Altai wapiti

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Altai elk
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
C. c. sibiricus
Trinomial name
Cervus canadensis sibiricus
(Erxleben, 1777)[1]

The Altai wapiti, sometimes called the Altai elk, is a subspecies of Cervus canadensis found in the forest hills of southern Siberia, northwestern Mongolia, and northern Xinjiang province of China. It is different from the Tian Shan wapiti in being smaller and paler in color.

It has also been classified as C. elaphus sibirica,[2] and is also known as the Altai maral,[3] central maral deer,[4] Siberian red deer,[2] and maral.[5][6]


Altai wapiti in the Olomouc Zoo

The Siberian wapiti is similar to other subspecies of Cervus canadensis in that the adults have a lighter toned torso with darker necks and juveniles have thicker fur on the body.[citation needed]

The adult male Altai wapiti has a recorded shoulder height of up to 155 cm (5.1 ft) and a maximum body weight of 300 kg (661.5 lbs), the female Altai wapiti is significantly smaller. The calf of this wapiti is larger than that of other Asiatic wapitis with a weight of 11 to 22 kg (24 to 48.5 lbs) upon birth.[7]


  1. ^ Erxleben, J.C.P. (1777) Anfangsgründe der Naturlehre and Systema regni animalis.
  2. ^ a b M. V. Kuznetsova, A. A. Danilkin, M. V. Kholodova: "Phylogeography of red deer (Cervus elaphus): Analysis of MtDNA cytochrome b polymorphism" Biology Bulletin Vol. 39, No. 4 (July 2012), pp 323-330 doi:10.1134/S1062359012040048
  3. ^ Marvin L. Jones "Longevity of ungulates in captivity" International Zoo Yearbook Vol. 32, No. 1 (January 1993), pp. 159–169 doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.1993.tb03529.x
  4. ^ W. Lindemann: "Transplantation of Game in Europe and Asia" The Journal of Wildlife Management Vol. 20, No. 1 (January 1956), pp. 68-70 JSTOR 3797249
  5. ^ Rolf Entzeroth, László Nemeséri, Erich Scholtyseck: "Prevalence and ultrastructure of Sarcocystis sp. from the red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) in Hungary" Parasit. Hung. Vol. 16 (1983), pp. 47–52
  6. ^ Halik Mahmut, Ryuichi Masuda, Manabu Onuma, Manami Takahashi, Junko Nagata, Masatsugu Suzuki, Noriyuki Ohtaishi "Molecular Phylogeography of the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Populations in Xinjiang of China: Comparison with other Asian, European, and North American Populations" Zoological Science Vol. 19, No. 4 (2002), pp. 485-495 doi:10.2108/zsj.19.485
  7. ^ Jagdschloss Granitz (Hrsg.): Die Hirsche der Welt. Parey Buchverlag, Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin/ Wien 1998, ISBN 3-8263-8514-4.