heroism to struggle for marginalized people of Sudan to be free, equal, and dignified. While Anywaa were engaged in SPLA/M, and others hiding in refuge, the Nuer were planning a revenge to compensate for the lives lost in the failed attack of 1981 once again.
Through Arab Governments, that facilitated the Nuer encroachment on the Anywaa land over the years and with Arab guns, the Lou Nuer militia pursued the Ciro Anywaa everywhere. The continuous Lou Nuer militia attacks on Anywaa villages over the years of SPLA/M fighting with Sudan Governments pushed Ciro Anywaa out of their villages to Ethiopia. This had a far-reaching effect on the Anywaa till the present day. At present the Nuer occupy Akobo County calling it their land by force. Prominent Nuer leaders are the ones pushing this domination ahead using their positions in the GoSS and the GoNU.
Now the long civil war of Sudan is over and the South Sudan has attained the long-awaited objectives and will soon decide its own destiny. The CPA grants to all nationalities of South Sudan the right to exist and to develop their own culture within its border of 1956. The IDPS and Refugees of all South Sudan nationalities are returning to their original homeland to rebuild their lives. Anywaa of Akobo have nowhere to return. Lou Nuer occupy their homesteads. As a result of this occupation, the Anywaa voice cannot be heard at all levels of government. Look at this: Akobo commissioner is a Nuer. Akobo representatives in Bor, Juba and Khartoum are all Nuer. All these appointments happened without consultation with the Anywaa. Anywaa proposed names for appointment. All names were deleted by the Nuer. Where is the coexistence and equality that the Nuer preach all the time?
The above is the grim reality of Akobo and the Anywaa lives at this time.
Source and Contribution: Community Elders.
References: Collins, Rober O. -Shadows in the Grass, 1983, Yale University. Collins, Rober O. -Land Beond the Rivers, 1971, Yale University Press. E.E. Evans-Pritchard – The Political System of the Anyuak of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan,
2004, Beg: Oxford-New York Previously by The London School of Economics and Political Science, 1940, London, UK.
Is Akobo a controversial issue? Let's rewrite its history. Why is the Anywaa disadvantaged and marginalized in peace time? Anywaa Past Sufferings in the Hands of Governments and the Lou Nuer. War Does Not Pay: It is Time for Law and Order. The Nuer also fight for property rights. The Nuer Monopoly against the Anuak Presenting concerns to the President is not Tribalism. The Current wave of Nuer migration
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As of July 2011[update], the population of Akobo, the town, is approximately 1,000. According to the Sudanese census, which was boycotted by the South Sudanese government, Akobo County's population was 136,210 in 2008.
Notable landmarks in the town of Akobo, include the following:
- The offices of Akobo Town Council
- The headquarters of Akobo County Administration
- Two rivers - The Pibor River to the west of Akobo and the Akobo River to the east of town. River Akobo empties into River Pibor at the border town of Diboc.
- Akobo has a clinic which was built in 1911 and a hospital which was built between 1976 and 1983. Akobo has three primary schools and one intermediate high school.
- Akobo Heritage and Memorial University - An institution of higher learning
- Akobo Airport - A civilian airport
- "Appointed govt of 'Eastern Bieh' to send advance team to Akobo". Radio Tamzuj. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Map Showing Juba And Akobo With Distance Marker
- Estimated Population of Akobo In 2011