American Film Theatre

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The profile of a bearded man's head looking upward against a field of stars, nebulae, and the words "Topol/Bertolt Brecht's/Galileo". Below the field there is a billing block of credits and then the text "American Film Theatre/Limited Engagement". At the top of the field is the text "The Ely Landau Organization Inc and Cinevision Ltée/Present".
Poster for the American Film Theatre release of Galileo (1974–75)

From 1973 to 1975, using approximately 500 movie theaters across the US, The American Film Theatre presented two seasons of film adaptations of well-known plays. Each film was shown only four times at each theatre. By design, these were not films of stage productions — they were plays "translated to the film medium, but with complete faithfulness to the original play script."[1] Filmgoers generally subscribed to an entire season of films, as they might if they purchased a season's tickets for a conventional stage theater. About 500,000 subscriptions were sold for the first season of eight plays using direct mail and newspaper advertising. Ely Landau was the producer for the series.[2][3][4]

Eight films were shown in the first season. Five were shown in the second season, after which American Film Theatre ended. Raymond Benson summarized, "The American Film Theatre could probably never be repeated, especially within the economic structure that exists in the motion picture industry today. It’s a shame, for even though the AFT was not a perfect product, it was a bold and fascinating experiment that attempted to blend the stage with cinema. It’s the kind of project that reminds us how recklessly courageous—and often artistically brilliant—filmmakers could be in the 1970s."[1]

The films were released on DVD in 2003 by Kino International and again in 2008 as a boxed set.[5]

Production[edit]

Twelve of the thirteen films were specifically produced by Landau for the series. The budgets were low: $750,000 for each film. Landau was able to convince noted and even famed playwrights, actors, and directors to offer their work at minimal rates.[6] The largest fee paid was $25,000; Lee Marvin remarked that he lost $225,000 by acting in The Iceman Cometh, since his usual fee for a film was $250,000.[1]

Marketing, distribution, and lawsuit[edit]

The American Film Theatre's marketing was based on selling season subscriptions. For the 1973–74 season there were eight films exhibited. Each film was shown only four times at a specific theatre. The American Express company developed a direct mail and newspaper sales campaign that cost $2.5 million, and yielded about 500,000 subscriptions for the first season.[4] The posters and other advertising emphasized that the films were being shown in "limited engagements", and it was rumored that the films would not be released again for years.[7]

Most theaters that participated in the American Film Theatre showed the films on Mondays and Tuesdays, which were days on which ticket sales for the films from the major studios were relatively small. For the second season, the major studios apparently began to exert pressure on these theaters to withdraw from American Film Theatre. In January 1975, the month the second season began, American Film Theatre filed an antitrust lawsuit against six of the major studios alleging that they were "coercing exhibitors into canceling scheduled AFT playdates or transferring them to theatres different from those designated to subscribers when they signed up for the AFT series". The outcome of the lawsuit isn't clear, but the second season was the last for the American Film Theatre.[8]

Film exhibitions[edit]

The months indicated for each film are for the American Film Theatre release. Excepting Three Sisters and Philadelphia, Here I Come, all of the films listed below were produced by Ely Landau and were first shown as part of the American Film Theatre.[1]

1973–74 season[edit]

1974–75 season[edit]

These films were shown by American Film Theatre in the first five months of 1975.

DVD release[edit]

  • Philadelphia, Here I Come! (1970). This film adaptation of Brian Friel's 1964 play was directed by John Quested. Quested also produced the film. It was not released during the 1974–75 season, and was not specifically produced for the American Film Theatre. It had been released in Ireland around 1970.[1][9] It was included in the DVD releases of 2003 and 2008.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Benson, Raymond (April 16, 2009). "Remember...The American Film Theatre". Cinema Retro. Archived from the original on 2013-06-01.
  2. ^ "Wide World of Entertainment: The Dick Cavett Show (Katharine Hepburn Interview, Pt. 1) (TV)". October 2, 1973. Summary only; not accessible online.
  3. ^ Barrett, Michael (July 17, 2008). "Canon Fodder: American Film Theatre". PopMatters. Review of The American Film Theatre Complete 14 Film Collection DVD set.
  4. ^ a b Sloane, Leonard (August 27, 1973). "Advertising: Film Theatre Debut". The New York Times. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ a b The American Film Theatre : the complete 14 film collection (DVD (region 1)). Kino International Corporation. 2008. OCLC 245535401.
  6. ^ Slide, Anthony (2014). "The American Film Theatre". The New Historical Dictionary of the American Film Industry. Routledge. p. 9. ISBN 9781135925543.
  7. ^ Schickel, Richard (April 13, 2003). "THEATER; Famous Plays, Famous Players, Forgotten Films". The New York Times.
  8. ^ "The Iceman Cometh". American Film Institute (AFI). 2003. Unsigned notes contain a discussion of an antitrust lawsuit filed by American Film Theatre and Ely Landau against six major film studios. In essence, the lawsuit accused the studios of preventing film theaters from showing the productions of the American Film Theatre.
  9. ^ Rockett, Kevin; Gibbons, Luke; Hill, John (2014). Cinema and Ireland. Routledge. p. 112. ISBN 9781317928584. The 1970s and 1980s saw a number of Irish-themed films being made in Ireland by foreigners. Brian Fiel's well-known play, Philadelphia, Here I Come (John Quested, 1970) ...

Further reading[edit]

  • Comtois, M. E. (December 1974). "Reviewed Work: American Film Theatre. 1973-74". Educational Theatre Journal. 26 (4): 522–524. JSTOR 3206614. Overview of the first season, including earlier reviews.
  • Grode, Eric (August 2, 2002). "STAGE TO SCREEN: American Film Theatre & TV Theatre in Sept". Playbill. The theatre managers dressed up, and 'Cinebills' with fake leatherette covers were handed out. This article discusses the reasons that it took more than twenty-five years after the second 1975 season before the American Film Theatre productions were released to DVD, etc..
  • Ingham, Michael (2016). Stage-Play and Screen-Play: The Intermediality of Theatre and Cinema. Taylor & Francis. p. 102. ISBN 9781317555216. The American Film Theatre was, nevertheless, a pioneering enterprise on Landau's part. The high quality of acting and directing in many of them, featuring actors and directors of recognised stature in both media, redeems their challenging length and inevitable emphasis on the spoken word as much as the image.

External links[edit]