Aksha, Russia

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Coordinates: 50°16′54″N 113°17′13″E / 50.28167°N 113.28694°E / 50.28167; 113.28694

Aksha (Russian: Акша) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Akshinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Aksha and Onon Rivers, 169 kilometers (105 mi) south of Chita. Population: 3,941 (2010 Census);[1] 4,129 (2002 Census);[2] 4,637 (1989 Census).[3]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1750 as a Cossack frontier fort to prevent penetration of the Chinese into the Russian territory. Since then it was used as a prison and many famous political criminals were sent there. In 1872, it was granted town status, but was demoted to a rural locality after the October Revolution. The prison was also abolished after the Revolution.

Climate[edit]

Aksha has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc) bordering on a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb), with severely cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is quite low, but is much higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Aksha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
8.4
(47.1)
19.1
(66.4)
29.4
(84.9)
34.6
(94.3)
39.8
(103.6)
41.7
(107.1)
37.2
(99)
34.1
(93.4)
26.3
(79.3)
14.6
(58.3)
5.3
(41.5)
41.7
(107.1)
Average high °C (°F) −14.1
(6.6)
−9
(16)
−0.2
(31.6)
9.0
(48.2)
17.6
(63.7)
23.8
(74.8)
25.2
(77.4)
22.9
(73.2)
16.4
(61.5)
7.7
(45.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
6.9
(44.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.9
(−7.4)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−8.6
(16.5)
1.5
(34.7)
9.7
(49.5)
16.1
(61)
18.3
(64.9)
15.8
(60.4)
8.6
(47.5)
0.0
(32)
−11.7
(10.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
Average low °C (°F) −29.1
(−20.4)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
0.0
(32)
6.9
(44.4)
10.8
(51.4)
8.6
(47.5)
0.9
(33.6)
−7.6
(18.3)
−18.9
(−2)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−9
(16)
Record low °C (°F) −47.2
(−53)
−50.1
(−58.2)
−40
(−40)
−29.7
(−21.5)
−16.9
(1.6)
−7.2
(19)
−0.8
(30.6)
−2.2
(28)
−10
(14)
−26
(−15)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−46.4
(−51.5)
−50.1
(−58.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.3
(0.209)
7.3
(0.287)
7.6
(0.299)
15.4
(0.606)
27.0
(1.063)
56.6
(2.228)
108.2
(4.26)
84.8
(3.339)
42.4
(1.669)
16.9
(0.665)
5.3
(0.209)
8.2
(0.323)
385.0
(15.157)
Average relative humidity (%) 74.3 68.5 59.2 48.7 46.9 56.1 65.1 67.7 61.2 59.9 68.8 75.6 62.7
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Aksha, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 23, 2013.