A hip-hop feminist
is defined as young feminists
born after 1964 who approach the political community with a mixture of feminist and hip-hop
sensibilities, hip-hop feminism
. The term hip hop feminism
was coined by the provocative cultural critic Joan Morgan
in 1999 when she published the book When Chickenheads Come Home to Roost: A Hip Hop Feminist Breaks it Down
, which has been described as "seminal".
Hip hop feminism is based on a tradition of black feminism
, which emphasizes that the personal is political because our race, class, gender, and sexuality determine how we are treated. In the book Hip Hop's Inheritance: From the Harlem Renaissance to the Hip Hop Feminist Movement
Reiland Rabaka writes, "Seeming to simultaneously embrace and reject the fundamentals of feminism, the women of the hip hop generation, like the hip hop generation in general, have blurred the lines between the 'personal' and the 'political' by critically dialoguing with a culture that commonly renders them invisible or grossly misrepresents them when and where they are visible".
An important idea that came out of early black feminism is that of intersectionality. The term intersectionality was first coined by Kimberlé Crenshaw and was first used in a paper where Crenshaw outlines how black women are often marginalized by both anti-racist and feminist movements, because their identity and concerns are not encompassed by only one group. Later in the chapter, Rabaka explains the connection between media, hip-hop, feminism, and intersectionality: "hip-hop feminism is much more than feminism, and it focuses on more than feminist issues, misogyny, and patriarchy. Hip-hop feminists use hip-hop culture as one of their primary points of departure to highlight serious social issues and the need for political activism aimed at racism
, and heterosexism
as overlapping and interlocking systems of oppression" Read more...