Ambohitantely Reserve

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Ambohitantely Reserve
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Anodonthyla vallani02.jpg
Anodonthyla vallani is not known outside the Ambohitantely Reserve
Map showing the location of Ambohitantely Reserve
Map showing the location of Ambohitantely Reserve
Map of Madagascar
Location Ankazobe, Analamanga, Madagascar
Coordinates 18°09′40″S 47°18′07″E / 18.161°S 47.302°E / -18.161; 47.302[1]Coordinates: 18°09′40″S 47°18′07″E / 18.161°S 47.302°E / -18.161; 47.302[1]
Area 5,600 ha (14,000 acres)
Established 1982

Ambohitantely Reserve or Ambohitantely Special Reserve is a 5,600-hectare (14,000-acre) wildlife reserve of Madagascar.[2]

Geography[edit]

This reserve is situated in Analamanga region, 140 km (87 mi) north-west of the town of Antananarivo in the district of Ankazobe. It covers 1,800 ha (4,400 acres) of primary rainforests and 3,800 ha (9,400 acres) of grassland savannah.[2] It consists of several sections of the last primary rainforest, on the high plateau in central Madagascar, along with grasslands, caves and waterfalls, at an altitude of 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) to 1,650 metres (5,410 ft). The mean annual rainfall is 1,823 millimetres (71.8 in).[3][4] The entrance to the reserve is on route 4, near the village of Arazana and the nearest hotel is at Ankazobe.[4]

The ethnic groups living in and around the reserve are the Betsileo, Betsimisaraka, and Merina peoples.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The main habitats of the reserve are primary rainforests and grassland savannah. The black-bark tree, Fanola (Asteropeia amblyocarpa) is registered as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List, and Schizolaena tampoketsana with its twisted fissured trunk is believed to have only 160–370 mature individuals in existence.[5] Sihara palm (Dypsis onilahensis), Manambe palm (Dypsis decipiens), and rosewood (Dalbergia monticola) are all registered as vulnerable species

Three lemur species are found in the reserve: brown mouse lemur (Microcebus rufus), eastern woolly lemur (Avahi laniger), and common brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus). Rare birds found in the reserve include the Malagasy harrier (Circus macrosceles) and Madagascan ibis (Lophotibis cristata).[2] The frog Anodonthyla vallani is likely occurs only within the reserve.[6]

Threats[edit]

The area is threatened with Slash-and-burn agricuture and irrigation for rice paddies.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ambohitantely Special Reserve". protectedplanet.net. 
  2. ^ a b c "Réserve Spéciale Ambohitantely". Madagascar National Parks. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Ambohitantely Special Reserve". Travel Madagascar. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Ambohitantely Special reserve". Madagaskar.com. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Lucas, James. "Demographic Survey of the Sohisika (Schizolaena tampoketsana) at Ankafobe, Madagascar". SIT Digital Collections. School for International Training. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  6. ^ IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2012). "Anodonthyla vallani". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 

External links[edit]