American Veterinary Medical Association

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American Veterinary Medical Association
Formation9 July 1863; 157 years ago (1863-07-09)
Headquarters1931 North Meacham Road, Suite 100, Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), founded in 1863, is a not-for-profit association representing more than 91,000[1] U.S. veterinarians working in private and corporate practice, government, industry, academia, and uniformed services.[2]

The AVMA provides information resources, continuing education opportunities, publications, and discounts on personal and professional products, programs, and services. The AVMA indicates that it lobbies for animal friendly legislation within a framework that supports the use of animals for human purposes (e.g., food, fiber, research, companionship).[3]

The United States Department of Education has designated the AVMA Council on Education as the accrediting body for the 30[4] schools of veterinary medicine in the United States. In this capacity, the AVMA develops and maintains educational standards for these institutions to ensure the qualifications and competency of graduates of veterinary schools.[5]

The AVMA publishes the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association and the American Journal of Veterinary Research.

The AVMA's veterinary student organization is the Student American Veterinary Medical Association (SAVMA).


The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) was founded in 1863, when 40 delegates representing seven states met for a convention in New York. Originally named the United States Veterinary Medical Association, the USVMA was renamed the AVMA in 1889.[6]

By 1913, the AVMA consisted of 1,650 members, with membership open only to graduates of accredited veterinary schools.[6]

Today, the AVMA has more than 91,000 members engaged in a wide variety of work. In addition to treating pets, veterinarians work in a number of fields, such as public health, agriculture, food safety, academics, and the military.[2]

AVMA policy[edit]

The AVMA produces policies in response to member requests and stakeholder interest. These statements are general and aim to encourage improvement based on the best available scientific evidence.[7]

In 2005, the AVMA changed its policy on pregnant sow housing, stating that "given the number of variables and large variation in performance within both group and stall systems for pregnant sows, no one system is clearly better than others under all conditions and according to all criteria of animal welfare".[8]

The AVMA's policy was adopted after a comprehensive review by a multi-disciplinary, multi-perspective task force of experts that produced an accompanying review of housing for pregnant sows.[9]

The AVMA has voted on several proposals to take a formal stand against the forced feeding of birds to make foie gras. Although foie gras has been banned in many countries in Europe, as well as in the U.S. state of California, because of an absence of science specifically addressing the welfare aspects of foie gras production, as well as conflicting opinions among its membership, the AVMA opted not to take a stand either for or against foie gras. The AVMA has published a welfare implications of foie gras production backgrounder.[10]


AVMA supported the Veterinary Medicine Mobility Act of 2014, a law that amended the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) to clarify that veterinarians are not required to have separate registrations to dispense controlled substances outside of their principal place of business, such as when treating animals on a farm.[11][12] AVMA argued that "the CSA must be amended so that our nation's animals do not suffer unnecessarily."[13] Due to an interpretation of the law by the Drug Enforcement Administration, veterinarians were not allowed to travel to their off-site animal patients with controlled substances.[14]

Academic Accreditation[edit]

Two bodies within AVMA are responsible for veterinary education accreditation: the AVMA Council on Education (COE) and the Committee on Veterinary Technician Education and Activities (CVTEA). The former is responsible for accreditation of veterinary colleges and the latter veterinary technology programs.[15]

AVMA Accredited Veterinary Colleges[edit]

The following colleges are accredited by the AVMA:[4]

School State/Province/City Country Year Founded
Auburn University Alabama United States 1907
Tuskegee University Alabama United States 1945
Midwestern University (provisional, 2013) Arizona United States 2012
University of California, Davis California United States 1946
Western University of Health Sciences (minor deficiency, 2012) California United States 1998
Université de Montréal Quebec Canada 1866
University of Calgary Alberta Canada 2008
University of Guelph Ontario Canada 1866
University of Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island Canada 1986
University of Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Canada 1969
Colorado State University Colorado United States 1907
University of Florida Florida United States 1976
Murdoch University Western Australia Australia
University of Melbourne Victoria Australia
University of Sydney New South Wales Australia
University of Queensland Queensland Australia 1909[16]
University of London London England
University of Bristol Bristol England
VetAgro Sup[17] Marcy l'Etoile France
University College Dublin Dublin Ireland
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México Mexico City Mexico 1916
Massey University Palmerston North New Zealand 1962
University of Edinburgh Edinburgh Scotland 1823
University of Glasgow Glasgow Scotland 1862
Utrecht University (minor deficiency, 2014) Utrecht The Netherlands 1821
Ross University Saint Kitts Caribbean 1982
St. George's University (minor deficiency, 2011) Grenada Caribbean 1999
University of Georgia Georgia United States 1946
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Illinois United States 1948
Purdue University Indiana United States 1959
Iowa State University Iowa United States 1879
Kansas State University Kansas United States 1905
Louisiana State University Louisiana United States 1968
Tufts University Massachusetts United States 1978
Michigan State University Michigan United States 1910
University of Minnesota (minor deficiency, 2014) Minnesota United States 1947
Mississippi State University Mississippi United States 1977
University of Missouri-Columbia Missouri United States 1946
Cornell University New York United States 1894
North Carolina State University North Carolina United States 1978
Ohio State University Ohio United States 1885
Oklahoma State University Oklahoma United States 1948
Oregon State University Oregon United States 1979
University of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania United States 1884
University of Tennessee Tennessee United States 1976
Lincoln Memorial University (provisional, 2015) Tennessee United States 2012
Texas A&M University Texas United States 1916
Virginia–Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine Virginia/Maryland United States 1978
Washington State University (minor deficiency, 2010) Washington United States 1899
University of Wisconsin–Madison Wisconsin United States 1979

