Amanda Viola Tester
March 15, 1894
Mountain City, Tennessee
|Died||February 3, 1980 (aged 85)|
|Education||Portland Museum Art School|
|Known for||Abstract compositions, portraits,|
paintings of birds, clowns, still life
|Movement||Early modern painters; Impressionism, Expressionism|
Amanda Viola Snyder, née Tester, (March 15, 1894 – February 3, 1980) was a contemporary American artist from Portland, Oregon, who was influenced by works of Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, and Vincent van Gogh. She produced hundreds of drawings, paintings and woodcuts, and held 32 solo exhibitions.
Early life and education
Snyder was born near Mountain City, Tennessee, the eldest child of William Jefferson Tester and Della Lee (née Hull) Tester. When she was nine years old her family moved to Roseburg, Oregon. Even in elementary school she had an aptitude for art. She married Edmund Snyder on July 16, 1916, and they moved to Portland, Oregon. Their son Eugene was born in 1918.
As a primarily self-taught artist, Snyder developed her own variations of Impressionism and Expressionism. She has been described as "reclusive and dedicated," working alone in the basement of her home in Portland.
She held 32 solo exhibits in her lifetime, and her works are in collections of Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art, Portland Art Museum, Seattle Art Museum, Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Reed College, and the Oregon Historical Society.
Museum docents Ginny Allen and Jody Klevit describe Snyder's style in Oregon Painters: the First Hundred Years (1859-1959):
Snyder liked the rough texture of many layers of paint softened by scumbling, using that technique to great effect. In 1929 she met Clayton Sumner Price at one of his gallery shows. He later informed her that her work, especially the clowns and religious paintings, had something in common with the French painter Rouault.
Allen and Klevit further describe the development of Snyder's style, "Over the years her style changed from realistic through impressionistic to the increasingly abstract." Snyder's landscape work is described in the exhibition notes for the "Picturing Oregon" exhibition of the Portland Art Museum: "Oregon’s leading artists often combined social realism with a modernist appropriation of cubism... Amanda Snyder employed cubist principles and the rain-darkened palette of the Northwest to create powerful geometric landscapes."
Books by Amanda Snyder
Selected works by Amanda Snyder
- "Amanda Snyder - Portland Art Museum". Portland Art Museum. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
- Hul, Roger (2017). "Amanda Snyder (1894-1980)". oregonencyclopedia.org. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
- "Amanda Snyder - Portland Art Museum". Portland Art Museum. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
- Amanda Snyder; Jefferson Tester (2006). Oregon Originals: The Art of Amanda Snyder & Jefferson Tester. Oregon Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-87595-304-5.
- Ginny Allen; Jody Klevit (1999). Oregon Painters: The First Hundred Years (1859-1959) : Index and Biographical Dictionary. Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0-87595-271-0.
- "Picturing Oregon". www.portlandartmuseum.us. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
- Amanda Snyder (1972). A Bookful of Birds. Graphic Arts Center.