Alexander Travis Hawthorn

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Brigadier-General
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Alexander Travis Hawthorn.jpg
Born (1825-01-10)January 10, 1825
Conecuh County, Alabama
Died May 31, 1899(1899-05-31) (aged 74)
Dallas, Texas
Buried at Greenwood Cemetery,
Marshall, Texas
(32°33′14.4″N 94°22′33.2″W / 32.554000°N 94.375889°W / 32.554000; -94.375889Coordinates: 32°33′14.4″N 94°22′33.2″W / 32.554000°N 94.375889°W / 32.554000; -94.375889)
Allegiance  United States
 Confederate States
Service/branch United States Volunteers
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1847–1848 (USA)
1861–1865 (CSA)
Rank Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg First Lieutenant (USV)
Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier-General (CSA)
Commands held 6th Arkansas Infantry Regiment
Hawthorn's Brigade
Battles/wars

Mexican–American War
American Civil War

Spouse(s) Anna Hawthorn
Other work Lawyer, merchant, Baptist minister

Alexander Travis Hawthorn (January 10, 1825 – May 31, 1899) was a Brigadier-General from Arkansas in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States.[1]

Early life[edit]

Alexander Travis Hawthorn was born in Conecuh County, Alabama on January 10, 1825 and was educated at Evergreen Academy and Mercer University. He then studied law at Yale University for two years, from 1846 to 1847, and relocated to Camden, Arkansas, where he commenced the practice of law.[2]

American Civil War[edit]

When the 6th Arkansas Infantry Regiment was organized in 1861, Hawthorn was elected first its lieutenant Colonel and then, the following spring, was appointed its Colonel. He was present at the Battle of Shiloh and took a gallant part in the assault on Hindman Hill, in 1863, during the attack on Helena, Arkansas.[3] In 1864 he led a brigade in Major General Churchill's division, during the joint campaign of the Federal Generals Banks and Steele; and was a participant in the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry.[4][5] Meanwhile, he had been promoted Brigadier General from February 18, 1864. He continued in Churchill's division until the close of the Civil War.[6]

Later life[edit]

Hawthorn emigrated to Brazil in 1867, but returned to the United States in 1874 and engaged in business in Atlanta. Six years later he entered the Baptist ministry and was ordained, after which he lived in Texas until his death, 31 May 1899, at Dallas. He is buried in Marshall.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Warner 1997, pp. 129–130.
  2. ^ Warner 1997, pp. 129–130.
  3. ^ Thomas 1926, p. 191.
  4. ^ "Louisiana and Arkansas."
  5. ^ Dimitry 1899, pp. 402–403.
  6. ^ Warner 1997, pp. 129–130.
  7. ^ Warner 1997, pp. 129–130.

References[edit]

  • Dimitry, John; Harrell, Col. John M. (1899). Evans, Brig.-Gen. Clement A., ed. Confederate Military History. X. Atlanta, Ga.: Confederate Publishing Co. 
  • Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001), Civil War High Commands, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1 
  • "Louisiana and Arkansas—Banks and Steele". The Daily Conservative. 1 (31). Raleigh, N.C. May 28, 1864. p. 1. 
  • Thomas, David Y. (1926), Arkansas in War and Reconstruction, 1861-1874, Little Rock: Arkansas Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, LCCN 27003960, OCLC 2306662 – via Central Printing Company 
  • Warner, Ezra J. (1997), Generals in Gray: Lives of Confederate Commanders, Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, ISBN 0-8071-0823-5 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]