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Alonsoa meridionalis2.jpg
Alonsoa meridionalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Alonsoa
Ruiz & Pav.

See text.

Alonsoa (Mask flower) is a genus of 12 species of flowering plants in the family Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family. The genus includes both herbaceous and shrubby species.

The genus is native to Central and western South America, from Mexico south to Peru and Chile. At least two species are native to South Africa.[1] Alonsoas grow to around 30–100 cm tall, and have small, broadly oval, serrated leaves. The red, orange, yellow, white or occasionally blue flowers are borne on a loose terminal raceme.

Named for Zenón de Alonso Acosta, a Spanish official in Bogota[2][3]

List of Species[edit]


  1. ^ "A Second Species of the Amphi-Atlantic Genus Alonsoa (Scrophulariaceae) in South Africa". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 76 (4): 1152–1159. 1989. JSTOR 2399701. doi:10.2307/2399701. 
  2. ^ H. Ruiz López & J.A. Pavón, Systema Vegetabilium Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis 150–152, 1798
  3. ^ Mark A. Burkholder, Biographical Dictionary of Councilors of the Indies, 1717-1808, 1986, p.. 5-6
  4. ^ Species in Alonsoa

External links[edit]