AVMA Accredited Veterinary Technology Programs[edit]

The AVMA accredits veterinary technician programs in all U.S. states except for Arkansas, Montana, and Washington D.C. It also accredits one program in Canada and a number of distance learning programs.[18]

Specialists in veterinary medicine[edit]

A veterinary specialist, as recognized by the AVMA, is a graduate veterinarian who has successfully completed the process of board certification in an AVMA-recognized veterinary specialty organization (ie, board or college). To become board certified, a veterinarian must have extensive post-graduate training and experience and pass a credential review and examinations set by the given specialty organization.[19]

The AVMA recognizes the following 20 veterinary specialty organizations:

  • American Board of Veterinary Practitioners[20]
  • American Board of Veterinary Toxicology[21]
  • American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine[22]
  • American College of Poultry Veterinarians[23]
  • American College of Theriogenologists[24]
  • American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia[25]
  • American College of Veterinary Behaviorists[26]
  • American College of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology[27]
  • American College of Veterinary Dermatology[28]
  • American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care[29]
  • American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine[30]
  • American College of Veterinary Microbiologists[31]
  • American College of Veterinary Nutrition[32]
  • American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists[33]
  • American College of Veterinary Pathologists[34]
  • American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine[35]
  • American College of Veterinary Radiology[36]
  • American College of Veterinary Surgeons[37]
  • American College of Zoological Medicine[38]
  • American Veterinary Dental College[39]

With these 40 distinct specialties:[40]

  • Anesthesiology and Analgesia
  • Animal Welfare
  • Avian Practice
  • Bacteriology\Mycology
  • Beef Cattle Practice
  • Behavior
  • Canine and Feline Practice
  • Canine Practice
  • Cardiology
  • Critical Care
  • Dairy Practice
  • Dentistry
  • Dermatology
  • Epidemiology
  • Equine Practice
  • Feline Practice
  • Food Animal Practice
  • Immunology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Laboratory Animal Medicine
  • Microbiology
  • Neurology
  • Nutrition
  • Oncology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Parasitology
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Poultry
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Radiology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Surgery
  • Swine Health Management
  • Toxicology
  • Virology
  • Zoological Medicine


  1. ^ "Who We Are".
  2. ^ a b "About the AVMA". Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  3. ^ "AVMA Animal Welfare Policy Statements". Archived from the original on 4 November 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Accredited Veterinary Colleges". AVMA. American Veterinary Medical Association. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Accreditation in the United States". Archived from the original on 8 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  6. ^ a b "History of the AVMA". Retrieved 2012-12-04.
  7. ^ "AVMA Animal Welfare Policies". Archived from the original on 13 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  8. ^ "AVMA policy on pregnant sow housing". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  9. ^ "A comprehensive review of housing for pregnant sows" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  10. ^ "Welfare implications for foie gras production". Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  11. ^ "H.R. 1528 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  12. ^ "CBO - H.R. 1528". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Tell Congress to Pass the Veterinary Medicine Mobility Act". American Veterinary Medical Association. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  14. ^ "AAVMC Programs & Initiatives". Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges. Archived from the original on 2014-07-07. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  15. ^ "AVMA Center for Veterinary Education Accreditation". American Veterinary Medical Association. Archived from the original on 11 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
  16. ^
  17. ^ "VetAgro Sup".
  18. ^ "Veterinary Technology Programs Accredited by the AVMA CVTEA". American Veterinary Medical Association. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  19. ^ "Veterinary Specialty Organizations". Archived from the original on 1 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-04-06.
  20. ^ "Home - American Board of Veterinary Practitioners". American Board of Veterinary Practitioners.
  21. ^ "American Board of Veterinary Toxicology".
  22. ^ "Home ACLAM".
  23. ^ Bevans-Kerr, Bob. "Home Page".
  24. ^ "American College of Theriogenologists".
  25. ^ "American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia".
  26. ^ "ACVB".
  27. ^ "ACVCP Homepage TOC".
  28. ^ " - Home - Veterinarians with specialized training in skin, ears, and allergy".
  29. ^ "American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care".
  30. ^ "American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine > Home".
  31. ^ "AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGISTS". 10 February 2005. Archived from the original on 10 February 2005.
  32. ^ "American College of Veterinary Nutrition - ACVN".
  33. ^ "American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists".
  34. ^ "American College of Veterinary Pathologists".
  35. ^ "American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine - ACVPM".
  36. ^ "Homepage - ACVR".
  37. ^ "ACVS".
  38. ^ "Home - American College of Zoological Medicine".
  39. ^ "Home - AVDC - American Veterinary Dental College".
  40. ^ "ABVS - Recognized Veterinary Specialty Organizations". American Veterinary Medical Association. Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2015.

External links[edit]