Alosa caspia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alosa caspia
Alosa caspia.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Alosa
Species: A. caspia
Binomial name
Alosa caspia
(Eichwald, 1838)

Alosa caspia is a species of clupeid fish, one of the species of shad (genus Alosa) endemic to the Caspian Sea basin.[1]

FishBase treats separately three subspecies from the Caspian:[2]

  • Caspian shad, Alosa caspia caspia (Eichwald, 1838)
  • Enzeli shad, Alosa caspia knipowitschi (Iljin, 1927)
  • Astrabad shad, Alosa caspia persica (Iljin, 1927)

Previously the taxonomic circumscription and geographic range of A. caspia have been broader, encompassing also the Sea of Azov and Black Sea basins.[2][3][4] Up to ten subspecies were recognised; these included forms now classified as Alosa tanaica (and its synonyms) and even the Balkan freshwater endemics Alosa macedonica and Alosa vistonica.[3]


  1. ^ Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Alosa caspia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 18 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Alosa caspia" in FishBase. June 2014 version.
  3. ^ a b Peter J.P. Whitehead (1985) Subfamily Alosinae In: Clupeoid Fishes of the World - an annotated and illustrated catalog of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 7, Part 1. Rome: UNDP FAO.
  4. ^ A. caspia (Eichwald,1838) - каспийско-черноморский пузанок Позвоночные животные России.